Question 1 If the demand for good A decreases, then what will happen to the MRP of labor for workers who produce good A?
Answer 1 It will decrease because the decrease in demand for good A will cause the market price to drop. Therefore, the MRP of each worker will decrease.
Question 2 Provide two examples of something that could cause the demand for Buffalo Wild Wings waiters/waitresses to increase
Answer 2 The NCAA mens basketball tournament is beginning Customers are eating more and more wings The productivity of the waiters and waitresses increase The store owner expands his restaurant Etc…
Question 3 How much control does a firm have over wage in a perfectly competitive labor market?
Answer 3 No control, the firm faces a perfectly elastic supply curve.
Question 4 1 worker can produce 5 cupcakes. 2 workers can produce 11 cupcakes. 3 workers can produce 14 cupcakes. At which worker is the firm experiencing diminishing marginal product? Why?
Answer 4 The 3 rd worker. The first workers MPL is 5. The second workers MPL increases to 6. But the 3 rd workers MPL is 3. The 3 rd worker is the start of diminishing marginal product of labor.
Question 5 3 workers can produce 20 cupcakes. 4 workers can produce 50 cupcakes. Cupcakes sell for $2. What is the MRP of the 4 th worker?
Answer 5 $60. The MP of the 4 th worker is 30. MRP of labor = MPL x Price. So, 30 multiplied by $2 = $60.
Question 6 If the marginal product of labor is increasing, what is happening to the marginal revenue product of labor?
Answer 6 It is also increasing. Each worker is becoming more productive, therefore their value increases.
Question 7 In the 1940s, thousands of American men went to go fight in Europe and the Pacific during WWII. During this event, what happened to the labor market for men in the United States?
Answer 7 The supply of male workers in America decreased. This caused the wage for male American workers to increase and the quantity to decrease Also, this caused the demand for female workers in the US to increase. Therefore, the wage and quantity of female workers increased.
Question 8 The firms demand for labor is also equal to the firms _________________?
Answer 8 MRP of labor. This is because firms hire where wage = MRP of labor.
Question 9 A decrease in physical capital will have what impact on MRP of labor?
Answer 9 MRP of labor will decrease. Workers become less productive with less resources to work with, therefore their MRP decreases (they are less valuable).
Question 10 If MRP of labor increases, what impact will that have on the labor market?
Answer 10 The demand for labor will increase, which will cause wage and quantity to increase. This happens because workers are more valuable, therefore firms will hire more.
Question 11 A firm is deciding the combination of inputs that would result in the lowest cost. Based on the information below, what would you recommend the firm does? – MPL = 100 – Wage = $10 – MPK = 20 – Rent = $5
Answer 11 Hire more workers and use less capital. To find this, you would have to find the least cost combination of labor and capital. To do this, divide the marginal product over the price. – The workers marginal product per dollar spent is 10. This was determined when the MPL (100) was divided over the wage ($10) – The capitals marginal product per dollar spent is 4. This was determined when the MPK (20) was divided over the price of capital which was the rent ($5). – 10 is greater than 4. So we have to lower the marginal product per dollar of workers by hiring more workers (diminishing marginal product). Then, the opposite is true for capital.
Question 12 The price that a firm must pay to temporarily use a factor of production is what?