Presentation on theme: "Manifest Destiny US History McIntyre Map of United States Circa 1830."— Presentation transcript:
Manifest Destiny US History McIntyre Map of United States Circa 1830
2 What is Manifest Destiny? American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast
3 What is “Manifest Destiny” Belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast The idea that God gave Americans the continent and wanted them to settle western lands
4 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1776 Great Britain US declared independence from Great Britain A - 13 Original Colonies
5 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1783 Great Britain Part of results of Treaty of Paris (ended Revolutionary War) B B - Western Lands
6 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1803 France Napoleon needed $ Jefferson wanted to buy New Orleans He got all of this instead! B C - Louisiana Purchase C
7 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1819 Spain Andrew Jackson invaded Spain then sold it to us for $5 million in the Adams- Onis Treaty B D - Florida D C
8 Thinking Question (don’t write this down!! Just think!) Why weren’t Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history?
9 Mr. Manifest Destiny James K. Polk Elected 11 th President in Added more territory to the US (by any means) than any other President Died 103 days after his single term ended Born in Pineville, NC UNC Chapel Hill graduate Democrat Settled the disputed Oregon territory
10 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1845 Republic of Texas (Independent Country) Texas independent from Mexico in 1836 Northerners feared it would become a slave state Fears finally overcome in 1844 Presidential election B E - Texas D C E
11 Texas Mexico invited Americans gave cheap land Mexican citizens live under their laws convert to Catholicism
12 Empresarios Stephen Austin Promised to fill land with a certain number of people
13 Don’t Mess with Texas After attempts to become independent, Mexico closed borders to all Americans Banned slave labor Taxed imports
14 What is Texas? DO NOT WRITE Ruled by Mexico or Empresarios? The settlers did not bother to learn Spanish or convert to Catholicism.
15 Texas / Lone Star Republic timeline 1821 – Mexico becomes independent of Spain – Mexico offers land grants to settlers 1823 – Stephen Austin led 300 families to Texas 1830 – Mexico closes the border to the US 1836 – the Battle of the Alamo 1836 – Texas declares its Independence from Mexico 1845 – Texas becomes the 28 th state
16 Texas war
17 Alamo today
18 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1846 Great Britain Claimed by four countries (G. Britain, Russia, Spain, & US) Americans demanded “54 ° 40’ or fight!” Britain compromised 49 ° & US accepted B F - Oregon Territory D C E F
19 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1848 Mexico Polk offers to buy G from Mexico & they refuse War! US wins In Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, US offers $15 million for G B G - Mexican Cession D C E F G
20 US Territorial Expansion A When? From Where? Why? 1848 Mexico Needed for completion of Railroads Purchase for $10 million B H-Gadsden Purchase D C E F G H
21 Land acquisitions map
22 Squatters Settled on lands they did not own Preemption Act of 1830: government guaranteed squatters could claim land and buy up to 160 acres at 1.25$/acre WHO WENT WEST?
23 Advances Jethro Wood: iron-bladed plow John Deere: plow with sharp edged steel blades Cyrus McCormick: reaper pulled by horse/mule
24 Prairie Schooner
25 Trails map
26 Oregon Trail Developed by early traders and fur trappers, known as Mountain Men. Independence, Missouri to Portland, Oregon People began moving to Oregon in the 1830’s, and by 1844 there were over 5,000 whites permanently settled in the Oregon Territory The journey took several months and was very difficult. Settlers endured: Rough roads/trails Sickness Indian attacks Hot summers, cold winters
27 Santa Fe Trail Trade route between Independence, Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico Traders developed a caravan system to pass through dangerous Indian lands Settlers adopted this technique to get to California, Oregon, and Utah People gained economically from the trade, but also realized there was a lot of open land with little control by the Mexican government
28 Mormons 1830 – Joseph Smith founded the Mormon church in Kirkland, Ohio 1839 – Following grew to 15,000; they moved west to Illinois, where Joseph Smith was killed 1847 – Brigham Young led the Mormons west, where they eventually ended up in present day Salt Lake City, Utah
29 What about the Native Americans? Traded goods and information with settlers Treaty of Fort Laramie: 8 groups agreed to boundaries in return for that land being theirs forever
30 Discussion Question (Don’t write!! Just think!) Why does the U.S. keep offering countries money for territories we gain through war (Ex. Florida and Mexico)?