Presentation on theme: "September 2012 Fire Training"— Presentation transcript:
1September 2012 Fire Training MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY
2Practice Size-up6301 Penny Lane 290 E. Roy Barnes Rd.
3Why are we here? Upcoming MAYDAY training with CFD Introduction/Refresher to communicationsTying it all togetherAccountabilityIncident CommandInitial Engine Company OperationsFire BehaviorApparatus StagingRadio Discipline
42012 LODD – 52 firefighters total A firefighters survivability in the hazard zone, is totally dependent on an effective size-up and managing air supply
5BCFPD-CFD Joint Training October Fire TrainingScenario Based on Managing the MAYDAYAir management techniquesIncident Command responsibilitiesCrew resource responsibilities
6Reasons for Firefighter Deaths and Injuries Poor size-up (Primary and Secondary)Improper tactical decisionsFailure to recognize rapidly deteriorating conditionsLightweight building constructionIncreased fire loadLack of strong Incident CommandFreelancingLack of training
7Changing Fire Conditions How will changing fire conditions contribute to a firefighter Mayday situation?NIST studiesUnderwriters LaboratoriesWhat are these studies telling us?
8When are Mayday’s occurring? First crew inside the structureWhat potential issues does this scenario have?OverhaulWhat about this scenario?
9Notable Events Hackensack New Jersey Charleston Sofa Super Store Brett Tarver Southwest SupermarketKyle WilsonPrince William CountyVirginiaHackensack New JerseyCharleston Sofa Super Store
10Hackensack Ford July 1, 1988 14:59 – Initial Dispatch 15:08 – Ladder company ordered to vent the roof.15:09 – Observed “brown smoke” in the attic.15:22 – “Fire in the vent hole”15:34 – Crews ordered to “back your lines out”15:36 Bowstring Arch Truss CollapseCaptain Richard WilliamsLieutenant Richard ReinhagenFirefighter William KrejsaFirefighter Leonard RadumskiFirefighter Stephen Ennis
11At 15:39, Lieutenant Reinhagen began to radio his location and appeal for help 15:42 – “You have to hurry, we’re running out of air.”Dispatch radioed the Incident Commander (Chief Williams) with no response.Over the next 6 minutes, Reinhagen made 10 more calls for help with no answer.15:49 - “Chief, this is Lieutenant Reinhagen. I’m still stuck back in the right rear of the building in the closet. We are out of air in a closet. We’re out of air.”
12“What’s your location?” Chief Williams said. 15:50 - “Stuck in a closet. Out of air”Chief Williams, “Stuck in a closet?”12 seconds later – Chief Williams, “Where are you?”Reinhagen, “Help. The right rear. Out of air. Anybody out there? Stuck in the closet, right rear. No air. Help.”15:52 (last transmission) - “First floor, underneath the collapsed ceiling.”
14Hackensack Lessons Learned Poor Incident Command StructureAll operations (including dispatch) were working on one radio frequencyHelped establish Mayday protocolsDangers of bowstring constructionAir management is crucial
1513600 N Route E August 16, 2012 Dispatch Further Information ApparatusE1301E301E401T305T405S604M111T505T905E701AIR1513600 N Route EAugust 16, 2012Dispatch21:52Further InformationCaller just got home and can see smoke and the door handles are hot to the touchE401 (Captain Timmermann) arrived on scene at 22:06 and established command
20When to call a Mayday Becoming trapped or entangled Cut off by fire Cut off by collapseFalling through a floor or roofBeing pinnedSCBA failure in a hazardous environmentAir supply is less than required to exit IDLH atmosphere.Firefighter downBecoming lost or disoriented, or losing a member of your crew.Anytime a PASS device is fully activated and a PAR report confirms a member unaccounted for.Structural Collapse during interior firefighting which results in any of the above circumstancesAny other life threatening condition not listed in the above-specified conditions.
21How to call a Mayday U – Unit Calling C - Conditions A – Actions Most of us originally learned LUNARUCAAN-PU – Unit CallingC - ConditionsA – ActionsA – AirN - NeedsP – Pass (Initiated by the Incident Commander)
22“MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY” Once a MAYDAY transmission occurs, there are a number of steps that need to happen.Hold all radio traffic for the firefighter MAYDAYAll units on scene maintain radio disciplineStay OFF the radio – emergency traffic only
23MAYDAY Command Responsibilities Activate a RIC (On Deck Crew) based on the needs of the firefighter in troubleNotification to PSJC“All call” tonesDispatch “Mayday Assignment” an additional engine, tanker, squad, and ambulanceIC will add additional Command Aides to assist with incident management
24Command Operations cont. PAR checkDo not flood the interior with resources – send only what is requiredAssign Division supervisors to manage units in the hazard zoneSupport firefighting operations
25Mayday ScenariosMayday called on the Tactical channel and acknowledged by the ICMayday called on the tactical channel and not acknowledged by the ICMayday called on the tactical frequency to the first arriving IC (apparatus operator)Mayday called on the main frequencySituation with no radio
26Things that came from the Bret Tarver incident Tarver VideoThings that came from the Bret Tarver incident
27Tarver Lessons Learned Phoenix Fire conducted Mayday research over a span of 5 years ( )Radio Traffic was overwhelming once a Mayday was transmittedMultiple radio channels were ineffective and left firefighters disconnected from operationsRescues were being done from the outside/in rather than inside/outWhen incidents are out of balance = more freelancing
28RIT is not Rapid Brett Tarver, Phoenix Fire Department 53 minutes from Mayday call to recoveryWhy is calling an early Mayday important?Because we are all the sameAggressive in natureHate to loseThink we can overcome any situationDon’t want to admit defeat
30Air Management"Our life expectancy inside a structure fire is limited to the air we carry on our backs.“Alan Brunacini, Fire Chief (ret.), Phoenix FDAir ConservationRIT Time (minutes)Task22.54,500 psi bottle2.47Establish a RIT Team2.55Entry after a Mayday is called21.8Rescue a Firefighter16-18Structural collapsePersonnel12:1Firefighters to complete a rescue