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Prevention & Treatment

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Presentation on theme: "Prevention & Treatment"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prevention & Treatment
s Prevention & Treatment Chapter 5 1

2 s If a person feels OK about his or her emotional health, there's nothing s/he needs to do. s MYTH Learning & practicing skills that promote emotional health can help people prevent problems in the future. s s FACT 2

3 Steps for Mental Fitness
1. Deal with Troublesome Feelings Being able to recognize & respond to troublesome feelings. Being able to recognize when family & friends are having troublesome feelings. s 3

4 Regular physical active linked to good emotional health.
2. Be Physically Active Regular physical active linked to good emotional health. "Clearing of the mind" Helps manage stress Improves self-esteem 4

5 s s 3. Get Enough Sleep Sleep's role in physical & mental health is often overlooked. Studies have shown that teens need more sleep than adults (Lamberg, 2009) s s 5

6 Tips for better sleep Avoid drugs Get exercise stick to a schedule
Create a sleep -friendly room s Tips for better sleep s Avoid long naps & sleep aids s stick to a schedule s Feel the sun in the day s Make a routine 6

7 Analyze Media Influences Keep a + Attitude Be Smart about Technology s
Being able to identify myths & misconceptions in media messages help make positive healthy decisions. People can train themselves to have a more positive expect ions for the coming week (2002). Recent study found that American teens exchange an average of 2,000 text messages a month (2009). 7

8 Social Norm Myths Stuff makes you happy. Showing disrespect is OK.
Suicide is romantic. s Violence solves problems. 8

9 Awareness of Media Influences
Being media literate 1. Who created this message? 2. What creative techniques were used to attract my attention? 3. How might other people understand this message? 4. What values, lifestyles and points of view does this message promote? Left out? 5. Why is this message being sent? 9

10 Skills That Support Emotional Health
Stress management s Goal Setting Communication s s Decision Making 10

11 VS s s s Healthy Coping Strategies: Being active Talking things out
Negative Coping Strategies Smoking, drinking, other drugs Emotional eating Zoning out in front of computer or TV Sleeping too much s Healthy Coping Strategies: Being active Talking things out Writing Taking things one step at a time Making healthy choices s VS 11

12 Communication s Includes all ways people send and receive information.
Can be verbal, nonverbal or both. Being able to express their needs and wishes, listen, set limits and resolve disagreements. s 12

13 Levels of Communication
Experts have identified 5 levels of communication (Fetro, 2000): 1. Cliche conversation - people rarely share any feelings or information about themselves. s 13

14 Levels of Communication
2. Giving information & reporting facts. - Involves reporting events without opinions and feelings. s 14

15 5. Self-disclosure 3. Expressing Ideas 4. Sharing Feelings s s s
Share information about themselves Begin to express thoughts, ideas, judgements & decisions. Most intimate form of communication. Share thoughts, ideas, foals and dreams. This moves people toward a state of understanding. Share emotions & feelings. Build trust 15

16 Make a comment that involves the person to respond. Start
Having a conversation Make a comment that involves the person to respond. Start Introduce a topic that involves some give and take. Keep it going Offer an appreciation & invitation to talk more or meet again. Finish Other helpful tips Say something positive about the other person Offer to help the person with something. Invite the person to do something or about interests. 16

17 Passive Assertive Aggressive s s s
May do things they don't want to do, or make excuses for not doing something rather than telling others how they actually feel. People say what they think & stand up for what they believe, want or need. Without hurting others or denying their rights. People insist on being "right" and often overreact. Blame or criticize others. 17

18 Refusal Skills Body language Key Points In effective NO s s s
The ability to say NO is an important skill that helps promote emotional health. Hands-off gestures Stiff body Serious expression Arms crossed Walking away Say NO clearly Use facial expressions Use tone of voice Use body language Repeat NO as many times as needed. Leave situation 18

19 Conflict Resolution Skills
Help people work of differences & disagreements. It is not always bad. Can lead to positive outcomes. 19

20 2. Hear different viewpoints
1. Set the Stage s 2. Hear different viewpoints s 3. Find common interest 20

21 s 4. Create options s 5. Evaluate options s 6. Create an agreement 21

22 Goal Setting SMART goals S (specific) M (measurable) A (attainable)
R ( relevant/realistic) T (time bound) 22

23 Decision Making s Identify the decision.
Gather information and examine resources List possible solutions List consequences of each solution. Choose the best solution and try it. Evaluate the decision. 23

24 Warning signs of Suicide Thoughts
Talking about a plan for suicide Expressing hopelessness or a sense of worthlessness Giving verbal hints such as "I won't be a problem for you much longer" Making direct statements about death or suicide s 24

25 Ongoing & family counseling
Treatment Assessment & referral s Crisis Intervention s Medicines s Ongoing & family counseling s s Support groups Brief counseling 25

26 Eating well, staying fit, getting enough sleep and having a positive attitude all contribute to emotional health. Electronic devices can create new sources of stress in young people's lives. Young people can practice a range of skills to boost their emotional health and reduce their risk for mental disorders. s 26

27 Connecting well with others promotes emotional health
Connecting well with others promotes emotional health. Making social connections depends on communication skills, including assertiveness, refusals and conflict resolution. Skills that allow young people to be productive and feel good about themselves included goal setting and decision making. s 27

28 Prevention programs work best when they involve many different settings and people and help develop a sense of connection to family, friends, school & community. Treatment for mental disorders can be matched to a person's circumstances and needs. Treatment works best when people seek help early. s 28

29 I Messages I – statements: Start with the word I.
Let you take responsibility for your own feelings. Are less likely to put the listener on the defensive. I – Statements usually have 4 parts: “I feel _____” Take responsibility for your feelings “when you ____” describe the problem behavior “because____” describe the consequence that make the behavior a problem.

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