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Wordlist 8 Giving Nature a Hand مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی.

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Presentation on theme: "Wordlist 8 Giving Nature a Hand مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wordlist 8 Giving Nature a Hand مرکز مطالعات و توسعه آموزش علوم پزشکی

2 1. Advocate (v.) Definition: to publicly support or suggest an idea, development or way of doing something Synonym: support, advise, prescribe Example: She advocates taking a more long-term view. Word Family: ad·vo·ca·tive, adjective ad·vo·ca·tor, noun non·ad·vo·cate, noun pre·ad·vo·cate, noun

3 2. Aid (n.) D efinition: a piece of equipment that helps you to do something Synonym: assistant Example: teaching aids, such as books and videos Word Family: aid·er, noun aid·ful, adjective aid·less, adjective un·aid·ed, adjective un·aid·ed·ly, adverb

4 3. Alternative (adj.) Definition: affording a choice of two or more things, propositions, or cour ses of action. Synonym: substitute Example: an alternative route Word Family: al·ter·na·tive·ly, adverb al·ter·na·tive·ness, al·ter·na·tiv·i·ty, noun qua·si-al·ter·na·tive, adjective qua·si-al·ter·na·tive·ly, adverb

5 4. Ancestor (n.) Definition: a person related to you who lived a long time ago Synonym: forefather, predecessor Example: There were portraits of his ancestors on the walls of the room. Word Family:

6 5. Burial (n.) Definition: the act of putting a dead body into the ground, or the ceremony connected with this Synonym: funeral, entombment Example: We went back to Ireland for my uncle's burial. Word Family: re·bur·i·al, noun

7 6. Combine (v.) Definition: to (cause to) exist together, or join together to make a single thing or group Synonym: amalgamate, merge, unite Example: None of us has much money so let's combine what we've got. Word Family: com·bin·er, noun in·ter·com·bine, verb (used with object), in·ter·com·bined, in·ter·com·bin·i ng. non·com·bin·ing, adjective pre·com·bine, verb, pre·com·bined, pre·com·bin·ing. re·com·bine, verb, re·com·bined, re·com·bin·ing.

8 7. Component (n.) Definition: a part which combines with other parts to form something bigger Synonym: part, element, ingredient, section Example: The factory supplies electrical components for cars. Word Family: com·po·nen·tial, adjective com·po·nent·ed, adjective sub·com·po·nent, noun

9 8. Confine (v.) Definition: to limit an activity, person or problem in some way Synonym: limit, restrict Example: Let's confine our discussion to the matter in question, please! Word Family: con·fin·a·ble, con·fine·a·ble, adjective con·fine·less, adjective con·fin·er, noun non·con·fin·ing, adjective pre·con·fine, verb (used with object), pre·con·fined, pre·con·fin·ing.

10 9. Discrimination (n.) Definition: an act or instance of discriminating, or of making a distinction. Synonym: differentiation, distinction Example: His sharp ears has a great discrimination power. Word Family: dis·crim·i·na·tion·al, adjective an·ti·dis·crim·i·na·tion, adjective non·dis·crim·i·na·tion, noun pre·dis·crim·i·na·tion, noun self-dis·crim·i·na·tion, noun

11 10. Distant (adj) Definition: far away Synonym: far, remote Example: She could hear the distant sound of fireworks exploding. Word Family: dis·tant·ly, adverb dis·tant·ness, noun o·ver·dis·tant, adjective o·ver·dis·tant·ly, adverb qua·si-dis·tant, adjective

12 11. Eliminate (v.) Definition: to remove or take away Synonym: remove, get rid of, wipe out Example: A move towards healthy eating could help eliminate heart disease. Word Family: e·lim·i·na·tive, adjective non·e·lim·i·na·tive, adjective pre·e·lim·i·nate, verb (used with object), pre·e·lim·i·nat·ed, pre· e·lim·i·nat·ing. un·e·lim·i·nat·ed, adjective

13 12. Evaluation (n.) Definition: to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount or value of something Synonym: assessment, judgment Example: We shall need to evaluate how the new material stands up to wear and tear. Word Family: mis·e·val·u·a·tion, noun non·e·val·u·a·tion, noun o·ver·e·val·u·a·tion, noun re·e·val·u·a·tion, noun self-e·val·u·a·tion, noun

14 13. Exploration (n.) Definition: when you search and find out about something Synonym: investigation, study, inquiry Example: The exploration for new sources of energy is vital for the future of our planet. Word Family: re·ex·plo·ra·tion, noun

15 14. Impose (v.) Definition: to officially force a rule, tax, punishment, etc. to be obeyed or received Synonym: force, thrust, inflict Example: Very high taxes have recently been imposed on cigarettes. Word Family: im·pos·a·ble, adjective im·pos·er, noun o·ver·im·pose, verb (used with object), o·ver·im·posed, o·ver·im·pos· ing. pre·im·pose, verb (used with object), pre·im·posed, pre·im·pos·ing. re·im·pose, verb, re·im·posed, re·im·pos·ing.

16 15. Improve (v.) Definition: to (cause something to) get better Synonym: advance, progress, develop Example: He did a lot to improve conditions for factory workers. Word Family: im·prov·a·ble, adjective im·prov·a·bil·i·ty, im·prov·a·ble·ness, noun im·prov·a·bly, adverb im·prov·ing·ly, adverb pre·im·prove, verb (used with object), pre·im·proved, pre·im·prov·in g.

17 16. Inconvenience (n.) Definition: a state or an example of problems or trouble, which often causes a delay or loss of comfort Synonym: trouble, problem, Example: We apologize for any inconvenience caused by the late arrival of the train. Word Family: un·in·con·ven·ienced, adjective

18 17. Objective (n.) Definition: something which you plan to do or achieve Synonym: aim, intention, target Example: Her main/prime objective now is simply to stay in power. Word Family: ob·jec·tive·ly, adverb ob·jec·tive·ness, noun pre·ob·jec·tive, adjective qua·si-ob·jec·tive, adjective qua·si-ob·jec·tive·ly, adverb

19 18. Opt for (v.) Definition: do something instead of other things Synonym: choose, prefer Example: Most of the people opt for bicycles nowadays. Word Family:

20 19.Proportion (n.) Definition: the number or amount of a group or part of something when compared to the whole Synonym: portion, amount, quantity Example: Children make up a large proportion of the world's population. Word Family: pro·por·tion·er, noun pro·por·tion·less, adjective mis·pro·por·tion, noun re·pro·por·tion, verb (used with object) su·per·pro·por·tion, noun

21 20. Sum (n.) Definition: an amount of money Synonym: amount, quantity, volume Example: Huge sums of money are spent on national defense. Word Family: sum·less, adjective sum·less·ness, noun out·sum, verb (used with object), out·summed, out·sum·ming.

22 21. Suspend (v.) Definition: to hang by attachment to something above. Synonym: hang, sling, swing Example: to suspend a chandelier from the ceiling. Word Family: sus·pend·i·ble, adjective sus·pend·i·bil·i·ty, noun non·sus·pend·ed, adjective pre·sus·pend, verb (used with object) re·sus·pend, verb

23 22. Voluntary (adj.) Definition: done, made or given willingly, without being forced or paid to do it Synonym: optional, discretionary, non-compulsory Example: They chose to take voluntary redundancy. Word Family: vol·un·tar·i·ly, adverb vol·un·tar·i·ness, noun non·vol·un·tar·y, adjective sem·i·vol·un·tar·y, adjective un·vol·un·tar·i·ly, adverb

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