Presentation on theme: "Quiz When toilet training, it’s important to stay _______ and ___________. Children can drown in as little as ____ inch of water. What are sphincter muscles?"— Presentation transcript:
1 QuizWhen toilet training, it’s important to stay _______ and ___________.Children can drown in as little as ____ inch of water.What are sphincter muscles?__________ experiences during the day can cause children to feel insecure at night.You should introduce new foods to children every 3 days. TRUE or FALSEWhat would be a good shape of food for a child to be served?Children start dressing themselves at 5 years of age.At what age to little kids learn how to eat with a fork and feed themselves?What are 2 out of the 3 most important characteristics in choosing children’s clothing?
2 Answers Calm and encouraging 1 inch The muscles that control eliminationEmotionalFALSE – 4 daysStarFALSETwo years of ageClothing should be:ComfortableDurableEconomic
4 Emotional Patterns Emotional development tends to go in cycles. Periods of Negativism, Rebellion, Happiness, Calm and Stability*Remember* Every child is an individual and may or may notGo through the same stages at the same time
5 18 MonthsSELF-CENTEREDBegin to learn that not all needs will be met immediately (or ever)Love the word “No”Negativism
6 NEGATIVISM Doing the opposite of what others want. Why do toddlers do this?Want to be independent and do things their way.FrustrationRealize they are their own person
7 WHAT DO YOU DO ABOUT IT? POSITIVE GUIDANCE Give choices Redirect the childEncourage talking
8 TEMPER TANTRUMSReleasing anger or frustration by screaming, crying, kicking, pounding, and sometimes holding his or her breath.May occur until age 3 or 4What can you do when an child throws a tantrum?
9 REMAIN CALM!!!Ignore the tantrum if it’s occurring in the home and the child can’t hurt himselfIf in public move the child to a quiet spot to cool down or take the child home.
10 CASE STUDY #1Renee was shopping in the supermarket with her father. When her father said he would not buy some candy she wanted, Renee began to have a tantrum. Her father then put the candy in the shopping cart. What problems might this action cause?
11 2 years old More in control of emotions Fewer outbursts that are less intenseCan express love and affectionSeeks approval and praiseLess self-centered
14 2 and one-half years old Child enters another difficult stage May seem MORE difficult than 18 monthsFeel overwhelmedDesires exceed physical abilitiesFRUSTRATION!!!
15 2 and one-half years old Need consistency!! Same routine, same way, every dayHelps them cope and feel secure
16 DRIVE FOR INDEPENDENCE Resists pressure to conformSensitive about being “bossed around”Stubborn, demanding, domineeringFast changing moodsAlternates with dependencyREMEMBER LOVE AND PATIENCE!!!!
17 3 years old Sunny and cooperative More physically capable and less frustratedCRAVE praise and affection so modify behavior to win it from othersLike to talk
18 3 and one-half years old Insecure Fears are common May be scared of things that were not scary beforeMay start thumb sucking, nail biting, stuttering, or nose picking to relieve tension
19 SPECIFIC EMOTIONS Anger Three year olds less likely to kick or hit May name call, pout or scoldAim anger at a person or objectUsually temporary due to sickness, hunger, frustration, tiredness, etc.Respond in a controlled way.
