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Structure -MATTER.

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Presentation on theme: "Structure -MATTER."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structure -MATTER

2 Structure: Scientific Method
Problem Research Hypothesis (proposed solution) Design Experiment Variable and control Record Observations Analyze data Conclusion

3 Structure: Atoms Nucleus: most of the mass Protons –positive charge Neutrons- neutral Electron Cloud: most of the space Electrons- negative charge MATTER: has mass and takes up space

4 Structure: Matter Types of Matter Mixtures: no set composition Homogeneous mix Heterogeneous mix Chemicals: set composition pure elements: only 1 kind of atom pure compounds- atoms arranged only 1 way (H2O) Changes in Matter Physical: no change in chemical composition (ex. change in state) Chemical: change in chemical composition (chemical reactions) Chemical Reactions :Conservation of Mass combustion: rapid reaction with oxygen (burning) oxidation: slow reaction with oxygen (rusting) electrolysis: separation of components through electricity Tarnish: metals outer surface reaction with surrounding non metal

5 Structure: Matter Characteristics
Physical Characteristics: property observed without changing the substance physical state, color, texture, luster, conductivity, magnetic, flexibility, density, viscosity, malleable, surface tension,ductility, boiling point, melting point etc. Chemical Characteristics: Properties that describe the ability of a substance to change into other substances chemical reactions ( see previous slide) Separation of chemicals uses different properties

6 Structure: Matter 4 States of Matter Solid regular pattern no regular pattern Liquid Gas Plasma CONSERVATION OF MASS!!! The amount of the substance does not change

7 Structure: Phase Change Diagram

8 Structure: Temperature
Lord Kelvin K – absolute temperature scale (no negative values) 0 K is °C and − °F Temperature is measuring the amount of movement energy in a substance. The higher the temperature the more ‘movement energy’.

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