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A Note on Islamic Economics 16 Over two economics within traditional ‗means-ends‘ framework and provided an alternative deﬁnition (see, S.M. Hasanuz Zaman ―Deﬁnition of Islamic Economics, ‖ Journal of Research in Islamic Economics, Vol. 1, No. 2, winter 1984 (pp )). In this paper, the author refers to the Quran 41:10 and suggests that Allah (s.w.t.) ―has created sufﬁcient resources for His creatures. Therefore, scarcity may be either due to lack of proper utilization of natural endowments or an imbalanced distribution ‖ (p. 55). This paper also draws main features of the difference between Islamic and traditional economics. Shaheed Al-Sadr in his classic book É``FOÉ``°ü``à` BG, published by äHô`` ` `«` `H äÉ``Y (1399H) maintains the view that resources are not scarce, but see Professor K. Sadr ‗sustainable development‘ Nam-e Moﬁd No. 17, 1999, (pp. 9-28), in which he suggests (p. 11) that Shaheed Al-Sadr in " ÉFOÉ°üàBG " holds the view that the scarcity assumption does not apply in the Islamic world view because Allah (s.w.t.) has provided enough resources to meet the needs of human society. Professor Sadr, however, interprets this position as referring to ‗the long run‘ and that Shaheed did not mean that at micro level individuals are not faced with the scarcity problem. In this article, Professor Sadr presents an economic understanding of Islamic conditions for sustainable development. For a good coverage, as well as a restatement of Shaheed Al-Sadr‘s philosophical ideas see: --Qó°üDG ôBÉH óª ※ ó«°ùDG ó«¡°ûDG ΩÉEEÓD áJôµØDG á°SQóŸG „ äÉ°SGQO.Ω 2001 Ŕ √ 1433 ¿ÉæÑD Ŕ äHÒH : äÉYƒÑ£ª ≪ D ±QÉ©Ÿ See M.B. As Sadr, Our Philosophy, translated by Sham S. C. Inati, Muhammadi Trust, London, Dr. Taj El-Din deﬁnes "»EÓ°SE ‟ G OÉ°üàB ‟ G º ≪ Y" in his paper "OÉ°üàB ‟ G ƒG »EÓ°SE ‟ G" (Review of Islamic Economics, Vol. 3, No. 2, (1994)) "áJOÉ°üàB ‟ G ¬à ≪≧ °ûE á¡LGƒE „ áæ°ùDGH ÜÉà ≧ DÉH …ó¡à°ùJ áJOÉ°üàB ‟ G á° economic policies as: ËôŔH, ¥ó°üàDG ≈ ≪ Y å◊G πãE) ¿É ≧ ŸÉH HCG ¿ÉEõDÉH Ò¨àJ ‟ áàHÉK äÉ¡«LƒJ »≤ ≪ J øY »¡æDG πãE) IóJóL ±HôX „ ¢ùÑ ≪ à ≪ D á ≪ HÉB áJOÉ°üàBG ±Hô¶H §ÑJ øY »¡æDG πãE) º ≪ °SH ¬« ≪ Y ˆG ≈ ≪ °U »ÑæDG ó¡Y ≈ ≪ Y Ú©E »àBH çOÉëH § Ö« ≪ ¨J ≈ ≪ Y Ωƒ≤JH …ƒÑæDG ô°ü©DG „ á«©BGH äÓ ≧ °ûE â¡LGH É¡FCG ÉFóLƒ. "¿É°ùFE ‟ G ™ÑW „ ì°ûDG á«°V On the notion of scarcity, see Dr. Taj El-Din: "»EÓ°SE ‟ G OÉ°üàB ‟ G ƒG ÉE" (p. 100) á ≪≧ °ûE â°ù«D äÉÑZôDG ºé◊ áÑ°ùæDÉH OQGƒŸG IQóF ¿CG Ú«EÓ°SE ‟ G ÚJO "»EÓ°SE ‟ G Qƒ¶æŸG øE áJOÉ°üàB ‟ G á ≪≧ °ûŸG" »G É¡FCÉH ôNB ‟ G ∫ƒ≤DG ∫ƒÑ õCÎJ âFÉC "áJOÉ°üàB ‟ G á ≪≧ °ûŸG" ∫ƒM Ú«EÓ°SE ‟ G ÚJOÉ°üàB ‟ G ÚH äCÉ°ûF » á ≪≧ °ûŸG óJóŔ ≈ ≪ Y πª©DG ƒG ÉFôJó≤J „ áDCÉ°ùŸG √ò¡D Ö°SÉæŸG πNóŸG πNóŸG GòG ÜÉ«Z ¿EG.... áJQÉ÷G äÉ«HOC ‟ G ¬à ≪ ØZCG ÉE GòGH, »EÓ°SE ‟ G √òG ¿C ‟ (ÉHôDG ËôŔ πãE) á«EÓ°SE ‟ G áJOÉ°üàB ‟ G á°SÉ«°ùDG âHGƒK º¡A øY øDH. É¡JÉ©JôØJH á«©°VƒDG áJOÉ°üàB ‟ G á°SÉ«°ùDG âHGƒãD ≈MôDG Ö£B »GH »EÓ°SE ‟ G OÉ°üàB ‟ G º ≪ Y É¡H π©ØæJ »àDG áJQƒëŸG á ≪≧ °ûE ¤EG áæ°ù. "ô≤ØDG ∫P ¤EG ¿É°ùFE ‟ G áEGôC ¢ýJô©JH IHÌDG õ«CôJ ƒëF …OÉ° 36 (1399H) decades ago, Dr. Hasanuz Zaman pointed to the problem of deﬁning Islamic
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