We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKane Badman
Modified over 2 years ago
Organic Compounds All living things are made of organic compounds. Contain the element Carbon Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids
Carbohydrates Monomer- monosaccharide Function- energy source and structure Tests: glucose-Benedicts starch- Iodine fructose Ex. Cellulose, glycogen, starch
Lipids Made of fatty acids and glycerol Function- energy storage and insulation Tests: brown paper test Examples: fats and steroids Lipid vs. water
Nucleic Acids Monomer- nucleotide Function- carry genetic information Ex. DNA and RNA
Proteins Monomer- amino acids Function- building and repairing cells, communication, transport, and regulation Tests- Biurets Examples: enzymes, hemoglobin
Enzymes Catalysts in living things Specific to a particular substrate Reusable Affected by temperature and pH
Cells Prokaryotes Simple, no membrane bound organelles Bacteria only One circular chromosome Includes: chromosome, ribosomes, and plasma membrane Eukaryotes Membrane bound organelles Plants and Animals True nucleus containing chromosomes
Nucleus “Control Center” Contains chromosomes
Mitochondria Singular: Mitochondrion “Powerhouse” of the cell Produces energy in the form of ATP Site of Aerobic respiration
Chloroplast Site of photosynthesis Plant cells ONLY Contains the pigment chlorophyll
Vacuole Storage of excess materials Plant cells usually contain one large vacuole
Ribosomes Proteins are synthesized Found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Plasma Membrane aka: Cell Membrane Surrounds the cell Regulates what enters/leaves the cell Helps maintain homeostasis Made of phospholipids with embedded proteins
Cell Wall Plant cells ONLY Surrounds cell and provides support and protection. Made of cellulose
Eukaryotes Plant Cell wall Chloroplast Large central vacuole Animal
Diffusion Form of passive transport (NO ENERGY NEEDED) across a membrane Solutes move from high concentration to low concentration
Osmosis Diffusion of water (also passive transport)
Active Transport Particles moving against the concentration gradient which REQUIRES ENERGY (ATP) Low concentration to high concentration
Photosynthesis Water and Carbon Dioxide used to produce Glucose and Oxygen H 2 O+CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 +O 2 Occurs in the chloroplast
Aerobic Respiration Used to release energy (ATP) for cellular use C 6 H 12 O 6 +O 2 H 2 O+CO 2 Occurs in the mitochondria
Autotroph vs. Heterotroph Obtain energy from the environment Photosynthesis or chemosynthesis “Producers” Obtain energy from other living things “Consumers”
Antibiotic and Pesticide Resistance Populations will eventually become resistant to pesticides and antibiotics with overuse
Viruses Not considered living things Pathogens that can mutate to resist vaccines Ex. HIV, Influenza, Smallpox
CST Practice Time: Cell Biology. 1. Compared to a skin cell, a muscle cell is likely to have more F Golgi bodies G mitochondria H cell membranes J chloroplasts.
The Cell in Action Guided Notes. What you should already know… Cell membrane – a phospholipid layer that covers a cells surface; acts as a barrier between.
Basic Chemistry Chapter 2. Atoms Matter All matter is made of atoms All matter is made of atomsAtoms Atoms consist of electrons, protons, and neutrons.
LN# 8 Cells. Cells Cells are the basic unit of living organisms. The cell theory describes the connection between living things and cells. The cell theory.
An Overview of the Cell With a focus on Plant and Animal Cell Structures.
Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function. Anton van Leeuwenhoek Father of the microscope s used lens technology fabric quality telescope same time.
For each statement, write true or false If the answer is false, write WHY it is false.
Biochemistry Notes Biochemistry Biochemistry Study of science that explores how properties of CHEMICALS make life possible.
Unit 3 Structure and Function Notes Part 1 Its Alive or, Is It? M. Elizabeth Martin Luther King, Jr. JHS 2006.
Eukaryotic Cell Structures & Functions Ch7.3 (Ch7 Vocabulary Guide)
How do cells maintain balance? Cells need to maintain a balance by controlling material that move in & out of the cell HOMEOSTASIS.
Warm-Up 3/5 #16 Sketch the following cell and label as many parts as you can.
BIOLOGY CST Review PowerPoint Day 1: Standards. 1a -1h.
Cell Structure and Function Discovering Cells Looking Inside Cells Chemical Compounds in Cells The Cell in Its Environment Table of Contents.
Cell Organelles © J Beauchemin Cell Organelles Organelle= “little organ” Found only inside eukaryotic cells All the stuff in between the organelles.
CH. 7 – CELLS. I. CELLS A. What is a cell? 1. Cell – the smallest unit of matter that can carry on all the processes of life.
Cell Structures, Transport & Homeostasis, and Role of Enzymes Biology EOCT Review Created Spring 2012.
Chapter 19 The Chemistry of Life. The Molecules of Life 4 molecules necessary for life functions formed from smaller subunits – proteins – carbohydrates.
Structure and Function Chapter 4 What importance do cells have to life?
Miss Ts Biochemistry Review. All organic molecules contain what element?
The Life of a Cell. Chemistry Element - A substance that can not be broken down into simpler substance. Trace elements are found in living things in very.
Cell Structures and Functions By: Katy Nichols and Corey Huffman.
Chapter 6 and 7 AP Biology. Cells are the basic unit of structural and functional unit of living things. English scientist named Robert Hooke made a simple.
Macromolecules large (or sometimes very large) organic molecules large (or sometimes very large) organic molecules Organic chemistry – deals with compounds.
2.3 Carbon-Based Molecules KEY CONCEPT Carbon-based molecules are the foundation of life.
The Cell Factory. ORGANELLE is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions. is a specific structure of a cell having specialized functions.cell.
Biochemistry to Cells Chapters 2 and 3. Anatomy is Structure, Physiology is function Anatomy – Study of internal and external structure – i.e. structure.
Cell Structures and Functions Guided Notes – Part 2.
Biology AHSGE Standard IV- Cell Organelles. Biology AHSGE Biology Standard 4. Describe similarities and differences of cell organelles, using diagrams.
6.1 All organisms are made of cells. I. The Cell Theory A.In 1655 Robert Hooke observed compartments in a thin slice of cork which he named cells B.In.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.