Presentation on theme: "Lifestyles in the 19th Century Chapter 5. Lifestyles Includes such things as housing, diet, transportation, communication and entertainment. In the."— Presentation transcript:
Lifestyles in the 19th Century Chapter 5
Lifestyles Includes such things as housing, diet, transportation, communication and entertainment. In the 1800’s, housing, eating habits and social activities were directly related to people’s livelihoods. EX: the lifestyle of a merchant would be different from a fisherman
Lifestyles Lifestyles of people were shaped by where people lived, how they earned a living, resources available to them and the traditions they followed.
Housing A Person’s house reflected how they made a living. i.e. Fishermen would live near the sea, lumberjacks would be further inland closer to the forest
Labrador Many fishermen lived in Tilts during the summer fishing season. Tilts - A structure made of logs and packed with moss Labrador residents lived in smaller more isolated groups to have easier access to natural resources.
In the Cities In St. John’s row houses were common for the middle class Business men and government officials could afford to build larger and more elaborate homes.
Types of Houses Salt Box - Square house with peaked roof design. Square Roof - Square house with flat roof Mansard Roof - Has a curved shaped roof pointing outwards at the bottom.
The Interior The kitchen was the most used room in the house Here the family ate, worked, and entertained themselves
Housing pg. 98 Questions: 1. Describe the home of a fisherman in Labrador. 2. Describe the housing of people in business and government. 3. What is a saltbox house? 4. Describe 2 types of roof designs in Newfoundland. 5. Why was the kitchen considered to be important in a house ?
Food and Diet The types of food people ate in the 1800’s varied depending on their economic status. Aboriginal People consumed food from the land and sea. Self-sufficient NL settlers also ate game and fish, especially cod. Once settled, they would rely on their own gardens and vegetables.
Food and Diet Wealthy families were able to purchase expensive luxuries like spices and dried fruits. Many foods, like flour, tea, peas, etc.. were imported from the west indies and Euro By 1924, Newfoundlanders were manufacturing many of their own food products.
Questions Food and Diet p Give some examples of food consumed by Aboriginal peoples 2. What would wealthier families do with their expensive luxuries? 3. What improved distribution of locally made products throughout NL? 4. What food, now considered a delicacy, was regarded as a food for the poor and destitute?
Entertainment and Recreation There was not a lot of spare time in the 1800’s/1900’s for recreational activities. Characteristic people were valued for their ability to tell stories and histories.
Entertainment Storytelling: the telling of legends and fables which forms a community’s collective memory. Song, music, dance, and card playing. Guy Fawkes Night (bonfire night) Nov 5 th. Big events: weddings, holidays, the end to trapping season...
Christmas Special Food Gifts could include things like meat and fish Each community had their own traditions, while others were universal across the island.
Entertainment and Recreation “Copying Pans” – children jump from one floating ice pan to another as a form of entertainment. Mummering – disguised people visit homes during the winter. Games – rounders, piddly, tug o war – Many life skills were practiced in childhood games. Sports – The Royal St. John’s Regatta
Questions Pg ) How did Aboriginal peoples entertain themselves? 2) Name 2 of them most common instruments used in traditional NF music. 3) Name 2 summer activities 4) What is a Nalujuit? what did it do? 5) What children’s activities originated because people lived by the sea? 6) What did children use as snow slides?
Community Life The church played an active role, providing many services including education. The church was often the center of religious, social and educational life: choir, Sunday School. Schools were run by charitable organizations or missionary groups. Newfoundland School Society aimed to provide free education to all denominations.
Health Care The basis of health care in 1800’s was community. Used plants and home remedies passed down from generation to generation Women took care of the sick and pregnant but trained nurses were a minority. Few hospitals as most medical care took place in the home. Poverty and poor diet caused numerous diseases.
Questions pg What is the NSS, and why did it gradually decline? 2. What was done to cure snow blindness? 3. What was the purpose of hospitals? 4.List 5 facts about Sir Wilfred Grenfell and Mary Southcott.
Communications Contact with the outside world was limited. The “grapevine” (word of mouth) and mail were used to communicate. Communication was improved with the Telegraph, using morris code NL became connected with the rest of North America. via underwater cables
Communications Dec. 12 th, 1901, Marconi received first wireless radio signal from England, on Signal Hill. (Cabot Tower).
Transportation The sea isolated Newfoundlanders but it also was a principal link to the rest of the world. The steamer increased transportation, postal services, and newspaper distribution. Roads were rare and inaccessible during winter.
Transportation Travel existed by sled and dog, snowshoes and canoes The railway construction in the late 1800’s increased transportation and opened up the island.
Questions pg ) Who were the main contacts communities had with the outside world? 2) What 2 points was the first transatlantic message between? 3) What did residents do when steamers arrived in their town? 4) Name 2 things Steamers brought with them