Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

STRESS STRESS. Stress an estimated 75-90% of visits to primary care physicians are for stress- related issues and problems an estimated 75-90% of visits.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "STRESS STRESS. Stress an estimated 75-90% of visits to primary care physicians are for stress- related issues and problems an estimated 75-90% of visits."— Presentation transcript:

1 STRESS STRESS

2 Stress an estimated 75-90% of visits to primary care physicians are for stress- related issues and problems an estimated 75-90% of visits to primary care physicians are for stress- related issues and problems job stress is a major source of stress job stress is a major source of stress in adults in adults children, teenagers, students, and the elderly are also feeling more stress children, teenagers, students, and the elderly are also feeling more stress

3

4

5 Stress what causes you stress? what causes you stress? identify your major stressors identify your major stressors what happens when you are under stress? what happens when you are under stress? what is all this stress doing to you? what is all this stress doing to you?

6 Types of Stressors psychological issues psychological issues environmental concerns environmental concerns poor nutrition poor nutrition role conflict/ambiguity, multiple roles role conflict/ambiguity, multiple roles sociological, political, ethnic, cultural issues sociological, political, ethnic, cultural issues physical illness/disability physical illness/disability biomechanical (repetitive strain) biomechanical (repetitive strain) developmental issues developmental issues

7 FIGHT OR FLIGHT contemporary stress more pervasive, contemporary stress more pervasive, insidious, and persistent insidious, and persistent this reaction stems primarily from psychological rather than physical stress this reaction stems primarily from psychological rather than physical stress and causes ingrained and immediate reactions that were originally designed to help us in emergency situations and causes ingrained and immediate reactions that were originally designed to help us in emergency situations

8 The Stress Reaction heart rate and blood pressure increase heart rate and blood pressure increase there is also increased blood flow to the brain for decision-making activity there is also increased blood flow to the brain for decision-making activity blood sugar level increases for more energy (glycogen released) blood sugar level increases for more energy (glycogen released) blood is shunted from G/I tract to large muscles for strength to fight or take flight blood is shunted from G/I tract to large muscles for strength to fight or take flight clotting occurs quickly to prevent blood loss clotting occurs quickly to prevent blood loss

9 The Stress Reaction adrenaline, cortisol and other stress hormones are released into the bloodstream adrenaline, cortisol and other stress hormones are released into the bloodstream the mouth becomes dry the mouth becomes dry the immune symptom is dampened the immune symptom is dampened the skin is cool due to sweating the skin is cool due to sweating the scalp tightens the scalp tightens

10 The Stress Reaction this reaction is fine when confronted with a sabre-tooth tiger, but in the modern world is not adaptive this reaction is fine when confronted with a sabre-tooth tiger, but in the modern world is not adaptive today, most of our stress is psychological today, most of our stress is psychological and not physical in origin (for example, getting stuck in traffic or taking an exam) and not physical in origin (for example, getting stuck in traffic or taking an exam)

11

12 JOB STRESS -occupational pressures are responsible for: 30% of workers suffering from back pain -28% complaining of "stress" -20% feeling very fatigued -17% experiencing muscular pains -13% with headaches

13

14 Workplace Stress damages relationships damages relationships reduces job satisfaction reduces job satisfaction reduces productivity reduces productivity

15 Work Stressors lack of participation in decisions affecting you lack of participation in decisions affecting you unrelenting/unreasonable demands unrelenting/unreasonable demands poor communication & conflict resolution poor communication & conflict resolution lack of job security lack of job security long hours & lots of time away from home long hours & lots of time away from home office politics and conflicts office politics and conflicts wages dont equal level of responsibility wages dont equal level of responsibility

16 Physiologic Effects inability to adapt to stress is associated with depression & anxiety inability to adapt to stress is associated with depression & anxiety stress may disrupt serotonin (well being) levels stress may disrupt serotonin (well being) levels acute stress associated with higher risk of acute stress associated with higher risk of heart arrhythmias & heart attacks heart arrhythmias & heart attacks fat released into bloodstream & fat released into bloodstream & increases cholesterol levels increases cholesterol levels chronic stress in women may reduce chronic stress in women may reduce insulin levels insulin levels muscle and joint pain muscle and joint pain

