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Martin 2011 Traveling Through Six Kingdoms An Introduction to the Three Domains/ Six Kingdoms of Life.

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Presentation on theme: "Martin 2011 Traveling Through Six Kingdoms An Introduction to the Three Domains/ Six Kingdoms of Life."— Presentation transcript:

1 Martin 2011 Traveling Through Six Kingdoms An Introduction to the Three Domains/ Six Kingdoms of Life

2 Characteristics of Life  All living things have CELLS:  All living things respond to their environment  All Living things reproduce  All living things use energy  All living things grow and develop  All living things adapt through evolution

3 Two Types of Cells Prokaryote  Simple cells  DNA not in nucleus Eukaryote  Complex cells  DNA in nucleus

4 Prokaryotes: Two Domains, Two Kingdoms Domain: Archaea Kingdome:Archaebacteria Domain: Bacteria Domain: Eubacteria

5 Kingdom Archeabacteria  May be the oldest form of life: lived billion years ago  Most live in extreme places similar to our young Earth: deep sea vents, boiling mud around volcanoes, very salty water (Dead Sea), acidic water  Extremophiles

6 Specs:  Unicellular: One cell  Prokaryote: DNA is not in a nucleus  Most are Heterotrophs ; a few are Autotrophs  Asexual reproduction

7 Kingdom: Eubacteria  Live all around us, in us, and on us  Most are very useful: Break down waste Make cheese and yogurt Make Vitamin K Make Oxygen  A few cause disease

8 Specs  Unicellular : one cell  Prokaryote: DNA is not in a nucleus  Most are Heterotroph; a few are Autotrophs  Live under “normal” conditions  Chemical composition is very different form Archeabacteria: Different type of DNA  Asexual reproduction

9 Let’s Look at a Few Shapes Cocci Bacilli Spirilla (round) (rod)(spiral)

10 Domain Eukarya : Four Kingdoms ProtistaFungi ProtistaFungi PlantaeAnimalia PlantaeAnimalia

11 Kingdom: Protista The “Leftover” Kingdom  Plant-like  Animal-like  Fungus-like

12 Specs  **Unicellular OR Multicellular  Eukaryote: DNA is in a nucleus nucleus  **Heterotrophs and Autotrophs  **Asexual AND sexual reproduction **most common **most common

13 A Peep into Kingdom Protista /Swimmng-Paramecium /Amoeba-Phagocytosis

14 Kingdom Fungi  Mushrooms, molds and mildews  Most are useful (food, decomposers)  A few cause disease: Athlete’s foot Ringworm Serious plant diseases

15 Specs  Most are Multicellular  Eukaryotes: DNA is in a nucleus  ALL are Heterotrophs Decomposers (dead material) Decomposers (dead material) Parasites (living material) Parasites (living material)  Asexual AND **Sexual reproduction

16 Kingdom Plantae From tiny Mosses to giant Redwood trees, all plants use Photosynthesis to obtain energy

17 Specs  ALL are Multicellular  Eukaryotes: DNA is in a nucleus  ALL are Autotrophs Contain Chlorophyll (green pigment) for Photosynthesis Contain Chlorophyll (green pigment) for Photosynthesis  **Sexual and asexual reproduction

18 Kingdom Animalia  Most animals can MOVE to find food (at least during part of their life cycle)  All animals must EAT Carnivore (Animals/ meat) Carnivore (Animals/ meat) Herbivore (Plants) Herbivore (Plants) Omnivore (Both plant and animal) Omnivore (Both plant and animal) Detritivore (Dead material) Detritivore (Dead material) Parasites (Living material) Parasites (Living material)

19 Specs  ALL are Multicellular  Eukaryotes: DNA is in a nucleus  ALL are Heterotrophs  Most Move  **Sexual and asexual reproduction

20 The Animal Kingdom at a Glance

21 Thank you for visiting the Six Kingdoms of Life


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