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Map of United States Circa 1830

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Presentation on theme: "Map of United States Circa 1830"— Presentation transcript:

1 Map of United States Circa 1830
Manifest Destiny US History McIntyre Map of United States Circa 1830

2 What is Manifest Destiny?
American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast

3 What is “Manifest Destiny”
Belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast The idea that God gave Americans the continent and wanted them to settle western lands

4 US Territorial Expansion
When? A - 13 Original Colonies 1776 From Where? Great Britain Why? A US declared independence from Great Britain

5 US Territorial Expansion
When? B - Western Lands 1783 From Where? Great Britain Why? Part of results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War) A B

6 US Territorial Expansion
When? C - Louisiana Purchase 1803 From Where? France Why? Napoleon needed $ Jefferson wanted to buy New Orleans He got all of this instead! A C B

7 US Territorial Expansion
When? D - Florida 1819 From Where? Spain Why? Andrew Jackson invaded Spain then sold it to us for $5 million in the Adams-Onis Treaty A C B D

8 Thinking Question (don’t write this down!! Just think!) Why weren’t Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history?

9 Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk Elected 11th President in 1845-1849
Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other President Died 103 days after his single term ended Born in Pineville, NC UNC Chapel Hill graduate Democrat Settled the disputed Oregon territory

10 US Territorial Expansion
When? E - Texas 1845 From Where? Republic of Texas (Independent Country) Why? Texas independent from Mexico in 1836 Northerners feared it would become a slave state Fears finally overcome in 1844 Presidential election A C B E D

11 Texas Mexico invited Americans gave cheap land Mexican citizens
live under their laws convert to Catholicism

12 Empresarios Stephen Austin
Promised to fill land with a certain number of people

13 Don’t Mess with Texas After attempts to become independent, Mexico closed borders to all Americans Banned slave labor Taxed imports

14 What is Texas? DO NOT WRITE
Ruled by Mexico or Empresarios? The settlers did not bother to learn Spanish or convert to Catholicism.

15 Texas / Lone Star Republic timeline
1821 – Mexico becomes independent of Spain – Mexico offers land grants to settlers 1823 – Stephen Austin led 300 families to Texas 1830 – Mexico closes the border to the US 1836 – the Battle of the Alamo 1836 – Texas declares its Independence from Mexico 1845 – Texas becomes the 28th state

16 Texas war

17 Alamo today

18 US Territorial Expansion
When? F - Oregon Territory 1846 From Where? Great Britain Why? Claimed by four countries (G. Britain, Russia, Spain, & US) Americans demanded “54° 40’ or fight!” Britain compromised 49° & US accepted F A C B E D

19 US Territorial Expansion
When? G - Mexican Cession 1848 From Where? Mexico Why? Polk offers to buy G from Mexico & they refuse War! US wins In Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for G F A C B G E D

20 US Territorial Expansion
When? H-Gadsden Purchase 1848 From Where? Mexico Why? Needed for completion of Railroads Purchase for $10 million F A C B G E D H

21 Land acquisitions map

22 Squatters Settled on lands they did not own
WHO WENT WEST? Squatters Settled on lands they did not own Preemption Act of 1830: government guaranteed squatters could claim land and buy up to 160 acres at 1.25$/acre

23 Advances Jethro Wood: iron-bladed plow
John Deere: plow with sharp edged steel blades Cyrus McCormick: reaper pulled by horse/mule

24 Prairie Schooner

25 Trails map

26 Oregon Trail Developed by early traders and fur trappers, known as Mountain Men. Independence, Missouri to Portland, Oregon People began moving to Oregon in the 1830’s, and by there were over 5,000 whites permanently settled in the Oregon Territory The journey took several months and was very difficult. Settlers endured: Rough roads/trails Sickness Indian attacks Hot summers, cold winters

27 Santa Fe Trail Trade route between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico Traders developed a caravan system to pass through dangerous Indian lands Settlers adopted this technique to get to California, Oregon, and Utah People gained economically from the trade, but also realized there was a lot of open land with little control by the Mexican government

28 Mormons 1830 – Joseph Smith founded the Mormon church in Kirkland, Ohio 1839 – Following grew to 15,000; they moved west to Illinois, where Joseph Smith was killed 1847 – Brigham Young led the Mormons west, where they eventually ended up in present day Salt Lake City, Utah

29 What about the Native Americans?
Traded goods and information with settlers Treaty of Fort Laramie: 8 groups agreed to boundaries in return for that land being theirs forever

30 Discussion Question (Don’t write!! Just think!)
Why does the U.S. keep offering countries money for territories we gain through war (Ex. Florida and Mexico)?

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