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Psychological Disorders Chapter 18
A Disorder is… Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability
Ask yourself… 1.Is it typical? 2.Is it maladaptive? 3.Is it emotionally uncomfortable? 4.Is it socially unacceptable?
Normal vs abnormal? “average” majority Everybody’s expectation culturally biased
Homeostasis Avoid unpleasantness Seek homeostasis, equilibrium Usually works
DSM-IV-TR Mood Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Anxiety Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders common to identify with one or more… relax
only for professionals to diagnose!!!
Anxiety Disorders Generalized ** Social Anxiety ** claustrophobia hydrophobia agoraphobia panic attack OCD PTSD
Dissociative Disorders Amnesia ** Dissociative Fugue Dissociative Identity Disorder Depersonalization **
Somatoform Disorders Hypochondriasis Conversion Disorder ** Munchausen Syndrome (proxy)
Mood Disorders Depression Bi-polar Disorder
Schizophrenia Paranoid Schizophrenic ** Disorganized Schizophrenic Catatonic Schizophrenic, catatonic stupor
Narcissistic PD Attention-seeking behaviors Needs admiration Lack of empathy Grandiose Self-centered
Antisocial PD disregard for and violation of the rights of others Age 15/Age 18 Aggressiveness Lack of remorse Conning, deceptive
Dependent PD View others as better Seek others to survive Sacrifice self to maintain bonds or relationships Insecure attachment
Avoidant PD Avoids social interaction Fear of ridicule Sensitive to negative reactions Mistrust Social distancing Linked with bullying
Histrionic PD Successful Dramatize and exaggerate difficulties Pride of own personality Rapidly shifting emotions Exhibitionist or seductive
Obsessive-Compulsive PD (OCD) Obsessive need for cleanliness, order Perfectionism Compulsion to make lists excessive pedantry, rigidness Ritualistic acts
Some Causes Death of a loved one Divorce/separation Natural disaster Moving Bullying Start/end of school “Stress of Life Changes”
Enough for now?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR.
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