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Figurative Language GROUP TWO Working with vocabulary words for February --- start of the literary terms unit Please follow the directions on each slide…

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language GROUP TWO Working with vocabulary words for February --- start of the literary terms unit Please follow the directions on each slide…"— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language GROUP TWO Working with vocabulary words for February --- start of the literary terms unit Please follow the directions on each slide…

2 Simile Example This slide is just to look at and help you learn what an example a simile would be: – brave as a soldier

3 Simile 1.Copy this into your spiral (on the worksheet) Simile = a comparison between two unlike things using like or as 2.Which of these is a simile? (write in spiral) *as alike as two peas in a pod *two peas within a pod *two peas, a pod, and garden

4 Simile continued… 3. Now, please write FIVE examples of simile on the worksheet (answer #3).

5 Metaphor This slide is just to look at and give you an example: Your smile is sunshine.

6 Metaphor 4. Copy this into your spiral: - metaphor = one thing described as though it were something else (NOT using like/as) 5.Which of these is a metaphor? *it’s raining cats and dogs *dogs are like sunny days *dogs are great companions

7 Metaphor continued… 6.Please write the MEANINGS of these metaphors: a.Life is a journey. b.He is a big fish in a small pond. c.The was a slap in the face.

8 Personification This slide is just to help you/show you an example: The chair bites me every time I try to sit in it.

9 Personification continued… 7.Copy this into your spiral: Personification = assigning human traits to a non-human thing 8.Which of these is personification? *the movie soon started *the movie case snapped at me *the movie went at a snappy pace

10 Personification 9. In this paragraph, there are 3 examples of personification. Write them on your paper. Animals tell many tales. In most cases, it’s an animal’s tail that serves a helpful function. For example, the tail of a bird helps it fly. A porcupine uses his tail for a weapon. The tail shouts out, “Don’t mess with me”. A horse, on the other hand, will only use his tail in defense against flies and other bugs. The tail stands proud and tall warning bugs to fly away or else.

11 Onomatopoeia This is just an example slide to help you.

12 Onomatopoeia 10.Please copy this definition onto your worksheet: Onomatopoeia = use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning 11. In the following paragraph, please write ALL the words you find that are onomatopoeia…. (next slide)….

13 Onomatopoeia Wham! The roof collapsed in the freak hail storm. Whoosh went the wind and the rain fell on the remaining tin roof panels in a plop, plop, plop fashion. Grrrr…the damage to the house will be extensive and expensive. If only the loud clatter of the hail would stop. Then, at least I could think. Klunk! Great, now what, I thought! I looked around the corner and I couldn’t belive it…..

14 Onomatopoeia 12.Now, please write a paragraph (at least 7 sentences --- can be more) where you use least 7 words from the words below. Write your paragraph on the next page in your spiral. ARGHCRUNCH PINGSNAPSPLATBUZZ CHIRPBONK BOOMZOOMBEEPBASH CLANKCRACKLE CLANGHISSSIZZLEZAP GRRRCLUNK QUACKWOOFFIZZPOW ZONKPSST WHAMTHUD

15 Alliteration This is just a slide to help you

16 Alliteration 13.On your “Alliteration/Foreshadowing” page in your spiral, please write this: – Alliteration = repetition of same or similar consonant sounds in words close together in writing 14. Write a five word string alliteration sentence using the consonant D. Ex: Daring Debby dove into the deep dark water. 15.Now do another sentence with the letter W. (like you did for #14) 16.Now, another sentence with the letter L. 17.Finally, a sentence using the letter C.

17 Foreshadowing This is just a slide to help you.

18 Foreshadowing continued… 18.Write this definition in your spiral: foreshadowing = use of clues/hints suggesting events that will occur later in a writing

19 Foreshadowing continued… Francis couldn’t wait to go to her Junior Prom. She’d purchased her dress, had her hair done, and was anxiously waiting in her room for her boyfriend to call and tell her when he’d arrive. They were to leave at 8:00, but her boyfriend, Rick, didn’t call. By 8:30, Francis was nervous. By 9:00, she was getting very upset. Finally, at 9:30, the doorbell rang. Rushing downstairs, she opened the door to see a police officer standing on her porch…..

