POSITIVE MENTAL HEALTH is… The successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with others, and the ability to adapt to change and successfully cope with adversity. A state of emotional and social well being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively or fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community
“Depression can seem worse than terminal cancer, because most cancer patients feel loved and they have hope and self-esteem.”
de·pres·sion / di preSH ə n/ Depression is a MOOD disorder Depression is a disease of the brain; a chemical imbalance Severe misery and gloominess, accompanied by feelings of hopelessness and inadequacy. A condition of mental disturbance, typically with lack of energy and difficulty in maintaining concentration or interest in life.
Changes in sleeping Much more or much less Changes in eating Much more or much less Fatigue, loss of energy.
Diminished enjoyment of previously pleasurable activities sports, hobbies, going out with friends, etc. Difficulty concentrating or making decisions. Neglecting responsibilities and personal appearance. Engaging in risky behaviors related to: Drug use, fighting, sex Dangerous activities (can cause physical harm)
Feeling: Down Apathetic (don’t care) Irritable Pessimistic Negative Guilty Anxious Empty Helpless Hopeless Worthless Suicidal thoughts SOME people, NOT all
Many people need: MEDICATION THERAPY plus Some might only need: Positive Thinking Exercise Socializing Balanced Diet Lots of bright light Get outside Get away from what is stressing you or making you sad.
What does depression look like Would it be living or an object? What name might it have? How would you decorate it? What would it look like as a tree or flower? An outfit? A building? A person? An animal?
Who is affected by one’s choice to take their own life?
Suicide takes the lives of nearly 30,000 Americans every year. Many who attempt suicide never seek professional care. There are twice as many deaths due to suicide than HIV/AIDS. Between 1952 and 1995, suicide in young adults nearly tripled. Over half of all suicides occur in adult men, ages 25- 65. In the month prior to their suicide, 75% of elderly persons had visited a physician. Suicide rates in the United States are highest in the spring. Over half of all suicides are completed with a firearm. For young people 15-24 years old, suicide is the third leading cause of death. Suicide rates among the elderly are highest for those who are divorced or widowed.
1 in 65,000 children ages 10 to 14 commit suicide each year. Substance abuse is a risk factor for suicide. By 2010, depression will be the #1 disability in the world. There are three female suicide attempts for each male attempt
80% of people that seek treatment for depression are treated successfully. The highest suicide rate is among men over 85 years old: 65 per 100,000 persons. Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-old Americans There are four male suicides for every female suicide.
Withdrawal from family and friends Thoughts of death, suicide, or wishes to be dead Getting affairs in order (paying off debts, changing a will) Giving away articles of either personal or monetary value Signs of planning a suicide such as obtaining a weapon or writing a suicide note
Life isn't worth living Have you heard someone say: Next time I'll take enough pills to do the job right Take my (prized collection, valuables) - I don't need this stuff anymore I won't be around to deal with that You'll be sorry when I'm gone I just can't deal with everything -- life's too hard I won't be in your way much longer Nobody understands me -- nobody feels the way I do There's nothing I can do to make it better I'd be better off dead I feel like there is no way out
Need help? Call 1-800-273-TALK (8255) National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
“When another person makes you suffer, it is because he suffers deeply within himself, and his suffering is spilling over. He does not need punishment; he needs help. That's the message he is sending.”
Cyber Written threats, harassment, rumors, teasing through social media Physical Assault Taking or damaging property Relational / Social Rejecting or excluding from a group Spreading rumors Verbal Harassment Teasing
Bullied teens are more likely to be depressed! Bullying is a major stressor Teens are UNLIKELY to confide in their peers or get help though THEY SHOULD Bullying is NOT easily ignored
Bullied someone? Been bullied? By an adult? By a peer? Observed someone being bullied and just watched? Observed someone being bullied and stepped in to stop it? Stood up to someone bulling you? What did you say/do? YES ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~MAYBE~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~NO
Self-EsteemEmpathyStressDepression The law Violence Get into groups of 2 or 3 and write 2-3 ideas for each of the following factors:
Stan writes a blog that many of his classmates read. One night he calls a girl in his class “fat and ugly.” Mandy invites every girl on the cheerleading squad to her birthday party except Caitlyn. Chris greets his friend Jon (who is 4’11”) with “Hey Shrimp!” Jon smiles and replies, “What’s up dude.” James corners Alice in the hall and says, “You better watch what you say, or I’ll hurt you.”
Sarah hears that Tammy is flunking English. Sarah doesn’t know if it’s true, but she tells all her friends anyway. Hank punches Dean and steals his iPod. Liz signs into an instant messenger program using her friend Molly’s screen name. Pretending to be Molly, Liz tells Molly’s crush, Kevin, that she likes him. Franny greets Owen with, “What’s up, Chunky?” Owen gets flustered and turns red. When Ms. Jackson returns Ian’s geometry test, she says, “Another poor performance. You can be a real moron sometimes.”
"How will you know I am hurting, If you cannot see my pain? To wear it on my body Tells what words cannot explain.” "I'll draw you a picture, I'll draw it with a twist, I'll draw it with a razorblade, I'll draw it on my wrist. And if I draw it correctly, a red fountain will appear... to wash away my sorrows, to chase away my fears.”
