Presentation on theme: "By: Melissa, Nicole, Hager 1912 - 1994. From 1910 to the end of WWII, Korea was a Japanese colony. When the Japanese surrendered in WWII in 1945, Korea."— Presentation transcript:
By: Melissa, Nicole, Hager
From 1910 to the end of WWII, Korea was a Japanese colony. When the Japanese surrendered in WWII in 1945, Korea was divided into North and South Korea. North Korea invaded the South in 1950, spurring the Korean War, which was fought until 1953, when an armistice was signed. Before the Korean War, the North Korean economy was comprised mainly of agriculture, though some heavy industry was found.
End of WWII, appointed head of Provisional Peoples Committee. Korean Workers Party formed North Korea declares independence Juche President Kim Il Sung! Korean War begins Korean War ends with sign armistice Large scale purges and work camps Isolation of North Korea
Economy Droughts Rising Debts Mismanagement of the economy
Scared to be sent to work camps People were sentenced to life for crimes such as: Reading foreign newspapers Singing South Korean pop songs Disobeying Sungs authority Mocking the government
Those who disobeyed Sung were sent to work camps Life sentences for crimes Approximately between 150,000 to 200,000 political and criminal prisoners held in camps Stories that told what happened in work camps started to surface
Foreign interactions was prohibited as people would go to jail just for: Reading foreign newspapers Listening to foreign broadcasts and radios The government controlled what got out to the people Limited international relationships China Soviet Union Vietnam
Approximately three million killed during the Korean War Between 600,000 to one million citizens starved to death
In July 1994, Kim Il Sung died of a sudden heart attack at the age of eighty-two, and his son and successor, Kim Jong-Il, announced a ten-day mourning period. Since his death, Yeong Saeng – eternal life – monuments have been put up throughout the country, each dedicated to Kim Il Sung (The Eternal Leader). Remembered in three ways: the grandfather, the Stalin-like ruler, and the man who defeated both Japan and the U.S. In homes across North Korea, his picture and posters are hung up A university in Pyongyang is named after him
Kim Jong-Il was Kim Il Sungs eldest son and successor and was named secretary of the Communist Party in 1997 and consolidated his power with the title of National Defense Commission chairman in He held a meeting with Kim Dae-Jung, South Koreas leader, in It was the first time the leaders of the North and South had met since the split of Korea in In 2010, tensions increased as South Korea accused the North of sinking one of its warships with a torpedo. Technologically and economically, they are quite far behind South Korea and rely much on heavy industry as an export.
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