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Geospatial – Force Multiplier for Modern Warfare A soldier’s perspective LT GEN ANIL CHAIT, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC COMD & CONT SENSOR SHOOTER.

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Presentation on theme: "Geospatial – Force Multiplier for Modern Warfare A soldier’s perspective LT GEN ANIL CHAIT, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC COMD & CONT SENSOR SHOOTER."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geospatial – Force Multiplier for Modern Warfare A soldier’s perspective LT GEN ANIL CHAIT, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC COMD & CONT SENSOR SHOOTER

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4 MODERN WARFARE- CONTOURS & MANIFESTATION Conflict executed by either state and / or non-state threats that employs multiple modes of warfare to include conventional capabilities, irregular tactics, and criminal disorder IRREGULAR FOREIGN COUNTER TERRORISM UNCONVENTIONAL COUNTER INSURGENCY STABILITY OPERATIONS IRREGULAR FOREIGN COUNTER TERRORISM UNCONVENTIONAL COUNTER INSURGENCY STABILITY OPERATIONS HYBRID CONVENTIONAL IRREGULAR CRIMINALITY CYBER HYBRID CONVENTIONAL IRREGULAR CRIMINALITY CYBER REGULAR STATE –ON-STATE CONFLICT REGULAR STATE –ON-STATE CONFLICT

5 CONTRASTING CONVENTIONAL AND IRREGULAR WARFARE CONVENTIONAL + IRREGULAR + TERRORISTS + CRIMINALS CONVENTIONAL + IRREGULAR + TERRORISTS + CRIMINALS TRANS AND INTRA STATE WARFARE COEXIST DIVIDING THEM INTO NEAT DISTINCTION WILL GIVE US DEDUCTIVE AND INDUCTIVE ERRORS IN UNDERSTANDING HYBRID WAR

6 HYBRID WARFARE CONSTRUCT Conventional Terrorism Irregular Criminality INTERCONNECTED, UNPREDICTABLE, COMBINED WITH TRADITIONAL, MIXED WITH IRREGULAR, APPLIED SIMULTANEOUSLY & ADAPTIVELY, IN TIME AND SPACE

7 TWENTY FIRST CENTURY LANDSCAPE IMPACT ON USE OF FORCE & CHANGING CHARACTER OF WARFARE LANDSCAPE -LIMITED WAR. -WAR BY OTHER MEANS. -SHORT NOTICE, DURATION, HIGH TEMPO & INTENSITY. -NCW, INCREASED BATTLEFIELD TRANSPARENCY (BFT). - NON-LINEAR CONDUCT OF OPERATIONS. -INCREASED DEGRADATION OF THE ENEMY. -INFORMATION WARFARE (IW) TECHNOLOGY & ASYMMETRIC WARFARE CAPABILITY. -OPERATIONS UNDER GLARE OF MEDIA. -FORCE OPTION PROVING LESS COST EFFECTIVE. LANDSCAPE -LIMITED WAR. -WAR BY OTHER MEANS. -SHORT NOTICE, DURATION, HIGH TEMPO & INTENSITY. -NCW, INCREASED BATTLEFIELD TRANSPARENCY (BFT). - NON-LINEAR CONDUCT OF OPERATIONS. -INCREASED DEGRADATION OF THE ENEMY. -INFORMATION WARFARE (IW) TECHNOLOGY & ASYMMETRIC WARFARE CAPABILITY. -OPERATIONS UNDER GLARE OF MEDIA. -FORCE OPTION PROVING LESS COST EFFECTIVE. CHANGE -FRONTIER TO REAR -AREA TO PEOPLE -NOTION OF VICTORY -DURING PEACE & HOSTILITY -TOTAL TO LIMITED WAR -CHANGE IN CONCEPT, PARADIGM AND COMPLEXITY OF DEF AND NATIONAL, REGIONAL & GLOBAL SECURITY CHANGE -FRONTIER TO REAR -AREA TO PEOPLE -NOTION OF VICTORY -DURING PEACE & HOSTILITY -TOTAL TO LIMITED WAR -CHANGE IN CONCEPT, PARADIGM AND COMPLEXITY OF DEF AND NATIONAL, REGIONAL & GLOBAL SECURITY SHIFT FROM DEFENCE TO SECURITY -FOR OPERATION IN HYBRID ENVIRONMENT FULL SPECTRUM OPERATIONS OPERATE IN INFORMATION DOMINATED WORLD EMPHASIS ON COGNITIVE DOMAIN WARRIOR TO SCHOLAR WARRIOR FROM ACTION MEN TO AN ADAPTIVE, REFLECTIVE, PROFESSIONAL SHIFT FROM DEFENCE TO SECURITY -FOR OPERATION IN HYBRID ENVIRONMENT FULL SPECTRUM OPERATIONS OPERATE IN INFORMATION DOMINATED WORLD EMPHASIS ON COGNITIVE DOMAIN WARRIOR TO SCHOLAR WARRIOR FROM ACTION MEN TO AN ADAPTIVE, REFLECTIVE, PROFESSIONAL

