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NFCs Neo-formed contaminants ELC MEETING London, 19-20th april 2007 Prof. Andrés Gavilán President of AFCA.

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Presentation on theme: "NFCs Neo-formed contaminants ELC MEETING London, 19-20th april 2007 Prof. Andrés Gavilán President of AFCA."— Presentation transcript:

1 NFCs Neo-formed contaminants ELC MEETING London, 19-20th april 2007 Prof. Andrés Gavilán President of AFCA

2 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 2 SUMMARY 1. What NFC are? 2. Which are the NFCs origen and toxicity? 3. Which are the main NFCs? 4. NFC containing food matrices 5. NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) 6. NFC detection & minimization 7. NFC future legislation

3 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 3 1. What NFC are? Process chemical contaminants, unvoluntary generated due specific global elaboration procedure. NFC means neo- formed contaminants, organic substances that become toxics for food and consumers. These NFC occur only at certain foods based in the chemical structure, composition and elaboration process among other factors

4 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 4 2. Which are the NFCs origen and toxicity? NFC are formed from natural foods, both vegetal and animal origin, through oftenly a thermical previous elaboration stage at a high temperature (> 150º C) and some chemical substances that allow generate a contaminant. Some NFC has severe toxic effect on human health: neurotoxicity, genotoxicity, nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity.

5 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 5 3. Which are the main NFCs? We can consider two types: TS-NFC (Thermical source – NFCs) CS-NFC (Chemical source – NFCs)

6 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 6 3. Which are the main NFCs? Types of TS-NFC (Thermical source – NFCs) ARC (acrylamide) HMF (hydroxymethylfurfural) TFA (trans-fatty acids) FUR (furosins) CML (carboximethyl-lysine) PAH (polyaromatic hydrocarbons) FRN (furanes)... NFC – levels ALARA principle application TMDI

7 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 7 3. Which are the main NFCs? Types of CS-NFC (Chemical source – NFCs) 2-MCPD Miscellaneous products NFC – levels ALARA principle application TMDI

8 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 8 4. NFC containing food matrices Cereal based food Crisps potatoes Toasted bread Crisps biscuits Milk UHSTS milk Pasteurized infant formulae milk Fruits Malts and malt extracts Soya products Fried edible oils

9 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 9 5. NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) Reasons: NFCs need to be minimised on food for health reasons. EC needs to stablish effective analytical methods for an adequated NFC detection on foods. EC to be elaborate a regulation for NFCs existing types and maximun acceptable levels on foodstuffs.

10 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) ICARE Consortium: Was created at 2005 by EC and falls on 6th Frame Programme. ICARE = Impeding Contaminants Accumulation to Reduce their health Effect, applied to general foods.

11 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC management in Europe (ICARE Consortium) Main scope: Analyse NFC on foods To minimize / delete NFC on foods Reduce toxicity level of foods Improve NFC containing foods for SMEs Increase welfare and health protection for consumers

12 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC detection & minimization In Order to dettect and minimize NFC on foodstuffs there are different responsibles: Involved countries: Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, Germany, Slovaky, Chekya Actors: IAG, RTD (Performers), SMEs

13 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC detection & minimization Scientifical laboratories and Technological Centers (RTD) Lead: Action Plan, NFC analysis, Pilot Equipments and NFC minimization on industrial elaboration process. IAG Actions: Technical & scientifical advising and overall assessment. SMEs Functions: Food industries that will apply NFC analytical methods and NFC minimization programme.

14 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC detection & minimization Working groups (WP = working packages) For a fulfilment intended ICARE Project for NFC management there 14 WP: WPO (Specifications and final use requeriments) WP1 (Analytical methods) WP2 (Calibration models) WP3 (Flourophores identification) WP4 (Analytical methods validation) WP5 (NFC formation undertanding at laboratory scale) WP6 (Pilot scale NFC analytical methods validation) WP7 (Industrial scale NFC analytical methods validation)

15 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC detection & minimization Working groups (WP = working packages) For a fulfilment intended ICARE Project for NFC management there 14 WP: WP8 (Comparative study between standard diet and boiled diet) WP9 (Comparative study on infant formulae impact) WP10 (-) WP11 (Innovations and subjects) WP12 (Formation and training) WP13 (Project management)

16 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC detection & minimization ICARE project (Main features) Assigned period for ICARE 3 years (since 2005) Project otorgued budget: Fixed by EC Meeting frequence / 2 meeting / year, healding: I) Steering Committee II) General Assembly Update action: Official ICARE project dissemination around UE members states. Next ICARE meeting Praha, 28-29th june 2007

17 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC future legislation When: All the NFC Priority List become full identified and quantified on pre-choiced food matrices. The involved analytical methods for NFC will be implemented intended on-line at SMEs for NFC detection at different operation steps. Be fulfiled applied a specific NFC Minimization Programme at SMEs and its efficacy being comproved.

18 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS NFC future legislation Then: Will be published the List of NFC pointing out the food matrices and the maximum permited NFC levels, probably as European Regulation Commission. Will be approved and adopted specific analytical methods for all identified NFC on foodstuffs. Is expected that new NFC will be introduced in order to increased an adequated protection health level to consumers.

19 ELC MEETING NFCs: NEO FORMED CONTAMINANTS 19 Thank you very much for you atention ! Andrés Gavilán President of AFCA


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