Presentation on theme: "Adolescence (( Adolescence"— Presentation transcript:
1Adolescence (( Adolescence Period between normal onset of puberty to thebeginning of adulthood.- *In pre-industrial societies, people passed this stage inlife after performing necessary puberty rites.*In U.S. adolescence didn’t exist before the Civil War!· Anticipatory socialization- adolescent preparing to take on new adult rolesAdolescence((
2Puberty- physical maturing that makes an individual capable of sexual reproduction. Puberty rites (men & women)differ from society to societyaverage age is 13yrs. oldExamples:· Demonstrations of strength and endurance (simulation)· Ritual filing of the teeth (volunteer)Tattooing or scarring of the body (powerpoint)
3There are 3 factors that make adolescence a life stage: 1. Education- students living at home whilein collegeExclusion of youth in the workforce- childlabor lawsDevelopment of the juvenile justice system-different sentencing guidelines based on ageEx. Lee Boyd Malvo- 16 yr. old sniper
5Biological Growth & Development Puberty is universalEndocrine system- hormone-producing glandsSpurts in height & weight in short amount of timePimples! 80% of adolescents have acne- results in anxiety/embarrassment
6Undefined status- some adults treat teenagers like adults, some treat them like children Marriage at w/o parental consent in U.S.Voting age- 18Drinking age- 21Driver’s LicenseService in Armed Forces- 18
7Increased Decision Making What courses should I take in school?What sports should I play?What car/job should I have?College, tech school, take a year off, work for the family?Choosing a mate & career- MAJOR decision!
8Increased Pressure Relationships with family and friends Job- finding one, keeping one, juggling school work/grades, scheduling free timeTeenagers want to fit in:Parental curfewstrue friends or not?Advertisements to lure teens into brandname clothes, certain music, movies, etc.
16Dating is NOT universal! Teenagers and DatingDating is NOT universal!Dating didn’t exist before WWI- it was called courting.CourtingVery few dates with the person you chose to marry!If left alone in a room, one foot had to be on the floor& the door always open.
174 forms of dating Recreation Socialization Attain status Fulfill psychological needsList at least 20 recreational activities to do on a date! Keep it clean!
18Dating Patterns Traditional (up to 1960) Male to female contact Visible sign of commitmentCertain times of the week to make plans for the weekendContemporaryBoth contact each otherGroup friendship at firstParents don’t have as much control
20For many of the Old Order Amish young people, pairing up begins at Sunday evening singings. The boy will take the girl home in his buggy. The couple is secretive about their courtship. Several days to two weeks before the wedding, the couple is published in church and their intentions to marry are made known. Weddings are in November, or at the very latest in early December. That's after the busy fall harvesting season is over. Weddings are on Tuesdays or Thursdays-the least busy days of the week on an Amish farm. The wedding is held at the home of the bride and the sermon and ceremony will last about four hours. Weddings usually begin at 8:30 a.m. There are no kisses, rings, photography, flowers or caterers. There are usually 200 or more guests. After the wedding there is a dinner of chicken, filling, mashed potatoes, gravy, ham, canned fruit, plus many cookies, cakes and pies.
21Was used to set the time a gentleman caller could spend courting a young girl. The girl's father would light and raise or lower the candle the height he felt appropriate as the courter arrived. If the father thought the young man was a good prospect for his daughter, the candle was set high. On the other hand, if he disapproved, he made sure the candle was set very low. Everyone knew that when the candle burned down to the top of the candleholder, it was time to say goodnight.
22Amish Case Study (2001) Community records: Out of 200 Amish members, there hasn’t been one divorce! Question: Maybe our societal views on dating should change to lower our devastating divorce rate- which is 1.5 out of 2 marriages in 2005 ended!
