2 WHY IS MATERNAL NUTRITION IMPORTANT? Maternal Nutrition: Session 1WHY IS MATERNAL NUTRITION IMPORTANT?TOPICS TO BE COVERED:1,000 Days PartnershipScaling Up NutritionThe Lancet Journal articles on maternal nutritionIndicators of maternal nutrition and the Nutrition Program Design Assistant tool
3 Scaling Up Nutrition Framework and Roadmap 1,000 Days Partnership (Supported by the US Secretary of State and the Foreign Minister of Ireland):“…a global effort to jumpstart the implementation of the….”Scaling Up Nutrition Framework and Roadmap…which draws upon the evidence presented in….The Lancet five-part series on Maternal and Child Undernutrition, January 2008:“From minus 9 months to 24 months is a window of opportunity for high impact in reducing death and disease and avoiding irreversible harm to child development.”
4 Section C. Maternal Nutrition Let’s look at data using the Nutrition Program Design Assistant tool! *STEP 1 IndicatorsSection C. Maternal NutritionNPDA Reference Guide:NPDA Workbook:Note: Links must be pasted into your web browser rather than clicked on.
5 NPDA DATASET: DATA FROM A MIX OF DHS AND KPC SURVEYS MATERNAL NUTRITION% National Level% of women age 18 with at least one childbirthFILL WITH YOUR DATA% of newborn with low birth weight (mother’s report of baby being “very small at birth”21%% of non-pregnant women of reproductive age with low Body Mass Index24%% of women of reproductive age with anemia49%% of women who received iron-folic acid supplements during last pregnancy59%% of women who took recommended IFA supplement 90+ days during last pregnancy10%% of women who received IPT for malaria during last pregnancy35%% of women with 4 or more ANC visits during last pregnancy% of women with at least one ANC visit during last pregnancy86%% of women that consumed one additional serving of staple food during last pregnancyUNKNOWN
6 Maternal Nutrition Session 2: SMALL GROUP WORK:In THREE small groups, each member of the small group shares one key MATERNAL NUTRITION message that their project promotes.Repeat until you have a set of at least 3 key messagesGroup messages according to whether you feel your project is having MORE or LESS success in achieving the desired practicesDiscuss ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS that have contributed to successful behavior changeDiscuss OBSTACLES to less successful behavior change
7 Maternal Nutrition: Session 3 Looking at new IYCF materials with BCC messages:UNICEFEssential Nutrition ActionsCARE, URC, CHSNote: some similarities to UNICEF materials
8 Maternal Nutrition Session 3: SMALL GROUP WORK:In FOUR small groups, read through the:UNICEF IYCF Counseling Card Number 1ESSENTIAL NUTRITION ACTIONS Illustration Nos.1, 2, 3 and 4.On flipchart, note any messages on maternal nutrition that these tools have that would be useful to ADD to your project’s BCC package of maternal nutrition messagesOn flipchart, note any focus on PERSONS OF INFLUENCE in the tools that would be useful to incorporate into your project’s BCC package of maternal nutrition messages
9 SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS TODAY INTERACTIVE REVIEW TOMORROW
10 Maternal Nutrition Session 4: ESSENTIAL HEALTH SECTOR ACTIONS TO IMPROVE MATERNAL NUTRITIONIN AFRICA*Adequate food intake during pregnancy and lactation.Adequate micronutrient intake during pregnancy and lactation.Reduction of malaria infection in pregnant women in endemic areas.Reduction of hookworm infection in pregnant women in endemic areas.Birth spacing of three years or longer.*LINKAGES Project 2001/FHI360; IYCN Project ……/PATH
11 Maternal Nutrition Session 5: NUTRITION COUNSELING SKILLS:ROLE PLAY !!!!Discuss HANDOUT on Positive Counseling Skills from UNICEF IYCF materials
13 FFPIB Standard Indicators Handbook: Pages 31-32 Total children with [(D17=1 OR D18=1) AND ((age in days > 183) AND (age in days <274) AND (7-food group score > 4) AND (D51 > 2)]OR[(D17=1 OR D18=1) AND (age in days > 274) AND (age in days <730) AND (7-food group score > 4) AND (D51 > 3)][(D17=0 OR D18=0) AND (age in days > 183) AND (age in days <730) AND ((D23 + D25 + D29) > 2) AND (6-food group score > 4) AND ((D23+D25+D29+D51) > 4)]_________________________________________________________Total children with [(age in days > 183) AND (age in days < 730)]
14 MINIMUM ACCEPTABLE DIET INDICATOR A “composite” indicator = an indicator “composed of” several indicators added togetherAdds together indicators which look at the THREE variables of infant feeding practices:Breastfeeding (yes or no)FREQUENCY of feeding (number of times/day by AGE)Diet DIVERSITY (number of food groups)Slide # 7
15 M.A.D. INDICATOR WHY???? FREQUENCY YES AMOUNT NO DENSITY NO …………with staple foods……………………UTILIZATION / VARIETY YESACTIVE FEEDING NOHYGIENE NO“FADUA” or “FATVAH”Slide # 7
16 MINIMUM ACCEPTABLE DIET INDICATOR INDIVIDUALINDICATORSAGE RANGE 6 to 23 MONTHS = DENOMINATOR FOR COMPOSITE INDICATORBreastfeeding statusYes, breastfedNot breastfedFrequency of feedingAGE 6-8 m:Fed TWO OR MORE times per dayAGE 9-23 m:Fed THREE OR MORE times per dayAGE 6-23 m: Fed FOUR OR MORE times per day and TWO must be MILKDiet diversityFoods from FOUR OR MORE food groups(out of 7 food groups)(out of 6 food groups, EXCLUDING DAIRY)Slide # 7
17 This presentation was made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the responsibility of Save the Children and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.