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The US Constitution is the HIGHEST law of the land 1) It is a living document (can always change) 2) basic framework of our govt A) lists govts powers.

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Presentation on theme: "The US Constitution is the HIGHEST law of the land 1) It is a living document (can always change) 2) basic framework of our govt A) lists govts powers."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The US Constitution is the HIGHEST law of the land 1) It is a living document (can always change) 2) basic framework of our govt A) lists govts powers B) Limits on govt powers C) gives people freedoms that cannot be taken by the govt

3 Limited Government National govt with limited powers with authority to pass laws only in the areas specifically listed in Article 1 of the constitution Legislative Branch

4 Article 1 Section 1: Congress – Senate (states) – House of Reps (people) Section 2: House of Rep – 1. election & terms of office: every 2 years – 2. Qualifications: must be 25, US citizen for 7 yrs & resident of state – 3. division of rep: based on population/redistributed *fun fact – 3/5 for slaves; no Native Americans – 4. vacancies: filled by special elections by state governor – 5. officers: Speaker of the House (3 rd in line)

5 Article 1 Section 3: Senate – Elected by the people – 2 per state; 100 total – Elected every 6 years – Need to be 30, citizen for 9 years, resident of state – President of the Senate = Vice President (tie-breaker) – Pre pro Tempore (if VP is absent) – Impeachment – 2/3 vote Section 4: Elections & Mtgs Section 5: Organization & Rules of Procedure Section 6: Privileges & Restrictions – Used to be paid $6 a day – Basic $174,000 – Majority/minority leader $193,400 – Pres. Pro Tempore $223,500 – VP $230,700

6 Article 1 Section 7: passing laws Section 8: powers granted to Congress Section 9: powers denied to the Federal Govt Section 10: Powers denied to the states

7 Separation of Powers Executive – president & federal agencies (enforce law) Legislative – Congress (makes laws or statutes) Judicial – Courts (clarifies law) Checks and Balances – no one branch can be too powerful veto

8 Judicial Review Court can deem a law unconstitutional 1) govt passed a law which the Constitution doesnt give it the power to pass 2) or law violates somebodys rights

9 State v. Federal Laws StateFederal Varies by state Ex. License age Every state has its own constitution Might have greater protection of rights Outlined by constitution Bill of Rights – defines & guarantees fundamental rights

10 Constitution Is difficult to change Need a 2/3 vote by both House of Congress OR Convention called by 2/3 of states Must be approved by ¾ of states Why change? Extend rights (27 amendments)


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