Presentation on theme: "Title IX Implications for Interscholastic Athletics"— Presentation transcript:
1 Title IX Implications for Interscholastic Athletics
2 “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance”(Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, P.L ,20 U.S. C. S. section 1681 et seq.)
3 Accommodating the interests and abilities of both sexes (13 areas) Equipment and suppliesScheduling of games and practicesTravel and per diem allowanceOpportunity to receive coachingAcademic tutoringAssignment and compensation of coaches and tutorsProvision of locker rooms and practice and competitive facilitiesMedical and training facilities and servicesHousing and dining facilities and servicesPublicityRecruitmentSupport servicesFinancial assistance
10 What else? “Recommended” to offer complimentary It is a “spirit” a “personal ethic”BUT Don’t have the authority to interpret or rule on complianceEqual EXCEPT athletic programsEqual opportunity except contact sports
11 WHAT?An athletic program is gender equitable when either the boys or the girls sports program would be pleased to accept as its own the overall program of the other gender.
12 Which essentially means If you are happy with your half of the cake (your program) as compared to the other half of the cake (the complimentary program) equity is met.
13 Followed by. . .This policy recognizes past inequities created by the traditional male domination of sports opportunities and the need to encourage and protect the development of girls athletic programs.
15 Examples . . . . North Rockland Central School District, NY Ollier v Sweetwater Union High School District, CANFHS, Sports Law Year-in-Review, January 2010North Rockland Central School District, NYHartland School District, WIFlorida High School Athletic AssociationCommunities for Equity v MHSAA, filed 1998Settled 2007
16 2005 U. S. Supreme Court rules in Jackson v 2005 U.S. Supreme Court rules in Jackson v. Birmingham Board of EducationIndividuals, including coaches and teachers, have a right of action under Title IX if they are retaliated against for protesting sex discriminationBeyond the Headlines – A Report of the National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education
17 MisinformationUnfortunately, the current boy crisis hype and the debate around it are based more on hopes and fears than on evidence.Distracting attention from more serious educational problems—such as large racial and economic achievement gaps—and practical ways to help both boys and girls succeed in school.— The Truth About Boys and Girls
18 Good News??? Girls’ Sports Participation Continues to Rise National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) report from participation in high school sports has never been higher.Girls increased by 56, Boys increased by 50,54710 most popular sports for girls: outdoor track and field , basketball, volleyball, fast pitch softball, soccer, cross country, tennis, swimming and diving , competitive spirit squads, golfThe complete NFHS report is available at
19 Avoiding Title IX Compliance Issues Be proactivePreparedKnowledgeableAnalytical
20 BE PROACTIVE Monitor booster clubs / donations Remember . . . . School can use funds as designated by donorIf results in an inequity along gender linesDistrict must correct using its own funds if neededRememberBudgets don’t need to be equalBenefits provided must be equalPotential Solution?All-inclusive school-wide sports booster club policy
21 BE PROACTIVE Pay attention to the law (Spring 2009) “The High School Athletics Accountability Act”“The High School Sports Information Collection Act”Completion and submission of annual Title IX self-auditsUS Department of EducationTracking of the two
22 BE PROACTIVE Work to identify a Title IX compliance officer By law: Public schoolsCharter schoolsMagnet schoolsInvestigates complaints:Sex discriminationSexual harassment
23 BE PROACTIVE Administration: Coaches / Teachers Work to create a committee and begin with a strategic planSchool board membersPublic / community members etc.Coaches / TeachersWork to be on the committee
24 Strategic Plan Assess existing program Organize training sessions StaffDistrict personnelAction planExplore additional funding optionsDevelop a process to determine interest levelsHide / ignore nothingHigh School Today / January 2010
26 KENTUCKYKHSAA Title IX Education Program Information KHSAA Board Policy on Title IX Education Program Title IX Background Information KHSAA Administration of Title IX: Steps for Title IX Compliance Components of Title IX - Three Part Test KHSAA Working Budget Comparison for Title IX Model Athletic Booster Club Agreement (PDF)KHSAA Title IX Education Workshop Information Title IX Workshop Information –TBAKHSAA Title IX School Re-Visit Program Schools Being Re-Visited in the Current School Year Cover Letter and Agenda (PDF)
27 2009-2010 KHSAA Title IX Annual Forms Packet Complete Title IX Annual Report (PDF) KHSAA Title IX Forms (DOC Version) GE-19 Verification of Title IX Compliance T-1 Accommodation of Interests and Ability-Test 1 T-1 (Sample) T-2 Accommodation of Interests and Ability-Test 2 T-3 Accommodation of Interests and Ability-Test 3 T-4 Accommodation of Interests and Ability-Summary T-35/T-36 Directions T-35 Expenditure Chart T-36 Expenditure Chart 2 T-41 Checklist - Overall Program T-60 Corrective Action Plan T-61 Student Athletic Survey T-63 Survey Summary of Responses
28 OCR Documents and Links Link to OCR Web Site Dear Colleague -Regarding Single Sex Schools (1/31/07) Dear Colleague -Clarifications of 3 Part test (intercollegiate) (03/2005) Technical Manual-3 Part test-Test 3 (intercollegiate) (03/2005) Dear Colleague -Regarding Athletics Compliance (07/2003) Revised Guidelines about Sexual Harassment (01/2001) OCR Technical Manual for Checking Compliance (02/2005)
29 Kassy (kicker) - 72 of 72 extra points / 2-4 field goal attempts / state champs