Presentation on theme: "4 TYPES OF CAMERAS PHOTO II Mrs. Kampf. View Camera Built like an accordion with the lens at front and viewing screen at back. Lens moves forwards and."— Presentation transcript:
4 TYPES OF CAMERAS PHOTO II Mrs. Kampf
View Camera Built like an accordion with the lens at front and viewing screen at back. Lens moves forwards and backwards to focus.
View Camera first developed in the era of the daguerreotype (1840s-'50s) Light comes directly through the lens to the viewing screen Photographers sees exactly what will be on the negative Grid for composition Reversed and upside down Sheet film (large format)
View Camera (ADVANTAGES) Photographer will see exactly what will be on the negative No parallax error Viewing screen is very large Film size is also large Sharp detail in large pictures
Parallax error Viewfinder and lens see two different things.
View Camera (DISADVANTAGES) Bulky Must use tripod Image projected on viewing screen is not very bright Cloth over head Image appears upside down and reversed on the viewing screen
(1870 – 1960) Two lenses with same focal length One of the lenses is the photographic objective or "taking lens" (the lens that takes the picture), while the other is used for the viewfinder system, which is usually viewed from above at waist level Twin Lens Reflex
Twin Lens Reflex Uses a fixed mirror to reflect upward onto viewing screen 120 mm film (roll)
Twin Lens Reflex (ADVANTAGES) Simple, rugged construction Quiet operation Convenient accurate composition
Twin Lens Reflex (DISADVANTAGES) Parallax error Cumbersome for candid work Lenses are not interchangeable
Viewfinder/Rangefinder 1930s to 1970s 35 mm roll film Separate viewing and picture taking lenses
Viewfinder/Rangefinder (ADVANTAGES) Inexpensive Smallest and simplest to operate No moving parts to break down Excellent focusing and at low light levels
Viewfinder/Rangefinder (DISADVANTAGES) Parallax error (different viewing and picture taking lenses) Useless for carefully composed close up work Images are small and difficult to focus.
Single Lens Reflex – today Uses a mirror and prism to view through the picture taking lens Uses the lens for composing and focusing. Best way to take a photo. No reversed or inversed image 35 mm roll film Change lenses
Single Lens Reflex 1976 to 1997
Single Lens Reflex (ADVANTAGES) Mirror and prism allows photographer to compose picture through the camera lens No parallax error Easily and quickly focused Works well with all lenses
Single Lens Reflex (DISADVANTAGES) Heavier and less compact More complex parts so more liable to break down Noisy (because of moving mirror) Finding the critical point of focus under poor lighting conditions is often difficult.