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9 Stand alone/ combination of state and non – state actors/ cells (loose/structured) Exploitation of cognitive and moral domains Calibrated mix of activities in stretched operational battle space ( both real and virtual) THREAT CHALLENGES

10 Stand alone/ combination of state and non – state actors/ cells (loose/structured) Exploitation of cognitive and moral domains Calibrated mix of activities in stretched operational battle space ( both real and virtual) THREAT Continuation by other means Conventional and /or unconventional Regular and /or irregular All five dimensions of the spectrum Generations of warfare Transcends geographic borders and organizational boundaries Global networks capable of exploitation SPECTRUM & Networks CHALLENGES

11 Stand alone/ combination of state and non – state actors/ cello (loose/structured) Exploitation of cognitive and moral domains. Calibrated mix of activities in stretched and virtual operational battle space ( both real and virtual) THREAT Continuation by other means Conventional and /or unconventional Regular and /or irregular All five dimensions of the spectrum Generations of warfare Transcends geographic borders and organizational boundaries Global networks capable of exploitation SPECTRUM & NETWORKS Ability to cope Generation of hardware Different formats- languages- op procedures. Porting of data in 3d & 4d (time) - speed, bandwidth, integration & interoperability. Integration of wide area motion imagery (WAMI) with full motion video(FMV) Individual inhibition to share /stovepipe security apparatus Cyber threats challenges DIGITAL BATTLE FIELDS CHALLENGES

12 Stand alone/ combination of state and non – state actors, albeit structured. Exploitation of cognitive and moral domains. Calibrated mix of activities in operational battle space. THREAT Continuation by other means Conventional and /or unconventional Regular and /or irregular All five dimensions of the spectrum Generations of warfare Transcends geographic borders and organizational boundaries Global networks capable of exploitation SPECTRUM & NETWORKS Ability to cope Generation of hardware Different formats- languages- op procedures. Porting of data in 3d & 4d (time) - speed, bandwidth, integration & interoperability. Integration of wide area motion imagery (WAMI) with full motion video(FMV) indl inhibition to share /stovepipe security apparatus Cyber threats challenges DIGITAL BATTLE FIELDS Leadership to establish/oversee framework Global commerce and commons impacted Time critical & environment susceptible to open flow of information Matching pace of technology with legal & regulatory structures Multi disciplinary force & commensurate skills shift from ownership to stewardship Public gaze driven by all pervasive global media resulting in ethical and moral policing ENVIRONMENT CHALLENGES

13 STATE No single approach to defense & security planning ( inspite of shift from state to individual security) Modification & expansion of conventional mind set ( shift from force on force – use of smart power ) Lacking of ” Whole of Govt” approach required – fusion & generation of national power for expected response FORCES More adaptive & responsive to conflicts – form, location, commitment & nature Capability to address hybrid threat while maintaining conventional edge Investment into intelligence, surveillance & recce assets particularly human RESPONSE MECHANISM AND CHALLENGES

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15 “ ( I ) spent half my military career in wondering what was on the other side of the hill ” - Duke of Wellington Ref: Intelligence Warfare, New York: Crescent Books 1987, Pg No 154 - 156

16 ENABLERS OF OPTIMISATION : STRATEGIC SPHERE GEOSPATIALGEOSPATIAL SERVICESSERVICES HARDWAREHARDWARE SOFT INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONSAPPLICATIONS INFO COG PHY COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL POWER

17 ENABLERS OF OPTIMISATION : GEOSPATIAL TECH GEOSPATIALGEOSPATIAL SERVICESSERVICES HARDWAREHARDWARE SOFT INFRASTRUCTURE APPLICATIONSAPPLICATIONS INFO COG PHY COMPREHENSIVE NATIONAL POWER GIS- INTEGRATOR & FORCE MULTIPLIER