20 Foreshadowing continued… 19.Based on the paragraph, what do you THINK will happen next/what did happen to Rick? 20.What clues/foreshadowing made you think this…at least TWO examples from the text. (Don’t forget – you need to write in sentences).

21 Imagery This slide is just to help you…

22 Imagery 21.Write this definition on your “IMAGERY/HYPERBOLE” page: imagery = language that appeals to the senses (ex: sounds, smells) --- like sensory details 22.Write the BEST line of imagery below: *bright, blue, peeking in between the clouds, the sky could barely be seen *the sky was blue, bright and not easily seen as the day went on *the wind wafted the slight smell of oranges though the air as the crisp breeze touched my cheek on the chilly, crisp December day

23 Hyperbole This slide is just to help you…

24 Hyperbole 23.Please copy definition in your spiral: Hyperbole = exaggeration used for emphasis 24.Write ALL the items that are hyperbole *I practically ran one hundred miles today *I tried over and over and over to call my mom *I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse *I drove many miles to get all my errands completed *that sandwich is the biggest, most gigantic sandwich I’ve ever seen in my life

25 First Person/Third Person 25.For each of these examples, please write if it is FIRST PERSON perspective or THIRD PERSON perspective (look back at your definitions). Write on your “PERSON/PARAPHRASE” page. a.One can hardly get away from all the commercials during the Superbowl. b.Sarah can’t wait to watch the Superbowl on Sunday. c.Because she didn’t want to go to school, Sandy’s mom let her stay home for one day. d.I was very happy that we had no school on Monday. e.No one is able to always get 100% on every assignment. f.Because I love to swim, I cannot wait to go to Hawaii this summer.

26 Paraphrase This is just to help you…

27 Paraphrase 26.In your spiral, please copy this: Paraphrase = restatement of writing where the meaning is expressed in other, usually less, words Susie was very upset about the B she earned in math. She’d worked very hard, studied, and come in for extra help. Still, she was having a lot of trouble getting the concepts in algebra. She really didn’t know how to do any better, but she knew she would keep trying… (questions on next slide)….

28 Paraphrase continued… 27.For each one, is this a correct paraphrase from last slide? Yes or No? a.Susie really disliked math. She worked and worked, but still earned a B. b.Susie worked hard, but was frustrated at her inability to figure out the algebra concepts. She’d keep trying. c.Susie knew she had to keep trying in algebra, but was frustrated by how difficult it was. She tried hard, but couldn’t keep up. Finally, Susie realized she’d probably just always earn a B or C.

29 Protagonist … just to help you…

30 Antagonist This is just to help you…

31 Protagonist /Antagonist On your “Protagonist/Antagonist/Tone/Mood” page, please write if the famous character is generally considered an antagonist or protagonist. 28.Darth Vader 29.Luke Skywalker 30.Shrek 31.Cinderella 32.Wicked Witch of the West 33.Scooby Doo 34.Killer Kane (from Freak the Mighty) 35.Nazis (WWII, Germany) 36.Big Bad Wolf 37.Little Red Riding Hood

32 Tone/Mood #38 On the “Protagonist/Antagonist/Tone/Mood” page of your spiral: Please write this definition: A. TONE = tells us how the author thinks about his or her subject. Tone is the author's attitude toward story and readers. Please write this definition: B. MOOD = effect of the writer's words on the reader. Mood is how the writer’s words make us feel.

33 Tone/Mood continued… 39. For each of these words, please write the word…then put a + for positive tone, a – for negative tone, and a 0 for neutral tone. ex: energetic = + mischievous = - said = 0 a.Uncaring b.Adoring c.Hostile d.Angry e.Annoyed f.Said g.Objective h.Sinister i.Skeptical j.Friendly k.Serene l.Bitter

34 #40 Write a 5-6 sentence paragraph with a mood of “joyful”

35 Theme This is just to help you….

36 Theme 41.On your “Theme/Setting” page in spiral, please copy this: Theme = central message/purpose of a story, often a lesson. 42.Disney movies have some great theme examples…please list THREE Disney movies (or other movies) AND what you think the theme would be. EX: Lion King – theme is “circle of life” – basically that everything has a time, place, and we all have the same experience of life and death. EX: Freak the Mighty (book example since we’ve all read it): A theme = friendship is forever OR valuing difference

37 Setting 43.Please write this in your spiral: setting = time and place of a story 44.Please write the setting for: a.where you are right now b.Space Needle c.Star Wars (the movie)

38 Idiom – this is just to help you…

39 Idiom 45.On your “Idiom” page, please write: Idiom = an expression with a different meaning from the literal words 46.Which of these is an idiom – copy all that are idioms onto your paper: *Claire turned a blind eye to her friend’s stealing. *The assignment was so easy that it was a piece of cake. *Claire looked away when she saw her friend stealing. *Danny was in tremendous, healthy, fit shape. *Danny was fit as a fiddle.

