Presentation on theme: "Italian Renaissance Wealth, trade, and the Church."— Presentation transcript:
Italian Renaissance Wealth, trade, and the Church
Italian Renaissance ( A.D. )
European Population 11 th to 14 th centuries Justinian Reformation (533 A.D.) Black Death 1328
Italian City-States 14 th, 15 th, and 16 th Centuries Power and growth of European Empires Focus on mono-culturism Rise of humanistic studies, science, and arts Unstable political and economic situation
Italian City-States (cntd) 14 th, 15 th, and 16 th Centuries Shift in regional powers Volatility in economies, trade, social structures Main Point: economic, social, or political stability are not needed for intellectual and cultural experimentation.
Urban Wealth 12 th to 13 th Centuries-start and apex (Italy) Venice Concentration of wealth and the church: sin, sin, and damnation of the soul: usury!! Birth of City-States Monarchy vs. Regional Autonomy
City-States Firenze/Florence: City-State Medieval Period: Holy Roman Emperor vs. Roman Pope Space for autonomy Banking and Trade
City-States and Regions in Italy Early Renaissance Papal States (Romagna) Republic of Firenze and Venice Kingdom of Napoli Duchy of Milano
Concentration of Wealth Wealth: non-aristocratic vs. nobility Banking and middle class City-States: self-funded autonomy Reorganization of Social Structures Nobility and Banking interests Dwindling of nobility power and papacy
Social Structure in City-States Old nobility and merchant class Emergent capitalists and bankers Less wealthy merchants and tradespeople Poor and destitute (1/4 or population, approx) Domestic slaves
Commerce: a blessing or a curse? Deep class divisions Gender relations Slavery (Southern Italy-12 th century) Slaves: Muslims from Spain, North Africa, Crete, the Balkans, and the Ottoman Empire.
Commerce: a blessing or a curse? Slavery and domestic service Ownership: sell and “enjoyment” Off-spring and freedom Parental rights Plantation Slavery: Cyprus and Crete
Firenze Role as cultural center Rulers and glorification of wealth Patrons of arts, sciences, philosophy, architecture, literature Cosimo de’Medici: Platonic Academy Lorenzo and Piero de’Medici ( )
Conclusions Socio-economic and political changes led to intellectual, scientific, and artistic experimentation. Power struggles btx Roman Emperor and Pope open space for political autonomy in Italy. Trade and political autonomy facilitated the development of banking industry Concentration of wealth made possible the rise of City-States, trade, and reorganization of social structures Deep divisions between social classes: old nobility and merchant class; emergent capitalists and bankers; Less wealthy merchants and tradespeople; poor and destitute and domestic slaves
Conclusions Concentration of wealth ended the influential role of nobility. Commercial diversity (Sugar Cane Plantations) gave rise to plantation-style slavery during the Renaissance Church officials rose from the ranks of nobility; strong political roles focused on expanding power Last but not least: economic, social, or political stability are not needed for intellectual and cultural experimentation