Presentation on theme: "The Laundry Process As a result of completing this activity you will be better prepared to keep your clothes clean and looking their best longer."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Laundry ProcessAs a result of completing this activity you will be better prepared to keep your clothes clean and looking their best longer.
2 Steps of the laundry process. Sort the clothing.Pre-treat stains and heavily soiled areas.Mend or repair.Operate the washing machine.Handle fabrics carefully to reduce the need for ironing.Operate the dryer.Ironing or pressing.
3 How to sort laundrySorting is one of the most important steps. While you sort you should:Look for spots or stains and treat them.Close zippers, hooks, & buttons to prevent snagging.Remove all items from pockets.Tie sashes and belts loosely to prevent tangling.Look for tears, rips, etc. and repair these before washing.Sort cloths into loads that will fitin the washer.Separate out special care andnon-color fast items.
4 Common Wash LoadsWhites – white colors, clothing such as white socks, underwear, undershirtsLights – light colored clothingBrights – clothing that is brighter in colorsDarks – navy, black, brown, dark graysLinens – towels, wash cloths, sheets, pillowcasesHeavily Soiled – clothing that is very dirtyHand wash – some non-colorfast clothes (their colors bleed or run), some fibers such as wool or silk, loosely woven or knit products, some sweaters, along with delicate or specialty items
5 Color Sorting is done by … White, or white background with pastel figuresSolid or print pastelsMedium bright colorsDark colorsColorfastness (refers to how well it keeps its color without fading or bleeding/running)
6 Type and weight of fabric Sorting is done by …Type and weight of fabricLoosely woven, knitted, and sheersLint producing: towels, sheets, terry cloth, etc.Tightly woven, heavy fabrics
7 Kind and amount of soil Sorting is done by … Pre-treat stains and heavily soiled area.Heavily soiled items should be washed separately.Polyesters pick up oily stains and should not be washed with items which are soiled with oily or greasy stains.
8 Size Sorting is done by … Mix large and small items in each load for better cleaning and movement of items in the washer.
10 Pre-treat stains Mend or Repair Fresh stains are easier to remove than old stains.Mending articles before washing keeps the torn area from getting bigger or fraying.
11 Operating the Washing Machine Select the wash temperature.Hot water sets stains, shrinks clothing, fades colors and costs more.Warm water causes little damage to clothing.Cold water protects fabrics, prevents shrinkage, prevents fading, allows stains to remove easily, works best with detergents, and costs less.Select the rinse water temperature.Warm water activates the detergent and causes the clothing not to rinse thoroughly.Cold water allows the rinse cycle to work the best.
12 Operating the Washing Machine Read your owners manual for best results.
13 Operating the Washing Machine Select the water level and agitation cycle.Use the regular setting for medium andheavy weight fabrics.Use the delicate setting for lightweightfabrics or delicate items.
14 Operating the Washing Machine Select the laundry products.Chlorine (liquid) bleach is mainly used on white cotton fabrics.Powdered bleach can be used safely on other fabrics.Chlorine (liquid) bleach should be added to the wash water and mixed thoroughly before the clothes are in the washer. The bleach should not be poured directly on the clothing.Always use the amount of detergent recommended on the box or less – too much detergent is difficult to rinse out and makes the clothing sticky and dull in color.Don’t use extra detergent for extra dirty clothes – wash them twice instead.
15 Handle fabrics carefully Using care with the fabrics can reduce the need for ironing.Using fabric softeners or conditioners helps to eliminate wrinkling.Take the clothes out of the dryer immediately when dry, while they are still warm and hang them up promptly to prevent wrinkling.
16 Operating the Dryer Selecting the temperature Selecting the time High heat damages clothingMedium heat does less damage than high heatLow heat is least damaging but takes longer to dry clothingSelecting the timeSpecial care and delicate items only need about minutes of drying time on a low temperatureAn average load of clothing requires about minutes of drying timeHeavier items, such as towels and jeans, require a longer drying time
17 Ironing or pressingIf you aren’t sure what temperature to use, start with a lower temperature and increase it until the wrinkles are out.Moisture or steam helps remove wrinkles.Hilda Makes Pies (heat, moisture, pressure)