Presentation on theme: "1.1C T HE CELL IS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIVING THINGS Miss Curd 7 th Grade Science."— Presentation transcript:
1.1C T HE CELL IS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIVING THINGS Miss Curd 7 th Grade Science
A NSWER THE FOLLOWING Summarize the four characteristics of life Describe the three basic needs of all living things What is the smallest unit of a living thing? Explain the difference between Unicellular and Multicellular organisms How did the invention of the microscope lead to the discovery of cells? What is the cell theory What did Louis Pasteur discover and what did he develop as a result? What is spontaneous generation? Is it a valid theory? Why or why not
L IVING THINGS VS. N ON LIVING THINGS What makes a living thing different from a non living thing? There are 4 characteristics of life Organization How is the body organized? The ability to develop and grow The ability to respond to the environment The ability to reproduce
W HAT DO LIVING THINGS NEED TO SURVIVE ? 3 basic needs: Energy Where does the energy come from? Plants use the Sun directly Animals use food from plants or other organisms that eat the plants Materials What kind of materials to organisms need? Carbon Dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen and water Where does most of this come from? Food Space to live and grow What happens if any of these requirements are missing?
W HAT ARE LIVING THINGS MADE OF ? Cells: smallest unit of a living thing Organisms can be unicellular or multicellular……..what’s the difference? Unicellular: made of a single cell and to small to see Multicellular: made up of many cells, each having a different function What is the difference between the needs and characteristics of a unicellular organism and a multicellular organism? All have the same needs and characteristics Unicellular: one cell carries out all of the activities for life Multicellular: cells are specialized to do different jobs
T HE IMPORTANCE OF THE MICROSCOPE Instrument that makes an object appear bigger than it is First came into use in the 1600’s Robert Hooke and Anton van Leeuwenhoek were some of the first to describe cells Hooke named the cell after looking at bark cells Van Leeuwenhoek described the cell after looking at pond water
D O ALL LIVING THINGS HAVE CELLS ? Scientists started studying samples from various forms of living matter Found cells in all of them Not all were exactly the same Saw that living cells divide All of these findings led to the Cell Theory 1. Every living thing is made of one or more cells 2. Cells carry out the functions needed to support life 3. Cells come only from other living cells What is a theory?
O THER I MPORTANT S CIENTISTS Matthais Schleiden concluded that all plants are made of cells Theodor Schwann concluded that all animals are made of cells Rudolf Virchow concluded that all cells come from other cells
L OUIS P ASTEUR Showed cell theory in the real world Microscopic organisms are a cause of both spoilage of food and disease Experiments showed that microscopic organisms (bacteria) were present in milk causing it to sour Developed a process of pasteurizations using heat to kill bacteria Started to wonder if these also caused illness in humans and animals Led to treatment of rabies in humans Disproved theory of spontaneous generation: the belief that bacteria grew from nonliving things