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First Aid for Burns Click to Begin. First Aid for Burns Click to Continue.

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Presentation on theme: "First Aid for Burns Click to Begin. First Aid for Burns Click to Continue."— Presentation transcript:

1 First Aid for Burns Click to Begin

2 First Aid for Burns Click to Continue

3 Burns  Assessing the extent of damage to body tissues will help you determine what aid to give.  First degree burn: less severe  Second degree burn: More severe  Third degree burn: very severe Click to Continue

4 First Degree Burn  Least serious burns  The outer layer of skin (epidermis) is burned.  Symptoms: The skin is usually red and dry, with swelling The skin is usually red and dry, with swelling Some pain usually present. Some pain usually present. Treat a first-degree burn as a minor burn unless it involves substantial portions of the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or a major joint. Treat a first-degree burn as a minor burn unless it involves substantial portions of the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or a major joint. Click to Continue

5 First Aid for Minor Burns  Cool the burn! Cool the burn under cold running water, immerse in cold water, or cool it with cold compresses for 5 to10 minutes or until the pain subsides. Cool the burn under cold running water, immerse in cold water, or cool it with cold compresses for 5 to10 minutes or until the pain subsides. Don't put ice on the burn. Don't put ice on the burn. Don’t put butter or other oily lotions on the burn while it is still hot. Don’t put butter or other oily lotions on the burn while it is still hot. Lotion may be applied when it has cooled. Lotion may be applied when it has cooled. Click to Continue

6 Second Degree Burn More severe:  Symptoms: Blisters develop Blisters develop skin red and wet, may be blotchy skin red and wet, may be blotchy severe pain and swelling severe pain and swelling Click to Continue

7 Second Degree Burn First Aid If smaller than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, treat it as a minor burn.  Get immediate medical help if: The burn is larger than 2 to 3 inches The burn is larger than 2 to 3 inches the burn is on the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint the burn is on the hands, feet, face, groin or buttocks, or over a major joint  Cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin. Click to Continue

8 Second Degree Burn First Aid  Give an over the counter pain medication  Watch for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, fever, swelling or oozing.  If infection develops, seek medical help.  Use sunscreen on the area for at least a year. Click to Continue

9 Third Degree Burn  The most serious burns are painless and involve all layers of the skin.  Fat, muscle and even bone may be affected. Areas may be charred black or appear dry and white.  The patient may have difficulty inhaling and exhaling.  Carbon monoxide poisoning or other toxic effects may occur if smoke inhalation accompanies the burn. Click to Continue

10 First Aid for Major Burns  Dial 911 or call for emergency medical assistance.  Make sure the victim is no longer in contact with smoldering materials or exposed to smoke or heat.  Douse the victim with lots of cold water, but don’t immerse them in water. Doing so could cause shock. Click to Continue

11 First Aid for Major Burns  Check for signs of circulation (breathing, coughing or movement). If there is no breathing or other sign of circulation, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).  Cover the area of the burn. Use a cool, moist, sterile bandage; clean, moist cloth; or moist towels.  Treat for shock. Click to Continue

12 First Aid for Major Burns  DO NOT overcool the victim.  DO NOT remove clothing or anything sticking to the burn.  DO NOT burst blisters.  DO NOT apply lotions, ointment, or fat to the injury. This concludes the presentation


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