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September 2012 Fire Training

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1 September 2012 Fire Training

2 Practice Size-up 6301 Penny Lane 290 E. Roy Barnes Rd.

3 Why are we here? Upcoming MAYDAY training with CFD
Introduction/Refresher to communications Tying it all together Accountability Incident Command Initial Engine Company Operations Fire Behavior Apparatus Staging Radio Discipline

4 2012 LODD – 52 firefighters total
A firefighters survivability in the hazard zone, is totally dependent on an effective size-up and managing air supply

5 BCFPD-CFD Joint Training
October Fire Training Scenario Based on Managing the MAYDAY Air management techniques Incident Command responsibilities Crew resource responsibilities

6 Reasons for Firefighter Deaths and Injuries
Poor size-up (Primary and Secondary) Improper tactical decisions Failure to recognize rapidly deteriorating conditions Lightweight building construction Increased fire load Lack of strong Incident Command Freelancing Lack of training

7 Changing Fire Conditions
How will changing fire conditions contribute to a firefighter Mayday situation? NIST studies Underwriters Laboratories What are these studies telling us?

8 When are Mayday’s occurring?
First crew inside the structure What potential issues does this scenario have? Overhaul What about this scenario?

9 Notable Events Hackensack New Jersey Charleston Sofa Super Store
Brett Tarver Southwest Supermarket Kyle Wilson Prince William County Virginia Hackensack New Jersey Charleston Sofa Super Store

10 Hackensack Ford July 1, 1988 14:59 – Initial Dispatch
15:08 – Ladder company ordered to vent the roof. 15:09 – Observed “brown smoke” in the attic. 15:22 – “Fire in the vent hole” 15:34 – Crews ordered to “back your lines out” 15:36 Bowstring Arch Truss Collapse Captain Richard Williams Lieutenant Richard Reinhagen Firefighter William Krejsa Firefighter Leonard Radumski Firefighter Stephen Ennis

11 At 15:39, Lieutenant Reinhagen began to radio his location and appeal for help
15:42 – “You have to hurry, we’re running out of air.” Dispatch radioed the Incident Commander (Chief Williams) with no response. Over the next 6 minutes, Reinhagen made 10 more calls for help with no answer. 15:49 - “Chief, this is Lieutenant Reinhagen. I’m still stuck back in the right rear of the building in the closet. We are out of air in a closet. We’re out of air.”

12 “What’s your location?” Chief Williams said.
15:50 -  “Stuck in a closet. Out of air” Chief Williams, “Stuck in a closet?” 12 seconds later – Chief Williams, “Where are you?” Reinhagen, “Help. The right rear. Out of air. Anybody out there? Stuck in the closet, right rear. No air. Help.” 15:52 (last transmission) -  “First floor, underneath the collapsed ceiling.”

13 Dimensions - N-224 ft. - S- 175 ft. - W- 100 ft.

14 Hackensack Lessons Learned
Poor Incident Command Structure All operations (including dispatch) were working on one radio frequency Helped establish Mayday protocols Dangers of bowstring construction Air management is crucial

15 13600 N Route E August 16, 2012 Dispatch Further Information
Apparatus E1301 E301 E401 T305 T405 S604 M111 T505 T905 E701 AIR15 13600 N Route E August 16, 2012 Dispatch 21:52 Further Information Caller just got home and can see smoke and the door handles are hot to the touch E401 (Captain Timmermann) arrived on scene at 22:06 and established command

16 What’s your size-up?

17 Columbia 360 complete…

18 Front Door


20 When to call a Mayday Becoming trapped or entangled Cut off by fire
Cut off by collapse Falling through a floor or roof Being pinned SCBA failure in a hazardous environment Air supply is less than required to exit IDLH atmosphere. Firefighter down Becoming lost or disoriented, or losing a member of your crew. Anytime a PASS device is fully activated and a PAR report confirms a member unaccounted for. Structural Collapse during interior firefighting which results in any of the above circumstances Any other life threatening condition not listed in the above-specified conditions.

21 How to call a Mayday U – Unit Calling C - Conditions A – Actions
Most of us originally learned LUNAR UCAAN-P U – Unit Calling C - Conditions A – Actions A – Air N - Needs P – Pass (Initiated by the Incident Commander)

Once a MAYDAY transmission occurs, there are a number of steps that need to happen. Hold all radio traffic for the firefighter MAYDAY All units on scene maintain radio discipline Stay OFF the radio – emergency traffic only

23 MAYDAY Command Responsibilities
Activate a RIC (On Deck Crew) based on the needs of the firefighter in trouble Notification to PSJC “All call” tones Dispatch “Mayday Assignment” an additional engine, tanker, squad, and ambulance IC will add additional Command Aides to assist with incident management

24 Command Operations cont.
PAR check Do not flood the interior with resources – send only what is required Assign Division supervisors to manage units in the hazard zone Support firefighting operations

25 Mayday Scenarios Mayday called on the Tactical channel and acknowledged by the IC Mayday called on the tactical channel and not acknowledged by the IC Mayday called on the tactical frequency to the first arriving IC (apparatus operator) Mayday called on the main frequency Situation with no radio

26 Things that came from the Bret Tarver incident
Tarver Video Things that came from the Bret Tarver incident

27 Tarver Lessons Learned
Phoenix Fire conducted Mayday research over a span of 5 years ( ) Radio Traffic was overwhelming once a Mayday was transmitted Multiple radio channels were ineffective and left firefighters disconnected from operations Rescues were being done from the outside/in rather than inside/out When incidents are out of balance = more freelancing

28 RIT is not Rapid Brett Tarver, Phoenix Fire Department
53 minutes from Mayday call to recovery Why is calling an early Mayday important? Because we are all the same Aggressive in nature Hate to lose Think we can overcome any situation Don’t want to admit defeat

29 Not calling the Mayday…

30 Air Management "Our life expectancy inside a structure fire is limited to the air we carry on our backs.“ Alan Brunacini, Fire Chief (ret.), Phoenix FD Air Conservation RIT Time (minutes) Task 22.5 4,500 psi bottle 2.47 Establish a RIT Team 2.55 Entry after a Mayday is called 21.8 Rescue a Firefighter 16-18 Structural collapse Personnel 12:1 Firefighters to complete a rescue

31 Radios Apparatus Radios Officer Radios

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