Self-injury is a type of abnormal behavior. Self-injury is most commonly associated with cutting, involving making cuts or scratches on the person’s body. Cutting is done with any sharp object – including knives, razor blades, needles, or even fingernails. The arms, legs, and front of the abdomen are the most frequent targets of self-injury, because these are the areas that can be easily reached, and are the best (most easily) hidden under clothes. However, any area of the body can be subject to self-injury.
Cutters may not be able to understand why they deliberately hurt themselves, and may be frightened by the fact that they do. They injure themselves by cutting (or other means) and when they do, they may feel a momentary sense of calm and/or a release of tension. Unfortunately, these feelings are quickly followed by feelings of shame and guilt and the return of other painful emotions.
Self-injury is not a suicide attempt; however, self-injury can bring with it the very real possibility of serious, and sometimes even fatal, injuries. Self-injury, many times, is done on impulse, so it is sometimes considered an impulse-control behavior problem. It is also known as self- harm, self-injurious behavior, and self- mutilation.
Some people don't feel any pain while they're hurting themselves, even when they’re creating deep cuts. Other people do feel pain upon self- injury, but they welcome the pain as punishment, or a distraction from their emotional turmoil.
Definition : : a serious eating disorder primarily of young women in their teens and early twenties that is characterized especially by a pathological fear of weight gain leading to faulty eating patterns, malnutrition, and usually excessive weight loss (emaciated).
Who is looking at who? What does she see? What thoughts are going through her mind?
Kidney Failure Heart Failure Anemia = low blood iron = lack of O2 transport Osteoporosis = brittle bones = lack of calcium
Definition: a serious eating disorder that occurs chiefly in females, is characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or laxative or diuretic abuse, and is often accompanied by guilt and depression
Understanding Bulimia Understanding Bulimia What do bulimics often feel after an eating binge? What do bulimics often feel after an eating binge? How are a bulimics teeth affected by vomiting? How are a bulimics teeth affected by vomiting? Anorexia / Bulimia Project Anorexia / Bulimia Project How do bulimics and anorexics generally view themselves? How do bulimics and anorexics generally view themselves? What are the death statistics on for bulimia? What are the death statistics on for bulimia? Reality of Bulimia Reality of Bulimia What is one of the main driving forces behind anorexia and bulimia? What is one of the main driving forces behind anorexia and bulimia? How can anorexia affect ones hair? Bones? How can anorexia affect ones hair? Bones? What products might a bulimic use to purge the food they consume? What products might a bulimic use to purge the food they consume? Dr. Phil on Bulimia Dr. Phil on Bulimia Name 1 factor of bulimia? Name 1 factor of bulimia? What are some warning signs of bulimia? What are some warning signs of bulimia? What can physically happen to the body? What can physically happen to the body? What other issues often accompany bulimia? What other issues often accompany bulimia?2 3 4 5 National Geographic Taboo - Beauty, Isabelle Caro National Geographic Taboo - Beauty, Isabelle Caro When did Isabelle become anorexic When did Isabelle become anorexic How does she describe her appearance and physical problems How does she describe her appearance and physical problems What are some of the physical effects of anorexia? What are some of the physical effects of anorexia?1
You Know My Name, Not My Story; bullying and eating disorders You Know My Name, Not My Story; bullying and eating disorders What was her problem in the 6 th grade? 7 th grade? 8 th grade? 9 th grade? What was her problem in the 6 th grade? 7 th grade? 8 th grade? 9 th grade? What caused her eating disorder? What caused her eating disorder? What names was she called? What names was she called? Did she show her pain on the outside? Where did she show her pain? Did she show her pain on the outside? Where did she show her pain? Slave to My Eating Disorder - Taryn's Story Slave to My Eating Disorder - Taryn's Story What lead to Taryn’s eating disorder? What lead to Taryn’s eating disorder? What does she mean when she says, “I am a slave to my disorder?” What does she mean when she says, “I am a slave to my disorder?” What is Turning Point? What is Turning Point? Elle: The True Story of a Young Girl Elle: The True Story of a Young Girl When did Elle begin to develop her eating disorder? When did Elle begin to develop her eating disorder? What percent of dancers develop eating disorders? What percent of dancers develop eating disorders? Who can help overcome an eating disorder? Who can help overcome an eating disorder? What are some signs of an eating disorder? What are some signs of an eating disorder? 5 6 7
Binge Eating Disorder Binge Eating Disorder What is the most common eating disorder? What is the most common eating disorder? What generally causes this problem? What generally causes this problem? How can someone overcome this disorder? How can someone overcome this disorder? What is Binge Eating Disorder? What is Binge Eating Disorder? How is binge-eating disorder different from bulimia? How is binge-eating disorder different from bulimia? Binge Eating- The Moring Show Binge Eating- The Moring Show Is binge-eating an addiction Is binge-eating an addiction How many people suffer from this disorder? How many people suffer from this disorder? How long has Marie been binge-eating? How long has Marie been binge-eating? To what does Marie compare her disorder? To what does Marie compare her disorder? About how many calories does she consume when binging? About how many calories does she consume when binging? 5 6 7