We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKane Badman
Modified over 2 years ago
Organic Compounds All living things are made of organic compounds. Contain the element Carbon Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids
Carbohydrates Monomer- monosaccharide Function- energy source and structure Tests: glucose-Benedicts starch- Iodine fructose Ex. Cellulose, glycogen, starch
Lipids Made of fatty acids and glycerol Function- energy storage and insulation Tests: brown paper test Examples: fats and steroids Lipid vs. water
Nucleic Acids Monomer- nucleotide Function- carry genetic information Ex. DNA and RNA
Proteins Monomer- amino acids Function- building and repairing cells, communication, transport, and regulation Tests- Biurets Examples: enzymes, hemoglobin
Enzymes Catalysts in living things Specific to a particular substrate Reusable Affected by temperature and pH
Cells Prokaryotes Simple, no membrane bound organelles Bacteria only One circular chromosome Includes: chromosome, ribosomes, and plasma membrane Eukaryotes Membrane bound organelles Plants and Animals True nucleus containing chromosomes
Nucleus “Control Center” Contains chromosomes
Mitochondria Singular: Mitochondrion “Powerhouse” of the cell Produces energy in the form of ATP Site of Aerobic respiration
Chloroplast Site of photosynthesis Plant cells ONLY Contains the pigment chlorophyll
Vacuole Storage of excess materials Plant cells usually contain one large vacuole
Ribosomes Proteins are synthesized Found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Plasma Membrane aka: Cell Membrane Surrounds the cell Regulates what enters/leaves the cell Helps maintain homeostasis Made of phospholipids with embedded proteins
Cell Wall Plant cells ONLY Surrounds cell and provides support and protection. Made of cellulose
Eukaryotes Plant Cell wall Chloroplast Large central vacuole Animal
Diffusion Form of passive transport (NO ENERGY NEEDED) across a membrane Solutes move from high concentration to low concentration
Osmosis Diffusion of water (also passive transport)
Active Transport Particles moving against the concentration gradient which REQUIRES ENERGY (ATP) Low concentration to high concentration
Photosynthesis Water and Carbon Dioxide used to produce Glucose and Oxygen H 2 O+CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 +O 2 Occurs in the chloroplast
Aerobic Respiration Used to release energy (ATP) for cellular use C 6 H 12 O 6 +O 2 H 2 O+CO 2 Occurs in the mitochondria
Autotroph vs. Heterotroph Obtain energy from the environment Photosynthesis or chemosynthesis “Producers” Obtain energy from other living things “Consumers”
Antibiotic and Pesticide Resistance Populations will eventually become resistant to pesticides and antibiotics with overuse
Viruses Not considered living things Pathogens that can mutate to resist vaccines Ex. HIV, Influenza, Smallpox
Goal 2 The learner will develop an understanding of the physical, chemical, and cellular basis of life.
Biochemistry Review 1 May 24, Organic Molecules Organic molecules are those that include carbon. There are four classes of organic molecules:
EOCT Review Day 1: Cells. SB1. Students will analyze the nature of the relationships between structures and functions in living cells. a. Explain the.
EOC Review: Biochemistry, Enzymes, Cell, and Cell Transport Christopherson.
1 Label the forms of active transport. 2 Endocytosis Exocytosis.
Open your journals to the Red Onion Lab What type of solution is the salt water? What type of solution is the distilled water? Which cell structure was.
Jeopardy $100 Macro- Molecules 1 Macro- Molecules 2 Cells 1Cells 2 Cellular Transport $200 $300 $400 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100.
Jeopardy Bio-ChemCells Cell Transport Cell Energy Anything Goes Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Final Jeopardy.
All organic compounds contain what element? Carbon What are the two other elements most commonly found in organic compounds? Hydrogen and Oxygen Nitrogen.
Goal 2 Physical, chemical and cellular basis of life.
Physical, chemical and cellular basis of life.. Contain carbon Molecules of living things Make up all living things Examples: Humans, Trees, Bees, Fungi,
What is an enzyme? Type of protein. Catalyzes / Speeds up a chemical reaction. Decreases Energy of Activation.
Biochemistry Identify the four basic macromolecules Nucleic Acids Proteins Carbohydrates Lipids.
