Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Italian Renaissance Wealth, trade, and the Church.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Italian Renaissance Wealth, trade, and the Church."— Presentation transcript:

1 Italian Renaissance Wealth, trade, and the Church

2 Italian Renaissance ( A.D. )

3 European Population 11 th to 14 th centuries  Justinian Reformation (533 A.D.)  Black Death 1328

4 Italian City-States 14 th, 15 th, and 16 th Centuries  Power and growth of European Empires  Focus on mono-culturism  Rise of humanistic studies, science, and arts  Unstable political and economic situation

5 Italian City-States (cntd) 14 th, 15 th, and 16 th Centuries Shift in regional powers Volatility in economies, trade, social structures Main Point: economic, social, or political stability are not needed for intellectual and cultural experimentation.

6 Urban Wealth  12 th to 13 th Centuries-start and apex (Italy)  Venice  Concentration of wealth and the church: sin, sin, and damnation of the soul: usury!!  Birth of City-States  Monarchy vs. Regional Autonomy

7 City-States  Firenze/Florence: City-State  Medieval Period: Holy Roman Emperor vs. Roman Pope  Space for autonomy  Banking and Trade

8 City-States and Regions in Italy Early Renaissance  Papal States (Romagna)  Republic of Firenze and Venice  Kingdom of Napoli  Duchy of Milano

9 Concentration of Wealth  Wealth: non-aristocratic vs. nobility  Banking and middle class  City-States: self-funded autonomy  Reorganization of Social Structures  Nobility and Banking interests  Dwindling of nobility power and papacy

10 Social Structure in City-States  Old nobility and merchant class  Emergent capitalists and bankers  Less wealthy merchants and tradespeople  Poor and destitute (1/4 or population, approx)  Domestic slaves

11 Commerce: a blessing or a curse?  Deep class divisions  Gender relations  Slavery (Southern Italy-12 th century)  Slaves: Muslims from Spain, North Africa, Crete, the Balkans, and the Ottoman Empire.

12 Commerce: a blessing or a curse?  Slavery and domestic service  Ownership: sell and “enjoyment”  Off-spring and freedom  Parental rights  Plantation Slavery: Cyprus and Crete

13 Firenze  Role as cultural center  Rulers and glorification of wealth  Patrons of arts, sciences, philosophy, architecture, literature  Cosimo de’Medici:  Platonic Academy  Lorenzo and Piero de’Medici ( )

14 Conclusions  Socio-economic and political changes led to intellectual, scientific, and artistic experimentation.  Power struggles btx Roman Emperor and Pope open space for political autonomy in Italy.  Trade and political autonomy facilitated the development of banking industry  Concentration of wealth made possible the rise of City-States, trade, and reorganization of social structures  Deep divisions between social classes: old nobility and merchant class; emergent capitalists and bankers; Less wealthy merchants and tradespeople; poor and destitute and domestic slaves

15 Conclusions  Concentration of wealth ended the influential role of nobility.  Commercial diversity (Sugar Cane Plantations) gave rise to plantation-style slavery during the Renaissance  Church officials rose from the ranks of nobility; strong political roles focused on expanding power  Last but not least: economic, social, or political stability are not needed for intellectual and cultural experimentation

16 Questions?

17 Thank You


Download ppt "Italian Renaissance Wealth, trade, and the Church."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google