23Casual (recreation/amusement) Steady (no interest in anyone else) Stages of datingCasual (recreation/amusement)Steady (no interest in anyone else)Engagement (ring and a date)MarriageSequence of datingDegree of commitment increases w/ each stage(boyfriend/girlfriend)Stages may be skipped (love at first site?)Can be stopped at any time (runaway bride)
24How did the Industrial Revolution change courting in the U.S.? Cars- easier to communicate (neighbors)Males no longer on farms- becomeindependent, workplace acquaintancesCreation of co-ed public school systemEstablishment of child labor laws allowsfor more “free time”5. Women in the workforce in the 1920’s!
26Willard Waller- (Penn State) sociologist that studied dating people. He made a bold conclusion that dating had little to do with mate selection and more to do with having fun!THENTODAYMother/Father of mychildrenInheritance is sizablePopularity & good looksFalse sense of tremendous wealthEducation
27ANSWER:Homogomy- individuals marry people who have social characteristics similar to their ownCinderella is afairy tale!
33What's the problem?The U.S. teenage pregnancy rate is 5x that of Germany, Japan, or France.
34Background to the social problem: In the 1960’s, the Sexual Revolution happened and the Birth Control Pill was developed.Love-Inns & Swinging parties were common.STAT:In % of TV programs had sexual material in the scriptTV Censorship timeline
35Reasons for early sexual activity: Socio and economical factors2 parents & high income- lowest rateSingle parent & low income- highest rateReligious participationDrug use & peer pressure
36Consequences of early sexual activity: Teenage mothers become drop-outsTeenage mothers have lower paying jobsChildren of teenagers have more learning difficultiesChildren of teenagers have a higher rate of becoming teenage parents themselvesSTAT: Over 10% of mothers are teenagers!
39Harrison Narcotic Act (1914)- outlawed heroin and cocaine for recreational or medicinal purposes Extreme mood swingsIncrease in criminal activitiesCrack cocaine is #1 drug in gang violenceMarijuana- leading drug in high schoolsCigarettes- 20% of teenagers are addicted to nicotine by the age of 17Alcohol abuse by teens has decreased slightly in the past decade
44Best resource for suicide information: Center for Disease and ControlDisclaimer: Suicides stats. are often wrong.Many are reported as accidents(single-car/no brake marks) or drug overdoses.Predictors:Alcohol and/or drug use- Why?1. Low level of self-control2. Use it as a method to commit suicide3. Easily frustrated & more likely to act on impulse
45More predictors cont.-Triggering Events- unwanted pregnancy, poor grades, family crisis, loss/rejection of an important personAge- 3rd leading cause of death among peopleaged 15-24(1. Accidents 2. Homicides)Gender- Females are 3x more likely to attemptsuicide but fail (pills/superficial cuts)Males more likely to succeed b/c theyuse weapons
46Suicide predictors cont.- Family Relations- violence in the home, intense marital conflicts, recent loss of parent due to divorce or death.*Suicide is more common in families whose parent/sshow rejection or hostility towards their children.*Population Density- under populated areas have a higher suicide rate b/c there are fewer social services and more social isolationGeographically, fewer suicides happen where?East coast, West coast or Midwest?Western
47Social Factors that affect suicide rates: Cluster Effect- one suicide often leads to a COPYCAT suicide within a community. The news acts like a fuse with already unstable teens.Social Factors that affect suicide rates:Emile Durkheim (1897)- famous for the most comprehensive case study of suicide to date!He wanted to know why some groups within a society have higher suicide rates then others. He concluded this:It depends on the their level of social integration.
48Social Integration- the degree of attachment one has to a social group or society. Eskimos in GreenlandIn many societies, primarily nomadic or very poor ones, it is not uncommon that old members of the tribe will commit suicide to avoid continuing life as weak and pitiable creatures that are a burden on their community. Among the Eskimos, such motives appeared to be quite frequent, and a person might be placed in a kayak on the ocean to sail toward the sunrise, or be left behind in the wilderness. Last recorded caseOpposite ends of the spectrum; if you place your groups’ needs above your own because you are very socially integrated- you have an increased risk.
50People w/ low levels of social integration have the highest rate of suicide. What groups are you involved in?Rates also increase during periods of social disorganizationExamples: natural disasters, war, sudden change in economic conditions