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QUICK REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I. THE CAUSES 1.THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM a)The Triple Entente : Russia, France, Britain (ENTENTE CORDIALE/ALLIES) *Italy, USA, British.

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Presentation on theme: "QUICK REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I. THE CAUSES 1.THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM a)The Triple Entente : Russia, France, Britain (ENTENTE CORDIALE/ALLIES) *Italy, USA, British."— Presentation transcript:

1 QUICK REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I

2 THE CAUSES 1.THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM a)The Triple Entente : Russia, France, Britain (ENTENTE CORDIALE/ALLIES) *Italy, USA, British Colonies b)The Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy* (Central Powers) (Turkey and Bulgaria)

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5 2. Militarism a)building up armed forces, getting ready for war. b)Naval Rivalry between Britain and Germany c)France and Germany in an Arms Race

6 3. Imperialism a)France: wanted lost territory—Alsace/Lorraine), parts of Africa (Morocco). b)Germany: wanted her own Empire, which conflicted with France and Russia—Africa and Balkans. c)Austria-Hungary: wanted territory—Bosnia (Parts of the Ottoman Empire) d)Russia: wanted the Dardanelles—a trade route from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea. e)Britain: wanted to keep Gibraltar.

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8 4. Nationalism a)A-H: made up of a variety of ethnicities. Bosnians were SLAVIC/SERBIAN (affiliated with Russia—religion and ethnicity) b)Germany: nationalism encouraged by Kaiser Wilhelm II (same ethnicity as A-H) c)Britain and France: intense pride in their nation

9 Steps 1.Series of Moroccan Crises 2.A-H annexation of Bosnia 3.Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand on June 28 th, 1914 by Gavrilo Princip—a Serb nationalist (Black Hand)

10 Europe in 1914

11 WWI Images

12 To decide what to do, the ‘big three’ met.

13 THREE PERSPECTIVES ON THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCES The Treaty of Versailles

14 George Clemenceau: Realist Wants: – dismember Germany – revenge – guaranteed safety – stripped of industry and armed forces People: supported him What excerpts from Treaty did he support? – War Guilt Clause – Alsace and Lorraine – Military restrictions – de-militarized Rhine valley – Forbid reunification of Austria and Germany

15 Woodrow Wilson Idealist Wants: – just and lasting peace – creation of the League of Nations – Democracy People: – didn’t support him – Treaty of Versailles defeated by US Senate WHY? What excerpts from Treaty did he support? – League of Nations – Constitution of League – Alsace and Lorraine – Disarmament

16 Lloyd George Middle of the Road Wants: – revenge and reparations—but do not cripple Germany – feared refugees and communism – wanted a trading partner in Germany People: supported him What excerpts from Treaty did he support? – War Guilt Clause – Military restrictions – surrender merchant fleet – League of Nations mandates

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18 SELF-DETERMINATION Former Yugoslavia Former Soviet Union Middle East—Palestine Russia and Chechens China and Tibet Kurds in Iraq WWII-German people in Austria and Poland and Sudetenland

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26 SOCIAL EFFECTS: WOMEN: – Roles changed—factory and office workers – Right to Vote – Social and Political Power were exercised i.e. Women’s Christian Temperance Movement – Gained Social Freedom—changing clothes URBANIZATION: – Move to cities – Automobiles became important – With automobile leisure time became important, teenagers

27 ECONOMIC EFFECTS: Very expensive—industrialization Allies owed money to the US German and Russian economies in ruin

28 POLITICAL EFFECTS: Balance of Power and Alliance system destroyed Autocracies collapsed—where one ruler wields power—Kaiser Wilhelm/Germany; Tsar Nicholas II/Russia Russia became communist (we will learn about this in a few days)

29 FALLOUT FROM WWI: Rise of Nazism in Germany Rise of Fascism in Italy Failures of the League of Nations The Second World War


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