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Psychological Disorders Chapter 18. A Disorder is… Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability.

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Presentation on theme: "Psychological Disorders Chapter 18. A Disorder is… Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychological Disorders Chapter 18

2 A Disorder is… Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability

3 Ask yourself… 1.Is it typical? 2.Is it maladaptive? 3.Is it emotionally uncomfortable? 4.Is it socially unacceptable?

4 Normal vs abnormal? “average” majority Everybody’s expectation culturally biased

5 Homeostasis Avoid unpleasantness Seek homeostasis, equilibrium Usually works

6 DSM-IV

7 DSM-IV-TR Mood Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Anxiety Disorders Schizophrenia Personality Disorders common to identify with one or more… relax

8 only for professionals to diagnose!!!

9 Anxiety Disorders Generalized ** Social Anxiety ** claustrophobia hydrophobia agoraphobia panic attack OCD PTSD

10 Dissociative Disorders Amnesia ** Dissociative Fugue Dissociative Identity Disorder Depersonalization **

11 Somatoform Disorders Hypochondriasis Conversion Disorder ** Munchausen Syndrome (proxy)

12 Mood Disorders Depression Bi-polar Disorder

13 Schizophrenia Paranoid Schizophrenic ** Disorganized Schizophrenic Catatonic Schizophrenic, catatonic stupor

14 Personality Disorders

15 Narcissistic PD Attention-seeking behaviors Needs admiration Lack of empathy Grandiose Self-centered

16 Antisocial PD disregard for and violation of the rights of others Age 15/Age 18 Aggressiveness Lack of remorse Conning, deceptive

17 Dependent PD View others as better Seek others to survive Sacrifice self to maintain bonds or relationships Insecure attachment

18 Avoidant PD Avoids social interaction Fear of ridicule Sensitive to negative reactions Mistrust Social distancing Linked with bullying

19 Histrionic PD Successful Dramatize and exaggerate difficulties Pride of own personality Rapidly shifting emotions Exhibitionist or seductive

20 Obsessive-Compulsive PD (OCD) Obsessive need for cleanliness, order Perfectionism Compulsion to make lists excessive pedantry, rigidness Ritualistic acts

21 Some Causes Death of a loved one Divorce/separation Natural disaster Moving Bullying Start/end of school “Stress of Life Changes”

22 Enough for now?


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