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Rels 205 Lecture 4.2 Sacral Sentiments. Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)

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Presentation on theme: "Rels 205 Lecture 4.2 Sacral Sentiments. Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Rels 205 Lecture 4.2 Sacral Sentiments

2 Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)

3 Schlieremacher’s Church

4 Key Works Speeches on Religion to its Cultural Despisers(1799) The Christian Faith (1821)

5 Ideas 1)Nature of Religion 2) Religion not a science … original and characteristic possession of religion, it resigns, at once, all claims on anything that belongs either to science or morality …

6 What is Religion? … religion is essentially contemplative … The contemplation of the pious is the immediate consciousness of the universal existence of all finite things, in and through the Infinite …

7 An Affection Yet religion is not knowledge and science, either of the world or of God. Without being knowledge, it recognises knowledge and science. In itself it is an affection, a revelation of the Infinite in the finite, God being seen in it and it in God...

8 A Sacral Sentiment Sentiments, feelings, or emotions, that evoke and/or express a sense of the sacred.

9 Casper David Friedrich (1774-1840) Romanticism and Sacral Sentiments

10 Absolute Dependence But the self-consciousness which accompanies all our activities … is itself precisely a consciousness of absolute dependence …

11 The Sacred The sacred is that which is set apart, the Holy, as opposed to the secular or profane world of everyday life. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917

12 “Set apart” - Sacred actions

13 Set apart - pollution

14 Rudolf Otto (1869-1937) Professor at the University of Marburg

15 The Idea of the Holy (1923) 1923

16 The Holy Arnold Friberg (b. 1913) Exodus 3. Cf. Ezekiel 1-2

17 Natural Revelation Romans 1.19 “For all that may be known of God lies plain before their eyes …” Romans 1. 21 “… knowing God they did not worship Him as God …”

18 Anselm (1033-1109) Archbishop of Canterbury

19 Plato (427-347 B.C.)

20 Idealism „Bear“

21 Romanesque

22 Ontological Argument God is that Being “than which nothing greater can be conceived. @ Since existence is greater than non- existence, the greatest conceivable being must of necessity exist. Therefore God exists necessarily.

23 Thomas Aquinas (1224/27-1274)

24 Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)

25 Empiricism „Bear“

26 Gothic

27 The Five Ways of St. Thomas Aquinas Cosmological 1 - causation Cosmological 2 - motion Teleological Moral Aesthetic

28 John Pearson (1613-1686) Anglican clergyman and theologian. He was successively Master of Jesus College and Trinity College, Cambridge, and was the Lady Margaret professor of divinity at Cambridge University. In 1672 he became the Bishop of Chester. An Exposition of the Creed (1659)

29 Pearson in Cambridge and Chester

30 Sociology of belief “Roman armies … met with atheism nowhere... they showed no nation was without God.” Peter Berger Rumor of Angels Rodney Stark

31 Acceptance of miracles “If then any action be performed which is not within the compass of the power of any natural agent... it must be ascribed to a cause transcending all natural causes …”

32 William Paley(1743 ‑ 1805)

33 Carlisle

34 Paley’s Argument Refined teleological argument: In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer … But suppose I found a watch upon the ground …

35 … crossing a heath …

36 … see a stone …

37 … found a watch …

38 Examine the watch

39 A mechanism …

40 Man made …

41 Analogy – the universe An intelligent design = a creator Prof. John Leslie

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