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Cultural Universals Things or behaviors in various forms that exist in all societies.

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Presentation on theme: "Cultural Universals Things or behaviors in various forms that exist in all societies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cultural Universals Things or behaviors in various forms that exist in all societies.

2 The 9 Cultural Universals 1. Material: 1. Material: Artifacts made by groups of people Food Food Clothing and adornment Clothing and adornment Tools and weapons Tools and weapons Housing and shelter Housing and shelter Household articles Household articles Ritual items Ritual items Personal possessions Personal possessions

3 The 9 Cultural Universals 2. Social Organization 2. Social Organization the ways that a group of people organize themselves in groups in order to function Families Families Kinship systems Kinship systems Clans Clans City-States City-States Nations Nations

4 The 9 Cultural Universals 3. Social Control/Institutions: long-lasting ways of doing things that are important to people’s well-being. 3. Social Control/Institutions: long-lasting ways of doing things that are important to people’s well-being. Marriage/Family Marriage/Family Religion Religion Education Education Government/military Government/military Legal and penal system Legal and penal system Hospitals Hospitals Markets/Business/Corporations Markets/Business/Corporations

5 The 9 Cultural Universals 4. Language: 4. Language: the use of a set of symbols, spoken or written, to communicate ideas and feelings. Nonverbal Nonverbal Verbal Verbal Written Written Symbols Symbols

6 The 9 Cultural Universals 5. Arts, Play, & Recreation 5. Arts, Play, & Recreation the ways that a people express themselves creatively. Fine Arts: Fine Arts: Drawing, painting, etc. Drawing, painting, etc. Performing Arts: Performing Arts: Acting, dancing, etc Acting, dancing, etc Architecture Architecture Standards of beauty & taste Standards of beauty & taste

7 The 9 Cultural Universals 6. Environment: 6. Environment: conditions that influence lives of a group of people. conditions that influence lives of a group of people. What does the environment in which we live affect? What does the environment in which we live affect? Human-Environment Interactions Human-Environment Interactions

8 The 9 Cultural Universals 7. Economy: 7. Economy: the production (making), distribution (selling), and consumption (using) of goods and services. Jobs Jobs Goods/services Goods/services Movement of goods/services Movement of goods/services Trade/exchange Trade/exchange

9 The 9 Cultural Universals Education: Education: How a society teaches its values and traditions Informal Informal Formal Formal

10 The 9 Cultural Universals 9. World View/Beliefs: 9. World View/Beliefs: something a group of people believe to be true. Religion Religion Politics Politics Norms Norms Ethics Ethics Values Values

11 Culture Vocabulary Culture: a complete way of life of people share similar customs and beliefs and pass on to their children. Culture: a complete way of life of people share similar customs and beliefs and pass on to their children. Customs: a common way of doing something among a group of people. Customs: a common way of doing something among a group of people. Society: a group of people who share a common culture. Society: a group of people who share a common culture.

12 Vocab… Social Structure; the ways in which people are organized into smaller groups, each having its own particular task. Social Structure; the ways in which people are organized into smaller groups, each having its own particular task. Socialization: the process of learning to be part of a culture or society. Socialization: the process of learning to be part of a culture or society. Norm: a culture’s standards of behavior or rule that a member of a society is supposed to live by. Norm: a culture’s standards of behavior or rule that a member of a society is supposed to live by.

13 Vocab… Ethics: the standards or code of moral behavior that distinguishes between right and wrong. Ethics: the standards or code of moral behavior that distinguishes between right and wrong. Value: an object, idea, or belief that a culture considers very important. Value: an object, idea, or belief that a culture considers very important. Economy: system in which goods and services are produced and distributed. Economy: system in which goods and services are produced and distributed.

14 Vocab… Language: the way human beings pass on their culture. Language: the way human beings pass on their culture. Extended family: family with grandparents, aunts, uncles, grown children, parents, and small children living together. Extended family: family with grandparents, aunts, uncles, grown children, parents, and small children living together. Nuclear family: family of parents and their children living together. Nuclear family: family of parents and their children living together.

15 Vocab… Role: the function of a person in a society. Role: the function of a person in a society. Status: the degree of importance we have in society. Status: the degree of importance we have in society. Icon: an image or figure that represents something (like a nation’s flag). Icon: an image or figure that represents something (like a nation’s flag).


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