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Psychological Disorders Chapter 18
A Disorder is… Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability
Ask yourself… 1.Is it typical? 2.Is it maladaptive? 3.Is it emotionally uncomfortable? 4.Is it socially unacceptable?
Normal vs abnormal? “average” majority Everybody’s expectation culturally biased
Homeostasis Avoid unpleasantness Seek homeostasis, equilibrium Usually works
DSM-IV-TR Mood Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Anxiety Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders common to identify with one or more… relax
only for professionals to diagnose!!!
Anxiety Disorders Generalized ** Social Anxiety ** claustrophobia hydrophobia agoraphobia panic attack OCD PTSD
Dissociative Disorders Amnesia ** Dissociative Fugue Dissociative Identity Disorder Depersonalization **
Somatoform Disorders Hypochondriasis Conversion Disorder ** Munchausen Syndrome (proxy)
Mood Disorders Depression Bi-polar Disorder
Schizophrenia Paranoid Schizophrenic ** Disorganized Schizophrenic Catatonic Schizophrenic, catatonic stupor
Narcissistic PD Attention-seeking behaviors Needs admiration Lack of empathy Grandiose Self-centered
Antisocial PD disregard for and violation of the rights of others Age 15/Age 18 Aggressiveness Lack of remorse Conning, deceptive
Dependent PD View others as better Seek others to survive Sacrifice self to maintain bonds or relationships Insecure attachment
Avoidant PD Avoids social interaction Fear of ridicule Sensitive to negative reactions Mistrust Social distancing Linked with bullying
Histrionic PD Successful Dramatize and exaggerate difficulties Pride of own personality Rapidly shifting emotions Exhibitionist or seductive
Obsessive-Compulsive PD (OCD) Obsessive need for cleanliness, order Perfectionism Compulsion to make lists excessive pedantry, rigidness Ritualistic acts
Some Causes Death of a loved one Divorce/separation Natural disaster Moving Bullying Start/end of school “Stress of Life Changes”
Enough for now?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR.
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Psychological Disorders. What are Psychological Disorders? Behavior patterns or mental processes that cause serious suffering or interfere with a person’s.
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Anxiety Disorders Disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic or the avoidance of anxiety is likely to incite abnormal behavior. Phobias Panic disorder.
Psychological Disorders liudexiang. Overview Perspectives on psychologcal disorders Mood disorders Anxiety disorders Psychosomatic and somatoform disorders.
Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders. Table of Contents Abnormal Behavior Historical aspects of mental disorders The medical model What is abnormal behavior?
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Made by: Ieva Aukštuolytė PSbns0-01. Content Anxiety disorders Somatoform disorders Dissociative disorders Mood disorders Schizophrenia Personality.
Psychology Abnormal Review. 1. What is Trephining Original “treatment” for mental disorders. Thought patients were possessed by demons and drilled holes.
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Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders. Historical Perspectives of Psychological Disorders. Demon Possession Poor treatment of the mentally ill. Stigma Pyscho-dynamic.
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Do Now Take one of the personality disorders that we learned Thursday and describe two of its symptoms.
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Anxiety Disorders. Fear of real or imagined danger Out of proportion to the situation 19 million Americans (c. 2001) Personal inadequacy, avoidance, mood.
Personality Disorders Disorders characterized by inflexible and negative behaviors that impair social functioning. You probably will see aspects of these.
Abnormal Psychology Modules Definition of Psychological Disorder Harmful dysfunction in which behaviors are maladaptive; unjustifiable; disturbing.
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS. WHAT IS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR? Four criteria help distinguish normal from abnormal behavior: Uncommon Violation of social norms *
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders Copyright © Allyn and Bacon Developed and prepared by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.
Personality Disorders Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON P SYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE 1 Chapter 18 PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS Section 1: What Are Psychological Disorders?What Are.
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