Presentation on theme: "EXPLAINING DIFFERENCES…EXPLAINING SIMILARITIES NATURE VS NURTURE."— Presentation transcript:
EXPLAINING DIFFERENCES…EXPLAINING SIMILARITIES NATURE VS NURTURE
“Life is like a game of cards. The hand that is dealt you represents determinism; the way you play it is free will.” Nehru
CONSIDER DOLLY…. Would a human clone’s adult personality mimic the person donating the genetic code? -or- Would he/she be unique?
NATURE When biology determines behavior Tower of London Explains why people who are related to each other- resemble each other
RECESSIVE VS. DOMINANT GENES Recessive genes= two recessive genes must be paired to produce characteristic Dominant genes= need no pairing. produce characteristic every time
GENES DO NOT ALWAYS INFLUENCE LIFE DIRECTLY PKU
EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY Farm Fox Experiment Dmitry Belyaev Estonia 30- male 100- female 45,000 foxes later…
CHANGES TO THE FOX.. Pigment Shorter tails (less bushy) Changes to skull Significant increase in tameness
HOW ALIKE ARE WE? 98.4% like Chimpanzees
THE IMPORTANCE OF TWIN STUDIES… Identical twins reared apart (separated at birth)studied to see the effect of environment. Adopted fraternal twins studied to see the effect of inheritance.
WHAT DOES RESEARCH SUGGEST? Identical Twins Separated Values Interests Motor skills Reading, spelling, writing Intelligence Medical issues Personality Adopted Twins Attitude Manners Faith Politics Work ethic
TEMPERAMENT= YOUR GENETIC PERSONALITY The easy child The difficult child The slow-to- warm-up child
NURTURE Is your brain hard-wired and unchangeable- or does the environment actually produces changes in the brain? It depends….