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Rels: 205 Lecture 2.2 Religious and Secular Traditions.

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Presentation on theme: "Rels: 205 Lecture 2.2 Religious and Secular Traditions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Rels: 205 Lecture 2.2 Religious and Secular Traditions

2 Lecture Outline for Part One of Rels Week 2 Lecture 1 Ritual and the Study of Religion Lecture 2 Religious and Secular Traditions Week 3 Lecture 1 Sacral Sentiments Lecture 2 The meaning of myth Week 4 Lecture 1 Arguments for Belief in God Lecture 2 Traditional Christianity Week 5 Lecture 1 Changing Worldviews Lecture 2 Review Week 6 Reading Week Week 7 Lecture 1 First in class test

3 Robert Burns ( ) A Man’s a Man for A' That

4 A Man's a Man for A' That Is there for honesty poverty That hings his head, an' a' that; The coward slave - we pass him by, We dare be poor for a' that! For a' that, an' a' that, Our toils obscure an' a' that, The rank is but the guinea's stamp, The man's the gowd for a' that. The honest man, tho' e'er sae poor, Is king o' men for a' that.

5 Then let us pray that come it may, (As come it will for a' that,) That Sense and Worth, o'er a' the earth, Shall bear the gree, an' a' that. For a' that, an' a' that, That man to man, the world o'er, Shall brithers be for a' that.

6 Western Views of Time I Jacques-Louis David ( ) The Oath of the Horatio -1784

7 Western Views of Time II Joseph Turner ( ) Rain, damp, wind, and the Great Western Train

8 Western Views of Time III Past Future

9 The Significance of Rome

10 The Influence of Rome Porta Negra, Trier

11 The Influence of Rome II The Basilica, Trier Approx. 300

12 The Influence of Rome III Aqueduct, France

13 The Importance of Concrete Joseph Aspdin ( ) 1824

14 Sehnsucht

15 The Lost Empire Charles the Great – Charlemagne ( )

16 The Empire Reborn Napoleon Bonaparte I ( )

17 Sense of decline Rome

18 The American Ideal Thomas Jefferson ( ) Benjamin Franklin ( ) George Washington ( )

19 Classical Culture

20 Recreating Rome

21 Schauspielhaus

22 Classical Culture Altes Museum complex 1815

23 Schloßbrucke

24 The Triumph of Christianity

25 The Triumph of the Church Michelangelo Caravaggio, ( )

26 The blood of the Saints … Albrecht Altdorfer ( ) Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian –

27 … the seed of the Church. Anthony van Dyck ( ) The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian – early C17

28 The Conversion of Rome Piero della Francesca (1410/ ) The Battle at Mivo Bridge 1452–1466

29 In this sign conquer Piero della Francesca, 1452–1466

30 Constantine the Great ( )

31 The Ages of Faith Bede ( ) Augustine ( )

32 Anselm and Alcuin Anselm ( ) Alcuin ( )

33 The High Middle Ages Thomas Aquinas (1225/7-1274)

34 Luther and Bunyan Martin Luther ( ) John Bunyan ( )

35 Christianity Triumphant

36 The Enlightenment

37 Friedrich, II, the Great of Prussia ( ) The Age of Enlightenment

38 Schloss Sanssouci Without care

39 The Age of Reason Sans Souci, Potsdam ( ) Frederick the Great - Friedrich der Grosse ( )

40 Friedrich the Great ( )

41 Frederick and Voltaire

42 Chinese Tea House - San Souci

43 San Souci Park

44

45 Classical Ideal

46 Schloss Charlottenburg

47 The European Enlightenment Catherine the Great ( ) Frederick the Great Friedrich der Grosse ( ) Voltaire David Hume ( )

48 The American Enlightenment Thomas Jefferson ( ) Benjamin Franklin ( ) George Washington ( )

49 Immanuel Kant ( )

50 Kant on Enlightenment Enlightenment is the flight of human beings from self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the refusal of people to take responsibility and use their own understanding without the help of another … What is Enlightenment (1784)

51 The Impact of Technology

52 The New Future The FutureThe Future Joseph Turner – The Train ( )

53 Triumph of Technology

54 Technological Progress over the centuries I 400 BC-400 AD The Greco- Roman World Little or no innovation, e.g. agriculture, writing BC Little or no innovation, e.g. spur, and compass. The real “Dark Ages” Considerable Innovation – e.g. concrete, and windmills Pre-history

55 Technological Progress over the centuries II The early modern world Little or no innovation Birth of Modern technology e.g. chemical and electrical machines. The real “Dark Ages”: Post-Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation and pre-modern world. Modern world

56 Modern Times Adolf Friedrich Menzel ( )

57 The Modern Age

58 Technological Dominance

59 Time Reconsidered Past Future

60 Devaluing the Past

61 Belief in Miracles Simple peasants El Greco 1570 Rembrant 1633

62 A question of faith? El Greco – 1570 ( )

63 Simple peasants Rembrant – 1633 (

64 A Scientific Impossibility Marco dal Pino

65 The “Dark Ages” Tom Paine Thomas Aquinas Mainz Dom Socrates ( BC) Aristotle ( BC)

66 Time and the Secular Tradition

67 His Excellency Johan Wolfgang von Goethe ( )

68 Poet, Author, Scientist

69 Goethe in Campagna (1787) Johann Tischbein ( )

70 European roots Rome Greece Egypt

71 Egyptian Obelisk

72 Greek figures?

73 Roman arches

74 What is missing?

75 Judeo-Christian Influences

76 The New Future

77 Loss of faith and the rise of new religions Tom Paine ( ) Ludwig Feuerbach ( ) Voltarie

78 New Religions timeline 1800 Christian 1870 Eastern 1900 Scientific 1850 Neo-Pagan

79 Peter F. Drucker ( ) The End of Economic Man – 1939 The New Realities – 1989

80 Drucker’s autobiography Adventures of a Bystander – 1979

81 Our Post-Modern World Traditional Societies The Enlightenment The Modern Post-Modern Era Our World Post-Colonial

82 Our Post-European World Traditional Societies Peace of Westphalia 1648 European Era Post- European Era Independence of India 1948

83 The European Era Traditional Societies Peace of Westphalia European Era Independence of India


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