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Explaining differences…Explaining similarities

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Presentation on theme: "Explaining differences…Explaining similarities"— Presentation transcript:

1 Explaining differences…Explaining similarities
Nature VS Nurture Explaining differences…Explaining similarities

2 “Life is like a game of cards
“Life is like a game of cards. The hand that is dealt you represents determinism; the way you play it is free will.” Nehru

3 Consider Dolly…. Would a human clone’s adult personality mimic the person donating the genetic code? -or- Would he/she be unique?

4 Nature When biology determines behavior Tower of London
Explains why people who are related to each other- resemble each other

5 Recessive vs. dominant genes
Recessive genes= two recessive genes must be paired to produce characteristic Dominant genes= need no pairing. produce characteristic every time

6 Genes do not always influence life directly

7 Evolutionary psychology
Farm Fox Experiment Dmitry Belyaev Estonia 30- male 100- female 45,000 foxes later…

8 Shorter tails (less bushy) Changes to skull
Changes to the fox.. Pigment Shorter tails (less bushy) Changes to skull Significant increase in tameness

9 How alike are we? 98.4% like Chimpanzees

10 The importance of twin studies…
Identical twins reared apart (separated at birth)studied to see the effect of environment. Adopted fraternal twins studied to see the effect of inheritance.

11 What does research suggest?
Identical Twins Separated Adopted Twins Values Interests Motor skills Reading, spelling, writing Intelligence Medical issues Personality Attitude Manners Faith Politics Work ethic

12 Temperament= your genetic personality
The easy child The difficult child The slow-to-warm-up child

13 nurture Is your brain hard-wired and unchangeable- or does the environment actually produces changes in the brain? It depends….

14 Male pattern baldness=100%

15 Leadership qualities in women=30%

16 Environment is complex
Culture= similarities/diversity Circumstances Economics Opportunities Skills learned

17 Time when we are especially sensitive to learning
Critical periods Time when we are especially sensitive to learning Begins and ends abruptly Beyond this period, growth will not occur

Confined to a “definite” time period Irreversible Long-term consequences Konrad Lorenz

19 Prenatal influences.. Teratogens Congenital problems
Fetal Alcohol syndrome

20 Gender… Your biggest environmental influence?

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