2The Music of Africa Music in Africa was a part of everyday life. It was used in games, for celebrations, during work, in birth and in death. Music was a very important part of being African.Instruments were made from whatever materials people could find.
4Music of AfricaMusic of Africa is characterized by highly complex rhythms.African music uses a call and response method in which a leader starts and then a chorus responds.Rhythm often helped people keep a steady beat while working.In Africa music is intertwined with everyday life.
6Song 1 “The Names of the Rivers” -traditional game song from Zimbabwe Leader: The Zambezi, I crossed it! Chorus: I crossed it! L: The Limpopo, I crossed it! C: I crossed it! L: The Nile, I crossed it! C: I crossed it! L: The Niger, I crossed it! C: I crossed it! L: The Mississippi, I crossed it! C: I crossed it! L: The Colorado, I crossed it! C: I crossed it!
7“Choose Your Own” -traditional game song from Zimbabwe Leader: Choose your own, yeah, yeah Chorus: He wears a white amulet L: Choose your own, yeah, yeah C: He wears a white amulet L: Who is yours, yeah, yeah? C: He wears a white amulet L: Mine is Bobby, yeah, yeah C: He wears a white amulet L: Yours is short, yeah, yeah C: He wears a white amulet L: Mine is tall, yeah, yeah C: He wears a white amulet L: Hey, Bobby, yeah, yeah C: He wears a white amulet
8Mukondombera “The Holocaust (AIDS)” by Thomas Mapfumo (excerpt) You should stop fooling around, men, You should stop fooling around, girls, Beware of this plague, the illness has come, If you are not afraid, you will perish.Oh goodness, we are perishing, An illness has come into this world, Play it safe, because this world has gone bad. This illness has come, It is a giant whip sent down by God.Oh God, what are we supposed to do? God, please give us an idea. To stop it all, stand by your spouse
9Mnyonge Hana Haki “The Poor Have No Rights” by Remmy Ongala If you are on a journey, never hurry There are many problems on the road, so don’t hurry. I went on a journey, I arrived safely, I arrived peacefully. Peace What bitter words. I am a weakling, I have nothing to say in front of my peers. A bicycle has no say in front of a motorcycle, A motorcycle has no say in front of a car, A car has no say in front of a train, The poor and weak have no rights I am poor, I have no right to speak, Poor and weak in front of the powerful Weak as long as the powerful likes A hare has no say in front of the lion, A rat does not parade in front of a cat The poor can only lean on God, The poor have no rights
10Languages of AfricaIt is estimated that there are 1, different languages spoken in Africa.An estimated 3,000,000 people speak Swahili in Africa.It is the most widely spoken language of Eastern Africa.The names and language used in Disney’s ‘The Lion King’ were Swahili.
13“Bonse Aba” Comes from Zambia, Africa Written in Swahili Translation means “ All who sing with the spirit have a right to be called children of God.”Song is used in celebration and as a greeting.
14REVIEW Swahili is a naturally rhythmic language. Rhythm is a large part of African music.Along with ‘call and response’, highly complex rhythms are a large part of African music.
15Rhythm ReviewA Time Signature appears as a fraction and tells us how many beats are in a measure of music.A quarter note and a quarter rest get one beat of time.An eighth note and an eighth rest get half a beat of time.
17The Sixteenth NoteA sixteenth note receives ¼ of a beat. This means that 4 sixteenth notes can fit into 1 beat.Sixteenths have an extra flag on their stem.Sixteenth notes are counted ‘1-e-&-a, 2-e-&-a,”.Quarter Note- NO FLAGEighth Note- 1 FLAGSixteenth Note- 2 FLAGS
181 1 & One quarter note fills an entire beat of music. Two eighth notes fill 1 beat of music.Four sixteenth notes make 1 beat of music.11&1&ae
25The Sixteenth RESTA sixteenth rest receives ¼ of a beat. This means that 4 sixteenth rest can fit into 1 beat of musical time.Sixteenth rests have an extra flag on their stem.Sixteenth Rests are counted ‘1-e-&-a, 2-e-&-a,”.Quarter Rest- NO FLAGEighth Rest- 1 FLAGSixteenth Rest- 2 FLAGS1 e + a 2 e + a 3 e + a 4 e + a
261 1 & One quarter rest fills an entire beat of music. Two eighth rests fill 1 beat of music.Four sixteenth rests make 1 beat of music.112341&1+2+3+4+1&ae1 e + a 2 e + a 3 e + a 4 e + a
27Exam Thursday, 3/10/2011 Music Theory Quarter notes, eighth notes, sixteenth notes- Identify and count.Identify and count all rests.Time signatures and repeat sign.Jazz HistoryKnow the original purpose and meaning of African American spirituals.Be sure to have all the notes beginning with “Bonse Aba” (from Feb 1).
28Exam Thursday, 3/10/2011 Be sure to have… All notes starting from Feb 1.Notes can be found on my teacher website for new students.All worksheets: lessons 37, 38, 39, and 40.Excerpt 1 and 2 worksheet.