Presentation on theme: "Ch. 1 Outline Health- The combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being."— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 1 OutlineHealth- The combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being
2 General Health- Lesson 1 Health is a point on a continuum from poor to excellentHealth is dynamic- it is constantly changingDo changes occur suddenly or gradually?Wellness- a state of overall well-being (living a healthy life)Health Education- providing accurate health information to help people make healthy choicesHealthy People a nationwide health promotion plan designed to improve the health of the nation- now it is 2014!Health Literacy- a person’s ability to learn and understand basic health information- you do not need to understand complex medical terms
3 Lifestyle Factors Longevity- How long a person lives Lifestyle Factors- Behaviors you do everyday that can affect your healthPositive Factors hrs. sleep2. HEALTHY Breakfast & Nutritious Food3. Physically Active 60 min./day4. Maintain a healthy weight5. Avoid tobacco, alcohol & drugs6. abstinence from premarital sex7. manage stress8. positive relationships9. practice safe behaviors/Prevention- ( seat belts, helmets, sunscreen)
4 Lifestyle Factors Negative Factors 1. Using tobacco, alcohol or drugs 2. No breakfast, unhealthy diet3. Sedentary lifestyle- no exercise4. Abusive relationships5. Premarital sex, having multiple partners6. Not practicing prevention (seat belts, helmets, etc.)Become a critical thinker and be able to evaluate health information, using reliable resources and be able to communicate your knowledge
6 Health Triangle Physical- Energy to perform daily activities Cope with stress and challengesResist diseasesAvoid injuryEat rightExerciseAvoid substance abuse
7 Health Triangle Mental/Emotional Understand your feelings and healthy ways to express themLearn new things (read for pleasure)Accept responsibility for your actionsHave strong values and beliefs- good characterDeal positively with frustrations- positive outlookPositive self esteem & self image
8 Health Triangle Social How you get along with others Ability to make friendsAbility to cooperate with othersGood communication skillsShowing respect for yourself and others
9 Influences on HealthHeredity- traits passed on biologically by your parentsPhysical featuresTendency for certain illnesses and disease resistanceIntellectual abilitiesPersonalityRisk Taking genes
10 Influences on Health Environment- The sum of your surroundings Physical- air pollution, school, community. Crime rateSocial- family, friends, peers -(people of the same age who share similar interests)
11 Additional Influences Culture- ethnic foods, traditions, religionAttitude- your perception or view of events**Behavior- This is the one you have the most control over**Media- internet, TV, magazines, movies, etc.Technology- computers, advanced medical tests and treatments
12 Reducing Health Risks- Lesson 3 Risk Behaviors- actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of othersNot wearing a seat beltDrinking and drivingNot wearing helmets and other protective gearSubstance abuseUnhealthy dietNo exercise
13 Health RisksCumulative Risks- risks that increase in effect with each added risk – 2 typesDoing something over a long period of time such as smoking a pack of cigarettes everyday for 20 years or eating McDonald’s Hamburger and fries everyday for 20 yearsMore that one risk at a time- ex.- driving on a rainy day without your seatbelt and texting
14 Health Risks Abstinence- Avoiding harmful behaviors 1. Avoiding Premarital Sex- the most common type-advantagesNo unplanned pregnancyNo STDsNo emotional problems such as guilt or regretAvoiding Tobacco, alcohol and drugsNo DUIs, accidents, addictionNo illegal activity
15 HealthHealth almost always comes down to one thing- the choices or decisions that you make!
16 Ch. 2 Outline- Lesson 1Health Skills- tools and strategies that help you improve all aspects of your healthInterpersonal Communication- exchange of thoughts feelings and beliefs between two or more peopleCommunication- Sending and receiving messagesClearly say what you mean- use “I” messagesSpeak in a respectful tone- match facial expressions and body gesturesBe a good listener- avoid interrupting, eye contact, nod and question appropriately
18 Health Skills Refusal Skills- How to say “No” Say “No” assertively (clear and confident)Change the subjectSuggest alternativesUse appropriate body languageMake excusesLeave, if necessaryAvoid places that might put you in a precarious position
19 Health Skills Conflict resolution Calm down and think- count to 10 before reactingDiscuss and listenUse a polite tone of voice- use “I” messagesTake a time out- leave if necessary
20 Health Skills Self Management Practice Healthy behaviors Manage stress- music, laugh, meditate, yoga, manage time, etc.Analyze InfluencesInternal influences- your likes and dislikes, values, goals, dreamsExternal influences- family, peers, environment, media, culture, etc.Access reliable information- your parents, medical provider, government agencies, reliable educational and medical sitesAdvocate for the health of others- influence healthy choices
21 Decision MakingI need six volunteers- Put yourself in the order that you should make a decision.
22 Decisions and Goals- Lesson 2 Decision Making ProcessState the situationList the optionsWeigh the outcomes- Healthy–Ethical–Legal-Parents approveConsider Values- honesty, responsibility, respect, etc.Make a decision and actEvaluate the decision (make adjustments if needed)
23 GoalsShort term goal- something you can reach in a short period of timeLong term goal- a goal you can reach over an extended period of time – made up of short term goalsAction plan for goalsSet a specific goalList the steps neededIdentify sources of helpSet a reasonable time frameEvaluate your progress – a chart or calendarReward yourself for reaching your goal!
24 Character- Lesson 3 Demonstrate Character- Character- distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels and behavesGood character- Strong core ethical values- responsibility, honesty, integrity, respect- which are held in high regard across all cultures!Traits- stand up for beliefs, stand up against bullies, good role models, volunteerDeveloping good character- affects your decisions, actions and behaviorPositive role models- someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others- parents, grandparents, siblings, coaches, teachers, celebrities(be careful)Demonstrate Character-Make a difference at home- help out around the house, follow rulesMake a difference at school- join ASG, pick up trash, respect othersMake a difference in the community- volunteer, obey laws, develop tolerance of other people
25 Chapter 3 OutlineHealth Consumer- anyone who purchases health products or servicesInfluences- Advertising- Strategies or TechniquesBandwagonHumorCelebrity/Rich & FamousGreat OutdoorsFree giftsGood timesSex appealTestimonialArtisticJinglesLogos- logic, statistics, experts, factsEthos- testimonial, respect, trustworthinessPathos- emotional appeal, empathy, sympathy, love, guilt
26 Consumer ChoicesComparison Shopping- price, quality, features, warranty, safetyRead Product labelsDirections for usePrecautions and warningsIntended useAmount and recommended useIngredients- listed from most by weight to least, some will list active ingredientsExpiration dates & manufacturer
27 Community Health Services Primary Care Physician- main doctorHealth Care System- HMO or PPO insuranceSpecialists- medical doctors trained to handle specific areas – allergist, pediatrician, oncologist, orthopedist, psychiatrist, dermatologist, OB/GYN, podiatrist, gastroenterologist
28 Community Health Agencies FDA- Food and Drug AdministrationCDC- Centers for Disease ControlWHO- World Health OrganizationUSDA- United States Department of AgricultureEPA- Environmental Protection Agency
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