Presentation on theme: "HEALTH- THE COMBINATION OF PHYSICAL, MENTAL/EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL WELL- BEING Ch. 1 Outline."— Presentation transcript:
HEALTH- THE COMBINATION OF PHYSICAL, MENTAL/EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL WELL- BEING Ch. 1 Outline
General Health- Lesson 1 Health is a point on a continuum from poor to excellent Health is dynamic- it is constantly changing Do changes occur suddenly or gradually? Wellness- a state of overall well-being (living a healthy life) Health Education- providing accurate health information to help people make healthy choices Healthy People a nationwide health promotion plan designed to improve the health of the nation- now it is 2014! Health Literacy- a person’s ability to learn and understand basic health information- you do not need to understand complex medical terms
Lifestyle Factors Longevity- How long a person lives Lifestyle Factors- Behaviors you do everyday that can affect your health Positive Factors hrs. sleep 2. HEALTHY BREAKFAST & NUTRITIOUS FOOD 3. PHYSICALLY ACTIVE 60 MIN./DAY 4. MAINTAIN A HEALTHY WEIGHT 5. AVOID TOBACCO, ALCOHOL & DRUGS 6. ABSTINENCE FROM PREMARITAL SEX 7. MANAGE STRESS 8. POSITIVE RELATIONSHIPS 9. PRACTICE SAFE BEHAVIORS/PREVENTION- ( SEAT BELTS, HELMETS, SUNSCREEN)
Lifestyle Factors Negative Factors 1. Using tobacco, alcohol or drugs 2. No breakfast, unhealthy diet 3. Sedentary lifestyle- no exercise 4. Abusive relationships 5. Premarital sex, having multiple partners 6. Not practicing prevention (seat belts, helmets, etc.) Become a critical thinker and be able to evaluate health information, using reliable resources and be able to communicate your knowledge
Health Triangle- Lesson 2
Health Triangle Physical- Energy to perform daily activities Cope with stress and challenges Resist diseases Avoid injury Eat right Exercise Avoid substance abuse
Health Triangle Mental/Emotional Understand your feelings and healthy ways to express them Learn new things (read for pleasure) Accept responsibility for your actions Have strong values and beliefs- good character Deal positively with frustrations- positive outlook Positive self esteem & self image
Health Triangle Social How you get along with others Ability to make friends Ability to cooperate with others Good communication skills Showing respect for yourself and others
Influences on Health Heredity- traits passed on biologically by your parents Physical features Tendency for certain illnesses and disease resistance Intellectual abilities Personality Risk Taking genes
Influences on Health Environment- The sum of your surroundings Physical- air pollution, school, community. Crime rate Social- family, friends, peers -(people of the same age who share similar interests)
Additional Influences Culture- ethnic foods, traditions, religion Attitude- your perception or view of events **Behavior- This is the one you have the most control over** Media- internet, TV, magazines, movies, etc. Technology- computers, advanced medical tests and treatments
Reducing Health Risks- Lesson 3 Risk Behaviors- actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others Not wearing a seat belt Drinking and driving Not wearing helmets and other protective gear Substance abuse Unhealthy diet No exercise
Health Risks Cumulative Risks- risks that increase in effect with each added risk – 2 types Doing something over a long period of time such as smoking a pack of cigarettes everyday for 20 years or eating McDonald’s Hamburger and fries everyday for 20 years More that one risk at a time- ex.- driving on a rainy day without your seatbelt and texting
Health Risks Abstinence- Avoiding harmful behaviors 1. Avoiding Premarital Sex- the most common type-advantages No unplanned pregnancy No STDs No emotional problems such as guilt or regret 2. Avoiding Tobacco, alcohol and drugs No DUIs, accidents, addiction No illegal activity
Health Health almost always comes down to one thing- the choices or decisions that you make!
Ch. 2 Outline- Lesson 1 Health Skills- tools and strategies that help you improve all aspects of your health Interpersonal Communication- exchange of thoughts feelings and beliefs between two or more people Communication- Sending and receiving messages Clearly say what you mean- use “I” messages Speak in a respectful tone- match facial expressions and body gestures Be a good listener- avoid interrupting, eye contact, nod and question appropriately
What are some ways to say “No”?
Health Skills Refusal Skills- How to say “No” Say “No” assertively (clear and confident) Change the subject Suggest alternatives Use appropriate body language Make excuses Leave, if necessary Avoid places that might put you in a precarious position
Health Skills Conflict resolution Calm down and think- count to 10 before reacting Discuss and listen Use a polite tone of voice- use “I” messages Take a time out- leave if necessary
Health Skills Self Management Practice Healthy behaviors Manage stress- music, laugh, meditate, yoga, manage time, etc. Analyze Influences Internal influences- your likes and dislikes, values, goals, dreams External influences- family, peers, environment, media, culture, etc. Access reliable information- your parents, medical provider, government agencies, reliable educational and medical sites Advocate for the health of others- influence healthy choices
Decision Making I need six volunteers- Put yourself in the order that you should make a decision.
Decisions and Goals- Lesson 2 Decision Making Process State the situation List the options Weigh the outcomes- Healthy–Ethical–Legal-Parents approve Consider Values- honesty, responsibility, respect, etc. Make a decision and act Evaluate the decision (make adjustments if needed)
Goals Short term goal- something you can reach in a short period of time Long term goal- a goal you can reach over an extended period of time – made up of short term goals Action plan for goals Set a specific goal List the steps needed Identify sources of help Set a reasonable time frame Evaluate your progress – a chart or calendar Reward yourself for reaching your goal!
Character- Lesson 3 Character- distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels and behaves Good character- Strong core ethical values- responsibility, honesty, integrity, respect- which are held in high regard across all cultures! Traits- stand up for beliefs, stand up against bullies, good role models, volunteer Developing good character- affects your decisions, actions and behavior Positive role models- someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others- parents, grandparents, siblings, coaches, teachers, celebrities(be careful) Demonstrate Character- Make a difference at home- help out around the house, follow rules Make a difference at school- join ASG, pick up trash, respect others Make a difference in the community- volunteer, obey laws, develop tolerance of other people
Chapter 3 Outline Health Consumer- anyone who purchases health products or services Influences- Advertising- Strategies or Techniques Bandwagon Humor Celebrity/Rich & Famous Great Outdoors Free gifts Good times Sex appeal Testimonial Artistic Jingles Logos- logic, statistics, experts, facts Ethos- testimonial, respect, trustworthiness Pathos- emotional appeal, empathy, sympathy, love, guilt
Consumer Choices Comparison Shopping- price, quality, features, warranty, safety Read Product labels Directions for use Precautions and warnings Intended use Amount and recommended use Ingredients- listed from most by weight to least, some will list active ingredients Expiration dates & manufacturer
Community Health Services Primary Care Physician- main doctor Health Care System- HMO or PPO insurance Specialists- medical doctors trained to handle specific areas – allergist, pediatrician, oncologist, orthopedist, psychiatrist, dermatologist, OB/GYN, podiatrist, gastroenterologist
Community Health Agencies FDA- Food and Drug Administration CDC- Centers for Disease Control WHO- World Health Organization USDA- United States Department of Agriculture EPA- Environmental Protection Agency