Presentation on theme: "Il Duce Mussolini Rise to Power. Italy during the 1920s & 1930s."— Presentation transcript:
Il Duce Mussolini Rise to Power
Italy during the 1920s & 1930s
What was Italy like during the 1920s & 1930s? o Democracies had been weakened by WWI and Great Depression o Many workers are crippled by WWI or unemployed o Italy feels cheated by Versailles Treaty o Many businessmen are worried about the communists seizing power o Led by a King-Victor Emmanuel III
Who was Benito Mussolini? oSon of a Communist blacksmith and a school teacher oNamed after Mexican Revolutionary
Continued… oCommunist Newspaper editor oWWI veteran (wounded himself with a hand grenade) o(against war 1911, then pro-Allies in WWI)
How does he become Il Duce (the Leader)? oPolitician who founded the Fascist Party in 1919 oWhat is Fascism?
What is Fascism? o Fascism: o Political Party oAdvocates totalitarianism oExtreme Nationalism oThe State is more important than the individual like Communism -but doesnt call for state ownership of property
Slogans: o Believe, Obey, Fight o The Country Is Nothing Without Conquest
What changes did Mussolini promise?: He promised : 1.To revive the economy and rebuild the Armed Forces 2.Anti-communist 3.Anti-democracy
oIndustrialist picked him as the lesser of two evils oMonarch or Fascist? oCreated the Black Shirts (Fascist Thugs) oMussolinis private army (thousands) obeat & sometimes killed communists and political rivals.
How does he seize power? o1922- o30,000 to 40,000 Fascists march from Milan to Rome and demanded that Mussolini be named Prime Minister of Italy. oThe King of Italy was worried that the Fascist would start a civil war so he agreed oMussolini therefore took power legally.
What did Mussolini do while in power? oWanted to rebuild Italy into the Roman Empire oOutlawed strikes oCensored the press oAllied with industrialists and large land owners oBuilt a strong military oStarted public works project to help during the Depression oSecret police jailed opposition leaders (Summarize 2 or 3 of these facts in your notes)
Il Duce (1922 to 1945) o1 st of the three great dictators of Europe to come to power oBut Mussolini never had absolute and total control over his nation like Stalin or Hitler.