Key Works Speeches on Religion to its Cultural Despisers(1799) The Christian Faith (1821)
Ideas 1)Nature of Religion 2) Religion not a science … original and characteristic possession of religion, it resigns, at once, all claims on anything that belongs either to science or morality …
What is Religion? … religion is essentially contemplative … The contemplation of the pious is the immediate consciousness of the universal existence of all finite things, in and through the Infinite …
An Affection Yet religion is not knowledge and science, either of the world or of God. Without being knowledge, it recognises knowledge and science. In itself it is an affection, a revelation of the Infinite in the finite, God being seen in it and it in God...
A Sacral Sentiment Sentiments, feelings, or emotions, that evoke and/or express a sense of the sacred.
Casper David Friedrich (1774-1840) Romanticism and Sacral Sentiments
Absolute Dependence But the self-consciousness which accompanies all our activities … is itself precisely a consciousness of absolute dependence …
The Sacred The sacred is that which is set apart, the Holy, as opposed to the secular or profane world of everyday life. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917
Ontological Argument God is that Being “than which nothing greater can be conceived. @ Since existence is greater than non- existence, the greatest conceivable being must of necessity exist. Therefore God exists necessarily.
The Five Ways of St. Thomas Aquinas Cosmological 1 - causation Cosmological 2 - motion Teleological Moral Aesthetic
John Pearson (1613-1686) Anglican clergyman and theologian. He was successively Master of Jesus College and Trinity College, Cambridge, and was the Lady Margaret professor of divinity at Cambridge University. In 1672 he became the Bishop of Chester. An Exposition of the Creed (1659)
Paley’s Argument Refined teleological argument: In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer … But suppose I found a watch upon the ground …