17 Conditions Increasing Susceptibility to Stress poor early nurturing poor early nurturing personality traits personality traits genetic factors genetic factors immune system diseases can impair immune system diseases can impair response to stress response to stress the longer and more intense the stress, the longer and more intense the stress, the more harmful the more harmful

18 Those At Higher Risk in the young and the elderly, stress may go unnoticed or be ignored in the young and the elderly, stress may go unnoticed or be ignored women more than men women more than men working mothers encounter more stress due to greater and more diverse work load working mothers encounter more stress due to greater and more diverse work load divorced or widowed people divorced or widowed people the unemployed the unemployed urban dwellers more than suburbanites urban dwellers more than suburbanites

19 ELDERLY often exposed to major stressors often exposed to major stressors medical problems medical problems loss of spouse and friends loss of spouse and friends change in living conditions change in living conditions financial worries financial worries loss of control loss of control

20 CAREGIVERS of physically or mentally disabled families face chronic stress of physically or mentally disabled families face chronic stress spouses of disabled partner have more stress-related problems spouses of disabled partner have more stress-related problems

21 ANGRY PERSONALITIES less emotionally stable or those with less emotionally stable or those with high anxiety may catastrophize high anxiety may catastrophize there is an association between anger, irritability, hostility and narrowing of the arteries there is an association between anger, irritability, hostility and narrowing of the arteries also being self-conscious in public and suppressing anger also being self-conscious in public and suppressing anger combined with low social support, the situation is worse combined with low social support, the situation is worse

22 Strategies to Help Deal with Stress a healthy lifestyle, good nutrition/exercise a healthy lifestyle, good nutrition/exercise cognitive-behavioral therapy cognitive-behavioral therapy identifying stress and learning to relax identifying stress and learning to relax attitude– grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference. attitude– grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.

23 SELF-EFFICACY efficacy is the capacity efficacy is the capacity to accomplish tasks to accomplish tasks self-efficacy is the perceived ability to handle problems & overcome hardship self-efficacy is the perceived ability to handle problems & overcome hardship stress is minimal when you can look upon problems as opportunities to overcome adversity & gain experience stress is minimal when you can look upon problems as opportunities to overcome adversity & gain experience

24 Perception & Assessment keep it in perspective keep it in perspective ask yourself, what is the worst ask yourself, what is the worst that can happen? that can happen? can we look for an unexpected benefit? can we look for an unexpected benefit? assess the situation, consider past experience assess the situation, consider past experience problem-solve (take action) problem-solve (take action) make a decision regarding action make a decision regarding action vs acceptance of the situation vs acceptance of the situation

25 Risk for Burnout having lofty ideals having lofty ideals getting impatient/annoyed frequently getting impatient/annoyed frequently only your ideas areright only your ideas areright blaming yourself (shoulds) blaming yourself (shoulds) tendency to blame others tendency to blame others feeling you have to do everything yourself feeling you have to do everything yourself equally upset about minor hassles equally upset about minor hassles feeling you have more to do and less & less time feeling you have more to do and less & less time

26 Burnout Stages Stress Arousal Stage Stress Arousal Stage Stress Resistance Stage Stress Resistance Stage Severe Exhaustion Stage Severe Exhaustion Stage

27 Stress Arousal Stage persistent irritability and anxiety persistent irritability and anxiety bruxism and/or insomnia bruxism and/or insomnia occasional forgetfulness and /or occasional forgetfulness and /or inability to concentrate inability to concentrate

28 Stress Resistance Stage absenteeism or tardiness at work absenteeism or tardiness at work tired & fatigued for no reason tired & fatigued for no reason procrastination & indecision procrastination & indecision social withdrawal & cynicism social withdrawal & cynicism resentful, indifferent, defiant resentful, indifferent, defiant increased use of coffee, alcohol, increased use of coffee, alcohol, tobacco, etc. tobacco, etc.

29 Severe Exhaustion Stage chronic sadness or depression chronic sadness or depression chronic mental & physical fatigue chronic mental & physical fatigue chronic stress related illnesses chronic stress related illnesses (headache, stomach ache, (headache, stomach ache, bowel problems) bowel problems) isolation, withdrawal, and isolation, withdrawal, and self-destructive thoughts self-destructive thoughts


Download ppt "STRESS STRESS. Stress an estimated 75-90% of visits to primary care physicians are for stress- related issues and problems an estimated 75-90% of visits."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google