Presentation on theme: "Things or behaviors in various forms that exist in all societies."— Presentation transcript:
1Things or behaviors in various forms that exist in all societies. Cultural UniversalsThings or behaviors in various forms that exist in all societies.
2The 9 Cultural Universals 1. Material:Artifacts made by groups of peopleFoodClothing and adornmentTools and weaponsHousing and shelterHousehold articlesRitual itemsPersonal possessions
3The 9 Cultural Universals 2. Social Organizationthe ways that a group of people organize themselves in groups in order to functionFamiliesKinship systemsClansCity-StatesNations
4The 9 Cultural Universals 3. Social Control/Institutions: long-lasting ways of doing things that are important to people’s well-being.Marriage/FamilyReligionEducationGovernment/militaryLegal and penal systemHospitalsMarkets/Business/Corporations
5The 9 Cultural Universals 4. Language:the use of a set of symbols, spoken or written, to communicate ideas and feelings.NonverbalVerbalWrittenSymbols
6The 9 Cultural Universals 5. Arts, Play, & Recreationthe ways that a people express themselves creatively.Fine Arts:Drawing, painting, etc.Performing Arts:Acting, dancing, etcArchitectureStandards of beauty & taste
7The 9 Cultural Universals 6. Environment:conditions that influence lives of a group of people.What does the environment in which we live affect?Human-Environment Interactions
8The 9 Cultural Universals 7. Economy:the production (making), distribution (selling), and consumption (using) of goods and services.JobsGoods/servicesMovement of goods/servicesTrade/exchange
9The 9 Cultural Universals Education:How a society teaches its values and traditionsInformalFormal
10The 9 Cultural Universals 9. World View/Beliefs:something a group of people believe to be true.ReligionPoliticsNormsEthicsValues
11Culture VocabularyCulture: a complete way of life of people share similar customs and beliefs and pass on to their children.Customs: a common way of doing something among a group of people.Society: a group of people who share a common culture.
12Vocab…Social Structure; the ways in which people are organized into smaller groups, each having its own particular task.Socialization: the process of learning to be part of a culture or society.Norm: a culture’s standards of behavior or rule that a member of a society is supposed to live by.
13Vocab…Ethics: the standards or code of moral behavior that distinguishes between right and wrong.Value: an object, idea, or belief that a culture considers very important.Economy: system in which goods and services are produced and distributed.
14Vocab… Language: the way human beings pass on their culture. Extended family: family with grandparents, aunts, uncles, grown children, parents, and small children living together.Nuclear family: family of parents and their children living together.
15Vocab… Role: the function of a person in a society. Status: the degree of importance we have in society.Icon: an image or figure that represents something (like a nation’s flag).