20 Biting and Hitting Can be a serious situation Tell child this is inappropriate and physical attacks hurt othersDO NOT TRY TO DO THIS MID-TANTRUMProvide a safe substitute like a cloth to bite on or a pillow to hit
21 SPECIFIC EMOTIONS Fear One year: high places, strangers, loud noises Three years: the dark, animals, stormsSome fears are usefulCan sometimes be triggered by parent
22 Dealing with Fears Offer support Encourage talk and listen seriously Accept fear and avoid child forcing to confront it. It will go away on it’s ownRead books about children who experience fear
23 Dealing with Fears Make unfamiliar situations more secure. Discuss new experiences and events in advanceTeach the child how to control the situation
24 SEPARATION ANXIETYFear of being away from parents, family caregivers and the normal environment.How can you deal with separation anxiety?Spend time with child before leavingExplain you will be backSay good-bye and leave quickly
25 SPECIFIC EMOTIONS Jealousy Peaks at age 3 May be jealous of parents showing affection to each other
26 SIBLING RIVALRYCompetition between brothers or sisters for parents’ affection and attentionComes with birth of new babyMay show off, misbehave or revert to baby-like behaviors to get attention
27 What to do? Make sure each child knows they are loved and appreciated Set aside time with each child individuallyAvoid making comparing commentsDo not accept tattling
28 SPECIFIC EMOTIONS Love and affection Young children must learn to love Comes first for those satisfying physical needs.Then includes siblings, pets, and other people outside the home.Keep relationships strong but not smothering
29 SPECIFIC EMOTIONS Empathy Ability to put oneself in another’s place Although self-centered begin to understand their actions can hurt others between monthsTeach children to apologize and take steps to make the wronged person feel better
30 REMEMBER: Every child is different Temperament also must be taken into account.
31 Positive Self Concept Self-concept: How one see’s oneself Child forms this in response to actions, attitudes and comments of othersParents have the strongest influence on self-conceptChildren believe what they hear
32 Develop a Positive Self-Concept Tell the child they are goodGive children chance to explore and practice skillsDo not praise child and then correct what they have done
34 General Social Patterns SOCIALIZATION: Process of learning to get along with other people
35 18 months Closest relationships are with family members Parallel play Play independently near, but not actually with, another child.
36 2 years oldExcellent at understanding and interacting with her main caregiverLike to please others
37 2 and one-half years oldMay refuse to do things for one person but not for anotherCan respond to the idea of fairness
38 3 years old People are important Share, help, do things another person’s way just to pleaseCooperative playActually playing with another childParents no longer “all-powerful”
39 3 and one-half years old More complex play More conversation Disagreements with playmates occur lessMust learn to shareCompare themselves to other children
40 MAKING FRIENDS Important to normal social development Helps learn give-and-take of socializingIf unable or unwilling to make friends, try to find the causeThose who are only with adults may have difficulty interacting with peers
41 IMAGINARY FRIENDSSome have the same friend for a long period—several months to a yearCan start as early as age 2Can help child experiment with different feelingsUsually fade away
42 GUIDING TODDLERS Be clear and specific Limit the instructions Use positive wordsAvoid Don’tKeep it simpleBe firm
43 Promoting SharingLead children to activities in which they need to share or take turnsLimit materials so sharing is requiredUse children to pass out food or materials so they have opportunity to shareMake clear what you are encouraging
44 In the case of a “special” toy In the case of a “special” toy. It may be easier to put this toy away during play dates.
46 Assignment: Article Reviews Search through the “Today’s Parent” magazines for 2 articles on the topics we covered in Social and Emotional Development. Look for articles that cover the topic of:
47 Article Review General Emotional Patterns Negativism Desire for independenceFrustrationPositive GuidanceHandling Temper TantrumsAngerBiting and HittingFearJealousy (Sibling Rivalry)Love and AffectionEmpathyDeveloping a Positive Self-ConceptSocializationParallel PlayCooperative PlayPatterns of talkingMaking FriendsImaginary FriendsGuiding ToddlersToddler’s BehaviorPromoting Sharing
48 AssignmentThese articles should all be referring to Toddlers or Preschoolers.Read and fill-out the one review worksheet per article read.You only have till the end of class today to get as much done as you can. If you do not finish completely by the end of the class then hand in what you have finished.
50 Assignment:You have been given an occupation. You must make 1 power point slide (no title pages just 1 slide) about the occupation.
51 Content Title of occupation. Job description and responsibilities Work environment and hoursWho is suited to this jobWhat schooling is required
52 Send this to me by 3:15 today at the latest!!! I will check my to make sure I got it and then compile it into a large group presentation for the whole class.I will present this to the class so make sure I will be able to understand what you are trying to say.
53 When you are finished …Go to my website and complete any work you haven’t finished. If you’ve forgotten I can you your missing assignment list.Any questions?Go to it!