40 Idiom continued… Continued… 47.What do these idioms ACTUALLY mean? a.We’re going to have to burn the midnight oil to get that work finished. b.“Here, let me lend you a hand,” said Stan when he found out about Ben’s bad grade in algebra. c.“I don’t know why Chuck is dragging his feet about asking Mindy to the dance. d.My mom really gets a kick out of watching my two- year-old cousin sing and dance.

41 Idiom continued… 48.Why would it be difficult for a person from another country, who was learning English, to understand idioms? 49. On the next pages, please read the short story. Then, please write down TWENTY of the 25 idioms located within the text. We use this type of language all the time and don’t even realize it.

42 “I got such a kick out of watching our students present High School Musical,” said Mrs. Addison. “Those kids mad the singing look like a piece of cake and the dancing look easy as pie. And the acting? I thought they would be in over their heads, but they really pulled it off.” “You’re right,” said Miss Trible. “The costumes were just to die for, and the scenery was so great it must have cost and arm and a leg. This show became the hottest ticket in town!” “I really thought the kids were biting off more than they could chew,” said Mr. Ganion, the director. “If I’d had my druthers, they would have picked something easier. To make it even worse, some kids were really bend out of shape because they didn’t’ get the roles they wanted. Then, the flu hit, and half the cast was under the weather for many of the rehearsals. But they kept their nose to the grindstone, and there at the end they were really burning the midnight oil.”

43 “They were getting on each others’ nerves during dress rehearsal,” said the musical director, Mrs. Webster, “and a lot of them were rubbing each other the wrong way. I was crossing my fingers that a couple of them didn’t tear into each other.” “But others were certainly getting along well. The leading man lost his head over the leading lady,” said Mr. Ganion. “Really? I was in the dark about that,” said Mrs. Webster. “I guess I really let the cat out of the bag. They were quite the item. However, I thought he was going to fall apart at the seems when he saw her leave with one of the other guys one night. But, they were just friends. It turns out she was head over heals in love with the leading man, too.” “The two of them really brought the house down when they came out for bows at the end of the show,” said Mrs. Addison. “It was wonderful.”

44 Allusion…this is just to help you…

45 Allusion 50.Please write on your “Allusion” page: Allusion = reference to something known from literature, history, sports, science, etc. EXAMPLE: It’s raining so hard we’ll need Noah’s Ark (Noah’s ark is a Biblical/literary reference)

46 Allusion…continued This is an allusion: Frankie didn’t like to spend money on anything or anyone. He was a real Scrooge. 51. What does this mean? Being a Scrooge? This is an allusion: “Stop bugging me about how my place looks. I don’t live in the Taj Mahal. 52. What does this mean? The Taj Mahal reference? This is an allusion: I don’t think I can help you get out of your predicament. After all, I’m not Superman. 53. What does this mean? Not being Superman?

47 54. Finally, please identify the figurative language/literary terms present in the short story on the next page. For each item in orange coloring, COPY down the words and then write what type of figurative language it is. Write this on your “Overview” page. Example of what you would write: pretty as a picture = simile

48 “My computer hates me,” screamed Leanne as she stupidly slammed her star-shaped pencil on the desk. “It reminds me of C3PO or R2D2…it’s old technology by now!” “Mom!” “Yes, Leanne. Try to remain calm and don’t have a cow.” “Easy for you to say,” replied Leanne. “It’s going to take me forever to finish this English essay.” “No, it really won’t take you years to finish your essay. Just put your nose to the grindstone and you’ll be done in just twenty of thirty minutes.” “Aaargh! I have to disagree. It’ll take longer than Princess Fiona was trapped in that castle.” “Fine,” replied Leanne’s mom. “You are sunshine and you are happiness in my life. I hope you feel better. Before long, you’ll be happy as spring flower once again.”


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