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PSAE – Day 2 - ISBE Science Test Review of Physics Concepts Involving Force and Motion Standard 12 D Peggy Piper, Lincoln Way North High School Grayslake.

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Presentation on theme: "PSAE – Day 2 - ISBE Science Test Review of Physics Concepts Involving Force and Motion Standard 12 D Peggy Piper, Lincoln Way North High School Grayslake."— Presentation transcript:

1 PSAE – Day 2 - ISBE Science Test Review of Physics Concepts Involving Force and Motion Standard 12 D Peggy Piper, Lincoln Way North High School Grayslake North Science and

2 ~ F=ma, Action/Reaction Force And Motion click on "Actions" button to see additional Speakers Notes

3 Force And Motion ~ F=ma, Action/Reaction

4 But... Force And Motion ~ F=ma, Action/Reaction

5 ~ Conservation of Momentum Force And Motion

6 Momentum stays constant! Only the ball has momentum (mass x velocity) before the collision. After the collision, the ball loses momentum (slows down) and Jocko gains momentum (speeds up) to keep the total momentum constant! ~ Conservation of Momentum Force And Motion

7 ~ Inertia An astronaut in outer space away from gravitational or frictional forces throws a rock. The rock will ……….. Force And Motion

8 ~ Inertia ….continue on forever in a straight line!! Newton’s 1 st Law (Law of Inertia) says objects will not change their speed or direction unless there is an outside force. Force And Motion

9 ~ Simple Machines If you are able to push your end of a lever down a distance of 1 meter using 10 N of force, how high can you lift an 100 N boulder on the other end? 100 N ?? Force And Motion click on "Actions" button to see additional Speakers Notes

10 ~ Simple Machines The amount of work you put in (force x distance) must equal the amount of work you get out. You multiplied your force by ten, so you decreased your distance by 1/10 th. 100 N 1/10 m T o gain the greatest mechanical advantage, increase your distance from the fulcrum and the distance you have to push Force And Motion

11 ~ Buoyancy Force And Motion

12 ~ Buoyancy The block displaces its weight in water as long as it floats, if it’s too dense to float, it displaces less than its weight, it displaces its volume instead. Force And Motion d

13 ~ Bernoulli Water with air bubbles flows through a pipe that gets narrower. In the narrow region, the water gains speed and the bubbles are; Force And Motion

14 ~ Bernoulli As the water’s speed increases, pressure decreases (Bernoulli' s principle). Decreased water pressure squeezes less on air bubbles. If the flowing water continues its flow into a wider section of pipe, speed decreases, pressure increases, and the bubbles become smaller. Force And Motion

15 ~ Gravity Force And Motion

16 ~ Gravity Force And Motion Answer d, nothing changes!!! Newton’s Law of Gravitation says that gravitation pull is based on the two masses and their distance apart – not their volume!! click on "Actions" button to see additional Speakers Notes

17 ~ Frame of Reference Suppose you are standing in the aisle of a bus traveling along a straight road at 100 km/h, and you hold a pencil above your head. What happens to the pencil if you let go? Force And Motion

18 ~ Frame of Reference The pencil drops straight down in front of you!! The pencil is traveling at 100 km/hr relative to the road……… …… but it is traveling at 0 km/hr relative to you and the bus! Force And Motion

19 ~ Circular Motion You are swinging a ball in a circle above your head. What happens when the string breaks? Force And Motion

20 ~ Circular Motion The answer is C! The ball will fly in a straight line tangent to the circle. The inward force from the string was causing the ball to accelerate towards the middle. This is what Earth would do if there was no gravitational pull from the sun! Force And Motion

21 & 81 ~ Electrical Force When you rub a balloon on your head, you can then make it stick to the wall. How does this work? Force And Motion

22 & 81 ~ Electrical Force The balloon becomes “charged” with electrons that transfer from your hair. When the charged surface is placed near the wall, the electrons in the wall move away leaving a positively charged surface. The two opposite charges attract. Force And Motion The electrical force holding the balloon to the wall beats the gravitational force pulling the balloon to the ground!!


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