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IX.5. The Nature of Solutions of Ions p
Solvation Interaction between a solute and solvent
Ionic Solid Solid, crystal structure made up of ions
Molecular Solid Solid, crystal structure made up of neutral molecules
Dissociation Separation of previously- existing ions in an ionic solid NaCl (s) Na + (aq) + Cl - (aq)
Ionization Separation of a neutral molecule into ions CH 3 COOH (l) CH 3 COO - (aq) + H + (aq)
IX.6 Calculating the [Ions] In Solutions p
1. What is the [SO 4 2- ] present in M Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 ? Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 2Al SO M 2(0.135) 3(0.135) M0.405 M
2. What is the [Cl - ] formed when 10.0 g of BaCl 2 (s) is dissolved and diluted to 0.600L? BaCl 2 Ba 2+ (aq) + 2Cl - (aq) 10.0g#M 0.600L
3. What is the [Cl - ] produced when 55.0 mL of M HCl is mixed with 80.0 mL of M CaCl 2 ?
UNIT IX PPT #2 Calculations Involving Solutions. IX.6 CALCULATING THE CONCENTRATIONS OF IONS IN SOLUTIONS REVIEW: M = [ ] = molarity = C = n = mol = molar.
© Copyright R.J. Rusay Aqueous Reactions Dr. Ron Rusay Spring 2002.
II III I III. Factors Affecting Solvation (p. 489 – 497) Ch. 14 – Mixtures & Solutions.
Solutions Solute – what is dissolved Solvent – what the solute is dissolved into. Aqueous solutions have water as the solvent.
Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Ms. Mack Chapter 10, Section 3 Chemistry I- 3/24/09.
Chapters 22: Solutions Section 1: How Solutions Form.
Net ionic equations Na + Al 3+ S 2– 2Ca 2+ PO 4 3– 3Cl –
CHAPTER 9 CONCURRENT ENROLLMENT. ACIDS AND BASES WEAK ACIDS AND BASES ONLY A FEW IONS ARE FORMED DEFINITIONS –Arrhenius - Acid contains H + ions and Bases.
Solubility Do Now: p.4. Remember…likes dissolve like Things that dissolve in water – Soluble ionic – Acids (ex HCl) – Bases (ex. NaOH) – Polar covalent.
UNIT IX PPT #1 Solution Chemistry. IX.1 SOLUTIONS AND SOLUBILITY Definitions: Solution: Solvent: Solute:
1 Distilled H 2 O -- 2Tap water-- 3NaCl5 4CuSO 4 5 5Sugar5 6Alcohol5 7HCl HC 2 H 3 O HC 2 H 3 O NaOH5 12NaOH1 13HC 2 H 3 O Observations.
Solution Concentration Molarity = mol solute = M L sol’n Most commonly used unit of concentration A 0.50 M sol'n = 0.50 mol solute 1.0 L sol'n Use it as.
Section 17.3 Homogeneous Aqueous Solutions. Solvents and Solutes l Solution - a homogenous mixture, that is mixed molecule by molecule. l Solvent - the.
Aqueous Reactions Dr. Ron Rusay. Aqueous Reactions There are several general types: 1) Precipitation: An insoluble salt forms from the addition of solutions.
© Copyright R.J. Rusay Aqueous Reactions Dr. Ron Rusay Fall 2007.
Unit IX. Solution Chemistry. IX. 1. Solutions and Solubility p
Binary acid (i.e. H & a non-metal) ◦ the prefix hydro is used ◦ the root of the anion is used ◦ the suffix -ic is used ◦ the word acid is used as the.
© Copyright R.J. Rusay Aqueous Reactions Dr. Ron Rusay.
Solubility and Ionic Equations Aqueous Solutions 1.
Periodic Trends in Period 3 Chlorides and Oxides Bonding and Structure.
NOTES 10 – Acids, Bases, & pH. Ion Review An ion is an atom that gains or loses electrons giving it an overall positive or negative charge An ion is an.
Acids, Bases, and pH. Acids and Bases Acids produce H + ions which react with water to form hydronium (H 3 O + ) ions Bases produce OH - ions.
AgNO 3 (aq) + NaCl(aq) AgCl(s) + NaNO 3 (aq) What happens when you put AgNO 3 and NaCl in water?
Chapter 16 Properties of solutions. Making solutions l Whether the solute and the solvent are polar, nonpolar, or ionic determines – How much will dissolve.
Chapter 4 Reactions in Aqueous Solution Lecture Presentation © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Ashley Warren Kings High School AP Chemistry Lecture Presentation.
Strength of Acids and Alkalis By SK Chan. Why do acids/alkalis show different properties? Acid/AlkalipH value Electrical conductivity 0.1 M Ethanoic acid4Low.
Solubility Equilibria End of Chapter 17. Solubility Equilibria 16.6 AgCl (s) Ag + (aq) + Cl - (aq) K sp = [Ag + ][Cl - ]K sp is the solubility product.
Dissolving an Ionic Electrolyte. The dissolving of an ionic electrolyte. All salts are ionic electrolytes! Hydroxide bases are ionic electrolytes! + ++
Chapter 16 Properties of solutions. Making solutions l What the solute and the solvent are – Whether a substance will dissolve. – How much will dissolve.
UNIT 7: REACTIONS IN SOLUTION. Chemical Reactions in Solutions Most reactions occur in aqueous solution SOLUTE is the substance to be dissolved in solution.
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