18 GEOSPATIALFRAMEWORK HUMAN DEVELOPMENT DISTANCE EDUMEDICINE INTELLIGENT ENGG BIO INFORMATION SPACE GIS & AGRICULTURE SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT BUSINESS & COMMERCE POVERTY REDUCTION 21 ST CENTURY GEOSPATIAL FOR NATIONAL POWER

19 FRICTION OF WAR MURPHY’S LAW “if it can go wrong, it will..” FOG OF WAR COMMUNICATION PERCEPTION PREVENTION OF BIG MISTAKES HARMING ONES OWN COHESION MAX EFFECTIVE NESS ECONOMY OF FORCE CENTRALISED COMD BUT DECENTRALISED CONTROL RELEVANCE OF GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY (STRATEGIC CUM OPERATIONAL LEVEL) GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION

20 GIS FOR COP GIS FOR FASTER DECISION MAKING GIS FOR FASTER DECISION MAKING ITERATIVE REINFORCING LOOP INCREASED VELOCITY ITERATIVE REINFORCING LOOP INCREASED VELOCITY

21 SITUATIONAL AWARENESS & ITS IMPACT ON VELOCITY VELOCITY OF MANEUVER VELOCITY OF INFORMATION GEOSPATIAL PROVIDES THE COMMON PLATFORM FOR REMOVING INCONSISTENCIES, INFO GRID GIVES CAPABILITY TO EXPLOIT VELOCITY INCREASING CHANGES OF VICTORY GEOSPATIAL PROVIDES THE COMMON PLATFORM FOR REMOVING INCONSISTENCIES, INFO GRID GIVES CAPABILITY TO EXPLOIT VELOCITY INCREASING CHANGES OF VICTORY

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23 GLOBAL TRENDS 2025 By 2025, the international system will be a global multi-polar one with gaps in national power continuing to narrow between developed & developing countries. Concurrent with the shift in power among nation-states, the relative power of various non-state actors including businesses, tribes, religious organisations, and criminal networks is increasing. The players are changing, but so too are the scope and breadth of transnational issues important for continued global prosperity? The next 20 years of transition to a new system are fraught with risks. Strategic rivalries are most likely to revolve around trade, investments, and technological innovation and acquisitions, but we cannot rule out a 19 th century-like scenario of arms races, territorial expansion, and military rivalries? This is a story with not clear outcome? (These) trends suggest major discontinuities, shocks, and surprises (Known Unknowns). By 2025, the international system will be a global multi-polar one with gaps in national power continuing to narrow between developed & developing countries. Concurrent with the shift in power among nation-states, the relative power of various non-state actors including businesses, tribes, religious organisations, and criminal networks is increasing. The players are changing, but so too are the scope and breadth of transnational issues important for continued global prosperity? The next 20 years of transition to a new system are fraught with risks. Strategic rivalries are most likely to revolve around trade, investments, and technological innovation and acquisitions, but we cannot rule out a 19 th century-like scenario of arms races, territorial expansion, and military rivalries? This is a story with not clear outcome? (These) trends suggest major discontinuities, shocks, and surprises (Known Unknowns).

24 STRATEGIC PLANS & POLICY CAPABILITY & RG OF OPTIONSSTRATEGY NATIONAL OBJECTIVE BASED ON THREAT & RISKS GEOGRAPHY POPULATION NATURAL RESOURCES MILITARY ECONOMIC POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGICAL INFORMATIONAL NATIONAL POWER NATIONAL RESPONSE PROCESS WHOLE OF GOVT APPROACH

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26 COP ON GEOSPATIAL BACK BONE COP ON GEOSPATIAL BACK BONE NCW IT & RMA C4I STAR NCW IT & RMA C4I STAR INFO SHARING – TRI SERVICES MODEL CYBER WARFARE JOINT SERVICES COORD INTER AGENCY MEDIA AND PSY OPS PERCEPTION MGT INFO SHARING – TRI SERVICES MODEL CYBER WARFARE JOINT SERVICES COORD INTER AGENCY MEDIA AND PSY OPS PERCEPTION MGT

27 RECOMMENDED GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK COMN FRAMEWORK INSTITUTIONAL BACKBONE MIL CIVIL CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE NATIONAL INFO GRID NATIONAL INFO GRID GIS PRIMARY INTEGRATER OF POWER & A FORCE MULTIPLIER GIS PRIMARY INTEGRATER OF POWER & A FORCE MULTIPLIER

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