Presentation on theme: "VA/US SOL Review of Unit 1: SOLs 2- 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 VA/US SOL Review of Unit 1: SOLs 2- 3 Exploration & Colonization
2 European Exploration & Colonization Resulted in a redistribution of the world population (voluntarily & involuntarily)
3 Exploration & Colonization… Initiated worldwide commercial expansion due to Columbian Exchange of agricultural products.Colonization also led to new ideas about representative government & religious tolerance.
5 America Already populated by Native Americans (Indians) Seen as “Savages” byEuropeans
6 Exploration & Colonization Exploration & settlement of the English in America & the Spanish in the Caribbean, Central & South America, often led to violent conflicts with the Indians.Yet, French exploration in Canada didn’t.Why not?Indians lost traditional territories & died from diseases.
7 Different Colonies New England Southern Colonies Middle Colonies Use of town meetings (like Athens) as a form of direct democracyMaintained stronger ties w/ England, but had representative colonial legislaturesIncorporated a number of democratic principles that were similar to Englishmen
8 Slavery/ Indentured Servitude The first Africans were brought against their will in 1619.The African slave trade resulted from labor shortages.Slaves were brought over on the Middle PassageSome indentured servants had worked before slaves. Not many more came after slavery became prominent.Slavery eventually led to the Civil War.
9 13 Original ColoniesNew EnglandMiddle ColoniesSouthernColonies
10 New England ColoniesMainly settled by Puritans seeking religious freedomAlso settled by PilgrimsSought economic opportunitiesDirect-democracy (town meetings)Covenant CommunityGod-likeMayflower Compact & Puritan religious beliefsIntolerant of Non-Puritans
11 New England Colonies… Economy Society Shipbuilding, Fishing, Lumbering, Subsistence farming & (eventually) manufacturingValued hard work & thriftSocietyFamily centeredReligious StandingIntolerant of dissenters
12 New England Colonies… Society… Politics Intolerant Church leaders Rhode Island: Roger WilliamsAnne HutchinsonPoliticsChurch leadersMix Church & StateMale-dominatedTown Meetings
13 Middle ColoniesSettled mainly by English, Dutch & German-speaking immigrantsNY used to be New NetherlandsWanted religious freedom & economic opportunityMost diverse population
14 Middle Colonies… Economy Society Shipbuilding, Small-scale farming & TradingSkilled artisansNYC & Philly became commercial centersSocietyHome to multiple religious groups who believed in religious toleranceQuakers (PA), Huguenots & Jews (NY), Catholics (MD), Presbyterians (NJ)Flexible social structuresMiddle-class of artisans, entrepreneurs & farmers
15 Middle Colonies… Political Incorporated a number of democratic principles that reflected the basic rights of EnglishmenDid not mix Church & State/ Tolerant of other religions
16 Southern ColoniesMainly settled by the English Cavaliers & poorer English & Scots-IrishCavaliers = English nobility who received large land grants in eastern VA from the KingIndentured Servants, Debtors, PrisonersAfrican slavesWanted economic opportunitiesJamestown was a business venture established by the VA Company of London
17 Jamestown1st Permanent English Settlement, established by the VA Company of London in 1607In the middle of Powhatan Nation1st settlers were mainly Gentlemen“Don’t Work = Don’t Eat!” was John Smith’s ruleHeadright System“Starving Time” dueto weatherJohn Rolfe plantedtobacco & marriedPocahontas
18 Southern Colonies… Economy Society Large plantations in the coastal lowlands grew “cash crops:” Indigo, Rice, TobaccoWestern foothills & mountains they had small-scale subsistence farming, hunting & tradingSocietyBased on family status & ownership of landLarge landowners dominated colonial governmentCloser ties to England & the Church of England than other coloniesWestern VA had a lot of Scots-Irish & English men
19 Southern Colonies… Political Maintained stronger ties with Britain Large landowners dominated colonial legislaturesVA House of Burgesses1st Elected Legislature in the New WorldRepresentative DemocracyToday it’s known as the VA General Assembly
20 Indentured Servitude & Slavery Indentured Servant = Someone who works for 4-7 years in exchange for passage over to the New World.Headright system = promise of landGrowth of southern plantation-economy required cheap labor in large numbers. Originally met by indentured servants.
21 Indentured Servitude & Slavery… Most tobacco plantation needs eventually were filled by importation of Africans.Some were indentured servants & freeMiddle PassageSlave Codes = laws that limited what slaves could doDevelopment of slavery-based economy eventually led to Civil War.
23 Establishment of Early American Colonies Roanoke Establishment of Early American Colonies Roanoke Massachusetts / / / / St. Augustine JamestownWhich date on this timeline represents the beginning of a permanent British presence in North America?1565158716071620
24 2. Which colony was established as a business venture? A. Connecticut B. Massachusetts C. Georgia D. Virginia
25 3. The initial French exploration of North America resulted in --- A 3. The initial French exploration of North America resulted in --- A. economic colonies in Florida B. competition with Spanish settlers C. plantations using slave labor D. cooperation with native groups
26 4. The Treaty of Alliance of 1778 was signed by the United States and ---- A. Spain B. Portugal C. Russia D. France
27 5. Which factor contributed to colonial victory in the American Revolution? A. Shortages of British troops B. Disloyalty of British generals C. Lack of British popular support D. Weakness of the British Navy
28 6. The land area located between 800W & 900W and 250N & 300N represents the acquisition of ---Land won through the French & Indian WarTerritories according to the Northwest OrdinanceLand as a result of the Revolutionary WarFlorida through a treaty with Spain
29 Multicultural integration Representative government 7. The town meetings held by colonists in buildings such as this one were important because they demonstrated a form of ---Religious tolerationDirect democracyMulticultural integrationRepresentative governmentOld South Meeting House, Boston
30 8. The different types of economies found in the original colonies were primarily a reflection of the ---Nationalities of the settlersGeography of the areasProvisions of the chartersReligion of the settlers
31 9. How did the Great Awakening most influence the American Revolutionary movement? It supported the practice of slave laborIt established official state religionsIt challenged the established government orderIt discouraged trade with foreign countries