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CHAPTER 18: AN ERA OF REFORM. PRISON REFORM: CONDITIONS BEFORE REFORM Jail inmates were in chains & lived in cages. Children were in jail with adult prisoners.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 18: AN ERA OF REFORM. PRISON REFORM: CONDITIONS BEFORE REFORM Jail inmates were in chains & lived in cages. Children were in jail with adult prisoners."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 18: AN ERA OF REFORM

2 PRISON REFORM: CONDITIONS BEFORE REFORM Jail inmates were in chains & lived in cages. Children were in jail with adult prisoners. Mentally ill were treated as criminals. Insufficient mental hospitals.

3 PRISON REFORM: CONDITIONS BEFORE REFORM

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7 PRISON REFORM: REFORM LEADER Dorothea Dix

8 PRISON REFORM: REFORMS New asylums State governments stopped placing debtors in prison. Special justice systems for children Cruel punishments outlawed

9 EDUCATION REFORM: CONDITIONS BEFORE REFORM Few areas had public schools. Schoolrooms were overcrowded. Teachers had limited education & received little pay. Most children didn’t go to school.

10 EDUCATION REFORM: REFORM LEADER Horace Mann

11 EDUCATION REFORM: REFORMS New York set up public elementary schools. Massachusetts voted to pay taxes to build better schools, pay teachers higher salaries, & establish training schools for teachers. By 1850, most white boys attended free public schools. Public universities accepted women.

12 ABOLITIONISM: GOAL OF THE MOVEMENT to abolish slavery

13 ABOLITIONISM: LEADERS OF THE MOVEMENT William Lloyd Garrison Frederick Douglass Angelina & Sarah Grimke Sojourner Truth

14 WOMEN’S RIGHTS: CONDITIONS BEFORE THE MOVEMENT Women could not vote or hold office. Fathers/husbands controlled women’s money & property. Husbands could physically discipline their wives.

15 WOMEN’S RIGHTS: LEADERS OF THE MOVEMENT Lucretia Mott Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucy Stone

16 SENECA FALLS: GRIEVANCES Man did not let woman vote. He did not give her property, rights, even to her own wages. He did not allow her to practice professions like medicine & law.

17 SENECA FALLS: ADVANCES ACHIEVED New York gave women control over property & wages. Massachusetts & Indiana passed more liberal divorce laws. Elizabeth Blackwell started her own hospital. Women eventually were given the right to vote.

18 W OMEN ’ S G RIEVANCES He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead.

19 W OMEN ’ S G RIEVANCES He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.

20 W OMEN ’ S G RIEVANCES He has so framed the laws of divorce, and to whom guardianship of the children shall be given, in all cases, puts all power into his hands.


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