Presentation on theme: "Map of United States Circa 1830"— Presentation transcript:
1 Map of United States Circa 1830 Manifest DestinyUS History McIntyreMap of United States Circa 1830
2 What is Manifest Destiny? American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast
3 What is “Manifest Destiny” Belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coastThe idea that God gave Americans the continent and wanted them to settle western lands
4 US Territorial Expansion When?A - 13 Original Colonies1776From Where?Great BritainWhy?AUS declared independence from Great Britain
5 US Territorial Expansion When?B - Western Lands1783From Where?Great BritainWhy?Part of results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War)AB
6 US Territorial Expansion When?C - Louisiana Purchase1803From Where?FranceWhy?Napoleon needed $Jefferson wanted to buy New OrleansHe got all of this instead!ACB
7 US Territorial Expansion When?D - Florida1819From Where?SpainWhy?Andrew Jackson invadedSpain then sold it to us for $5 million in the Adams-Onis TreatyACBD
8 Thinking Question(don’t write this down!! Just think!)Why weren’t Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history?
9 Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk Elected 11th President in 1845-1849 Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other PresidentDied 103 days after his single term endedBorn in Pineville, NCUNC Chapel Hill graduateDemocratSettled the disputed Oregon territory
10 US Territorial Expansion When?E - Texas1845From Where?Republic of Texas (Independent Country)Why?Texas independent from Mexico in 1836Northerners feared it would become a slave stateFears finally overcome in 1844 Presidential electionACBED
11 Texas Mexico invited Americans gave cheap land Mexican citizens live under their lawsconvert to Catholicism
12 Empresarios Stephen Austin Promised to fill land with a certain number of people
13 Don’t Mess with TexasAfter attempts to become independent, Mexico closed borders to all AmericansBanned slave laborTaxed imports
14 What is Texas? DO NOT WRITE Ruled by Mexico or Empresarios?The settlers did not bother to learn Spanish or convert to Catholicism.
15 Texas / Lone Star Republic timeline 1821 – Mexico becomes independent of Spain– Mexico offers land grants to settlers1823 – Stephen Austin led 300 families to Texas1830 – Mexico closes the border to the US1836 – the Battle of the Alamo1836 – Texas declares its Independence from Mexico1845 – Texas becomes the 28th state
18 US Territorial Expansion When?F - Oregon Territory1846From Where?Great BritainWhy?Claimed by four countries (G. Britain, Russia, Spain, & US)Americans demanded “54° 40’ or fight!”Britain compromised 49° & US acceptedFACBED
19 US Territorial Expansion When?G - Mexican Cession1848From Where?MexicoWhy?Polk offers to buy G from Mexico & they refuseWar!US winsIn Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for GFACBGED
20 US Territorial Expansion When?H-Gadsden Purchase1848From Where?MexicoWhy?Needed for completion of RailroadsPurchase for $10 millionFACBGEDH
22 Squatters Settled on lands they did not own WHO WENT WEST?SquattersSettled on lands they did not ownPreemption Act of 1830: government guaranteed squatters could claim land and buy up to 160 acres at 1.25$/acre
23 Advances Jethro Wood: iron-bladed plow John Deere: plow with sharp edged steel bladesCyrus McCormick: reaper pulled by horse/mule
26 Oregon TrailDeveloped by early traders and fur trappers, known as Mountain Men.Independence, Missouri to Portland, OregonPeople began moving to Oregon in the 1830’s, and by there were over 5,000 whites permanently settled in the Oregon TerritoryThe journey took several months and was very difficult. Settlers endured:Rough roads/trailsSicknessIndian attacksHot summers, cold winters
27 Santa Fe TrailTrade route between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New MexicoTraders developed a caravan system to pass through dangerous Indian landsSettlers adopted this technique to get to California, Oregon, and UtahPeople gained economically from the trade, but also realized there was a lot of open land with little control by the Mexican government
28 Mormons1830 – Joseph Smith founded the Mormon church in Kirkland, Ohio1839 – Following grew to 15,000; they moved west to Illinois, where Joseph Smith was killed1847 – Brigham Young led the Mormons west, where they eventually ended up in present day Salt Lake City, Utah
29 What about the Native Americans? Traded goods and information with settlersTreaty of Fort Laramie: 8 groups agreed to boundaries in return for that land being theirs forever
30 Discussion Question (Don’t write!! Just think!) Why does the U.S. keep offering countries money for territories we gain through war (Ex. Florida and Mexico)?
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