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KINGDOM FUNGI CP Biology - Chapter 21 Paul VI Catholic High School
FUNGI FUNGI ARE HETEROTROPHS FILAMENTOUS BODIES –HYPHAE & MYCELIA NUCLEAR EXCHANGE
CELL WALLS OF CHITIN NUCLEAR MITOSIS –NUCLEAR ENVELOPE REMAINS INTACT –MITOSIS OCCURS WITHIN THE SPINDLE (PLAQUES) EXTRACORPOREAL DIGESTION
FUNGI FAIRY RING: Reproductive structures of subterranean fungus
FUNGI FOUR MAIN GROUPS: ZYGOMYCETES ( Common Molds ) ASCOMYCETES ( Sac Fungi ) BASIDIOMYCETES ( Club Fungi ) DEUTEROMYCETES ( Imperfect Fungi)
FUNGI ZYGOMYCETES ( Common Molds ) RHIZOPUS STOLONIFER HYPHAE: STOLONS RHIZOIDS SPORANGIOPHORES
REPRODUCTION: ASEXUAL Haploid Spores SEXUAL GAMETANGIA PLASMOGAMY KARYOGAMY
FUNGI Rhizopus decomposing strawberries
FUNGI ASCOMYCETES : ( Sac Fungi ) –Truffles & Morels –Conidia forms asexual spores –Ascus contains spores from sexual reproduction –Ascocarp: “Fruiting Body”
FUNGI ASCOMYCETE: Scarlet Cup Fungus
ERGOT: Active ingredient in LSD
FUNGI BASIDIOMYCETES: ( Club Fungi ) –Basidium (lat.) “Pedestal” –Toadstools, Mushrooms, Puffballs –Basidiocarp is “Fruiting Body” –Gills contain the spores –Some varieties poisonous
FUNGI Varieties of Basidiomycetes
Poisonous varieties Basidiomycetes
FUNGI AMANITA PHALLOIDES “Death Angel”
FUNGI AMANITA PHALLOIDES Small ingestion sufficient for death RNA Polymerase Inhibitor Onset 6-12 Hrs.- Duration 5-7 Days Death from Kidney, Liver Failure No Treatment; No Antagonist
FUNGI AMANITA MUSCARINA Muscarinic Effects –Pinpoint Pupils –Excessive sweating, salivating –Low Blood Pressure –Nausea, Vomiting –Lower Heart Rate –Atropine Antagonist
FUNGI Amanita muscarina
FUNGI DEUTEROMYCETES: (Imperfect Fungi) –“Imperfectly Understood” –Beneficial & Harmful Varieties Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Aspergilla Cutaneous Diseases Penicillium notatum
FUNGI Cutaneous Lesions of Deuteromycetes
FUNGI Penicillium notatum Sir Alexander Fleming
FUNGI SYMBIOTIC FUNGAL ORGANISMS LICHENS –Combination of Fungus Usually Ascomycete Occasionally Basidiomycete and either: Photosynthetic bacterium Green Algae
FUNGUS LICHENS (cont’d): –“Pioneer Colonies” –Pigment used for dyes –Litmus Paper –Indicator of Air Quality
FUNGI SYMBIOTIC FUNGAL ORGANISMS MYCORRHIZAE: –Mutualistic association plant & fungi –Found in over 90% vascular plants –Enhance nutrient availability to plant –Receive glucose from plant
FUNGI SYMBIOTIC FUNGAL ORGANISMS MYCORRHIZAE: –ENDOMYCORRHIZAE: Usually Zygomycete Fungus enters into plant cell –ECTOMYCORRHIZAE: Usually Basidiomycete Fungus does NOT enter plant cell
Characteristics of Fungi Kingdom Fungi Characteristics Heterotrophic – obtain energy by decomposing organic material Structures are made of the same type.
Kingdom Fungi Eukaryotic, cell walls made of chitin, saprophytic or parasitic and essential as decomposers.
Fungi. Shared Characteristics Distinctive fungal features – Fungi are heterotrophs. – Fungi have several cell types. – Some fungi have a dikaryon stage.
Kingdom: Fungi Eukaryotic,Extracellular digestion, heterotrophic, Asexual and sexual reproduction by spores. Cell wall made of chitin No vascular tissue.
KINGDOM FUNGI Mycology - the study of fungi. FUNGI General characteristics General characteristicsEukaryotic Heterotrophic (decomposers) Have cell walls.
Exploring Diversity Fungi. Kingdom Fungi Fungi are heterotrophic (break down dead material) Fungi have bodies made of filaments Fungal cell walls contain.
Chapter 31 Fungi. Characteristics eukaryotic mostly multicellular, yeasts unicellular no locomotion sexual & asexual reproduction in most heterotrophic.
Fungi. Characteristics of Fungi Eukaryotes Most are _____cellular Not closely related to other kingdoms of organisms Fungi were once placed in.
Fungi The Kingdom of Fungi. What are Fungi? Eukaryotic heterotrophs Cell walls made of chitin Most multicelluar ◦ Except yeast Absorb nutrients from decaying.
Chapter 22 Fungi Section 1: Characteristics of Fungi Section 2: Fungal Diversity Section 3: Fungal Partnerships.
