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IX.5. The Nature of Solutions of Ions p. 209-210
Solvation Interaction between a solute and solvent
Ionic Solid Solid, crystal structure made up of ions
Molecular Solid Solid, crystal structure made up of neutral molecules
Dissociation Separation of previously- existing ions in an ionic solid NaCl (s) Na + (aq) + Cl - (aq)
Ionization Separation of a neutral molecule into ions CH 3 COOH (l) CH 3 COO - (aq) + H + (aq)
IX.6 Calculating the [Ions] In Solutions p. 211-212
1. What is the [SO 4 2- ] present in 0.135 M Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 ? Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 2Al 3+ + 3SO 4 2- 0.135 M 2(0.135) 3(0.135) 0.270 M0.405 M
2. What is the [Cl - ] formed when 10.0 g of BaCl 2 (s) is dissolved and diluted to 0.600L? BaCl 2 Ba 2+ (aq) + 2Cl - (aq) 10.0g#M 0.600L
3. What is the [Cl - ] produced when 55.0 mL of 0.300 M HCl is mixed with 80.0 mL of 0.550 M CaCl 2 ?
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