Aim: How can we apply our knowledge of biology? Part II Do Now: Start Filling out packet HW: Complete Castle Learning: Midterm Review (Due Wednesday) Review.
Organic Compounds All living things are made of organic compounds. Contain the element Carbon Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids.
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt 2pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4pt 5 pt 1pt Organelles Cell TransportMacromoleculesEnergy.
Chemical Compounds Molecule Movement Photosynthesis Compound Functions Misc. Cellular Respiration.
Standard 2 – Exam Review $100 The Chemistry Of Life Macromolec ules & Transport Cell Structure & Function Metabolism Cell Growth & Division $200 $300 $400.
Day 1: Cells 1. Prokaryotes No nucleus Simple Very few organelles Unicellular Ex: Archaebacteria Eubacteria Eukaryotes Nucleus Complex.
PA Remediation Goals 2.01, 2.02, Organic Compounds Carbo- hydrates ProteinsLipids Nucleic Acids Made of? (elements) Monomer Polymer TestN/A Use.
Answers to Reviewer. Requires energy Grows Reproduces Contains genetic material Reacts to the environment.
Vocabulary Review Goal 2- Cell and Cellular Transport.
Around the World Basic Chemistry. 3. Neutral pH is_________ Answer: 7.
Unit 2: Cell Biology 2.1 Cell Theory: 1. Every living thing is made of one or more cells. 2. Cells carry out the functions to support life. 3. Cells are.
CELLS Remember-All living things are made of one or more cells. All the stuff living things do to keep them living is done in the cell!
1 st Semester Midterm. 18.What are the 4 main macromolecules and give their main function? (pages 45-47) Carbohydrates- Proteins- Lipids- Nucleic acid-
BIOCHEMISTRY Macromolecules. - Only one type of element - Cannot be chemically separated - More than one type of element chemically bonded together -
Cell Test Review Worksheet Grading Rubric Directions: Answer the following questions using your notes and chapters 3-5 in your textbook. The test will.
Unit 2 “Cells & Viruses” Vocabulary Review 22 Words.
Warm Up You will turn this in! On the front of your paper, draw what you think a cell looks like. Label it if you would like. On the back of your paper,
Jeopardy The basic unit of all living things Inside the cell MiscellaneousCell chemistry Cell energy In and Out of Cells Final Jeopardy.
If a cell makes a lot of protein, what organelle must it also have a lot of? Ribosomes.
Basic Biological Principles Chemical Basis for Life.
Unit 4 Organization: The 6 Essential Elements. Flashcard Warm-up Buffer A chemical that is resistant to change in pH. These chemicals help regulate the.
Mrs. Harlin Compare the structures and functions of the major biological molecules (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids) as related.
Cell Structures, Transport & Homeostasis, and Role of Enzymes Biology EOCT Review Created Spring 2012.
Ch 2 Biology Vocabulary Assignment #1- Organic molecules.
7 th Grade Cells Review. Explain one exception to the cell theory. Viruses – are not made up of cells.
Chemical Compounds in Cells The Cell In its Environment.
CYTOLOGY. What is the Cell Theory? Made of cells (smallest unit of structure. All of the life functions (smallest unit of function). All cells come from.
Biology Exam Review. Organic Compounds All living things are made of organic compounds. These contain the element Carbon The most abundant elements in.
Catalyst Pick up Exit Ticket and Folders then sit silently.
CELL REVIEW. WHAT STRUCTURES MAKE UP PROKARYOTIC CELLS? Cell wall Cell membrane Cytoplasm Ribosomes DNA/RNA.
Cells. Cell Theory All living things are made up of one or more cells and their products The cell is the simplest unit that can carry out all life processes.
4 Main Organic Compounds. II. How does synthesis provide important organic macromolecules using six essential elements? A. Carbohydrates Monosaccharides.
Life Science “Structure and Function in Organisms.
Similarities and Differences Among Living Organisms.
Cell Processes 1 1. Metabolism Cells obtain energy from their environment and then change it into a useable form It is the building up and breaking down.
Chapter 2 The Chemistry of Life. 2.1 The nature of matter Atom: the smallest particle of an element that has the properties of that element Atom is made.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.