FUNGI. COMMON FUNGI EXAMPLES: –Mushrooms, yeasts, molds, morels, bracket fungi, puff balls.
FUNGI. Mycology -the study of fungi fungi - singular fungus - plural 1) fungi are eukaryotic they have a nuclei & mitochondria 2) they are heterotrophs.
1 Living organisms are classified into 3 Domains and 6 Kingdoms 1.Bacteria 2.Archaea 3.Eukarya 4 Kingdoms in this Domain.
Chapter 21- Fungi Edible morels from Phylum Basidiomycota.
Fungi. Characteristics Multicellular (few exceptions like yeast) Eukaryotic Heterotrophic, break down food then absorb, saprotrophic Some are parasitic,
Chapter 21 : Kingdom Fungi Page: 527. What types of Fungi do you know? Bread Molds Mushrooms Molds on oranges Yeasts Mildews Rusts & Smuts.
The Kingdom Fungi Chapter 21 Biology – Miller Levine.
Biology Department 1. According to nutrition : Saprobes Decomposers Molds, mushrooms. Parasites Harm host Rusts and smuts (attack plants)
Fungi Chapter Defining Fungi Mycologists believe there may be as many as 1.5 million fungal species Fungi are classified into six main groups -Chytrids.
Kingdom Fungi. Fungi are NOT plants Red algae Green algae Land plants Fungi Choanoflagellates Myxozoa Animals The ancestor of fungi is thought to have.
Fungi. l First fungi were probably flagellated. –First fossils – 480 million years ago (Ordovician Period) –Molecular Clock suggests 1 billion years ago.
A mushroom goes into a bar. The bartender looks at him and says, “get out of here, we don’t serve your kind.” The mushroom says to the bartender, “Why.
True Fungi break down dead organic material provide numerous drugs foods like mushrooms Plant and animal diseases.
Fig Honey Mushroom, Oregon, subterranean filaments =1,800 football fields Ch. 31 Fungi.
Fungi. General Characteristics l Primarily terrestrial l Filamentous –hyphae u coenocytic u septate –mycelium –haustoria.
Kingdom Fungi Some of the most important organisms, both in terms of their ecological and economic roles. Decomposers that break down dead organic.
Chapter 21 Kingdom Fungi Learning Targets What are the characteristics of Fungi? What is the internal structure of a fungus? How do fungi reproduce?
Fungi (Chapter 31). Pink ear rot of corn Figure
Fungi Chapter 19 I. Characteristics of Kingdom Fungi; A. Eukaryotic 1. parasites; haustoria invade hosts cells * ringworm and athletes foot 2. saprophytes;
Chapter 18 Fungus Fungi are adapted for nutrition by absorption hyphae: tiny threads of cytoplasm surrounded by a plasma membrane and covered by.
Chapter 20. Objectives Identify the basic characteristics of fungi Explain the role of fungi as decomposers and how this role affects the flow of.
Characteristics HETEROTROPIC –No chlorophyll –SAPROBES: Energy from breaking down organic material –PARASITES: harm others that live near them Can cause.
Ch. 22 Fungi By: Brianna Shields April 27, 2006 By: Brianna Shields April 27, 2006.
FUNGI. why are mushrooms not plants? Features of fungi eukaryotic, mostly multicellular; terrestrial; have thin filaments called hyphae;
The Fungi Kingdom Mycology -the study of fungi fungi - plural fungus - singular 1) fungi are eukaryotic they have a nuclei & mitochondria 2) they are heterotrophs.
Classification of Fungi Biology 112. How are fungi organized? Fungi are organized according to their structure and function of reproduction This makes.
FUNGI. COMMON FUNGI EXAMPLES: Mushrooms, yeasts, molds, morels, bracket fungi, puff balls.
Fungi Section What is a Fungus? They are heterotrophic eukaryotes with a cell wall They obtain food by extracellular digestion and absorption Enzymes.
Fungi Decomposers, Mutualists, and Killers. Fungi –(most) degrade dead organic matter –form nutritional partnerships with most vascular plants & some.
30 Fungi: Recyclers, Pathogens, Parasites, and Plant Partners.
KINGDOM FUNGI. DNA evidence now indicates kingdom fungi is more closely related to animals than plants!!!!
Ch. 21 Fungi What did Mr. Fungus say to Ms. Algae, when he proposed? I lichen you!
1 Fungi Of Lutheran High 2 What is a fungi? Usually they are popular Have a sense of humor Appreciates you.
The Kingdom Fungi. What Are Fungi? Eukaryotic heterotrophs with cell walls. contain chitin, a complex carbohydrate.
Kingdom Fungi I. General Characteristics 1. Found almost everywhere 2. Used to be classified as plants because they were anchored and have cell walls,
Lecture #13 Date ______ Chapter 31 ~ Fungi. Fungi Heterotrophic by absorption (exoenzymes) Decomposers (saprobes), parasites, mutualistic symbionts (lichens)
Chapter 23: Fungi Fungus Diversity Identify what fungi are. Describe habitats of fungi. Outline the structure of fungi. Describe fungi reproduction.
Fungi (Chapter 31)
Chapter 31 – Introduction to Fungi. Fungi characteristics Heterotrophic External digestion Hyphae –Threadlike filaments –Chains of cells can be separated.
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