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RELS. 205 Review of the course so far. Preparing for Doomsday Your first test or whichever comes first Read ahead Remember.

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Presentation on theme: "RELS. 205 Review of the course so far. Preparing for Doomsday Your first test or whichever comes first Read ahead Remember."— Presentation transcript:

1 RELS. 205 Review of the course so far

2 Preparing for Doomsday Your first test or whichever comes first http://www.ucalgary.ca/~hexham/ Read ahead Remember to read the Smart and Welbourn papers Keep checking – new questions will be added

3 The Study of Religion “Snub-nosed are the Imortals, and black,” say the Ethiopians “No” the Thracians answer, “red-haired with eyes of grey.” If oxen, or lions or horses had hands like men, they too … Would shape in their own image, each face and form divine … Xenophanes (570-480 B.C.)

4 Religious Studies as a response to social change Ninian Smart (1927-2001) Founded the first Department of Religious Studies in Britain in 1967 at the University of Lancaster in response to new immigrants from India

5 “He who knows one, knows none” Friedrich Max Müller (1823-1900)

6 Christianity 2.1 billion Buddhism 374,000,000 Chinese religions 394,000,000 Christianity 2.1 billion Islam 1.2 billion Sikhs 23,000,000 Jews 14,000,000 Mormons 10,000,000 African 100,000,000 World Religions 2005 Hinduism 9.000,000

7 The Christian Vision of Religious Studies

8 What is Christianity? Christianity is a system of inter-related beliefs. James Orr (1844-1913) (1893)

9 The Christian System Redemption Creation Fall

10 God’s instructions to humans Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472-1553) Adam and Eve in Paradise (1530) Genesis 2-3

11 Understanding Historic Christianity EARLYCHURCHEARLYCHURCH Coptic, Syriac, Indian, and other smaller traditions Eastern Orthodoxy – Greek, Russian, etc. Roman Catholicism Protestantism Charismatic Movement Nestorians etc. African and other Christian Movements

12 Anselm (1033-1109) Archbishop of Canterbury

13 Thomas Aquinas (1224/27-1274)

14 How do we know? Natural Revelation “For all that may be known of God lies plain before their eyes … knowing God they did not worship Him as God …” Romans 1.19-21 Thomas Aquinas (1224/27-1274 )

15 The Five Ways of St. Thomas Aquinas Cosmological 1 - causation Cosmological 2 - motion Teleological Moral Aesthetic

16 An Exposition of the Creed

17 John Pearson (1613-1686) Anglican clergyman and theologian. He was successively Master of Jesus College and Trinity College, Cambridge, and was the Lady Margaret professor of divinity at Cambridge University. In 1672 he became the Bishop of Chester. An Exposition of the Creed (1659)

18 William Paley(1743 ‑ 1805)

19 Paley ’ s watch

20 Examine the watch

21 The European Enlightenment Catherine the Great (1729-1796) Sophia Augusta Frederika of Anhalt-Zerbst Frederick the Great Friedrich der Grosse (1712-1786) Voltaire 1694-1778 David Hume (1711-1776)

22 David Hume 1711-1776

23 World like a Ship

24 Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)

25 Casper David Friedrich (1774-1840) Romanticism and Sacral Sentiments

26 Revelation in Buddhism Enlightenment comes from within

27 The Idea of the Holy (1923) 1923

28 Western Views of Time I 1780-1830 Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) The Oath of the Horatio -1784

29 The Roman Ideal Hadrian 73 -138 AD

30 The Influence of Rome II The Basilica, Trier Approx. 300

31 European roots Rome Greece Egypt

32 Technological Progress over the centuries 1780-1830 The early modern world Little or no innovation 400-1775 Birth of Modern technology e.g. chemical and electrical machines. The real “Dark Ages”: Post-Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, Reformation and pre-modern world. Modern world

33 Time Reconsidered Past Future 1780-1830

34 The “Dark Ages” Tom Paine Thomas Aquinas Mainz Dom Socrates (470-399 BC) Aristotle (384-322 BC)

35 Religious Institutions Church Sect Denomination Cult Revitalization Movement

36 The Church Theologically “Church” is used to designate the community of believers. Max Weber (1846-1920)

37 Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834)

38 Key Works Speeches on Religion to its Cultural Despisers(1799) The Christian Faith (1821)

39 Casper David Friedrich (1774-1840) Romanticism and Sacral Sentiments

40 The Idea of the Holy (1923) 1923

41 What do we mean by "myth"? “It’s a myth. Santa does not exist.”

42 Myth and Mystification Mircea Eliade (1907-1986)

43 Myth in Anthropology Bronislaw Malinowski, (1884-1942). "Myth in Primitive Psychology," in Magic, Science and Religion, (1954:96-111).

44 Myth defined: A story with culturally formative power that functions to direct the life and thought of individuals, groups or societies.


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