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KINGDOM FUNGI CP Biology - Chapter 21 Paul VI Catholic High School
FUNGI FUNGI ARE HETEROTROPHS FILAMENTOUS BODIES –HYPHAE & MYCELIA NUCLEAR EXCHANGE
CELL WALLS OF CHITIN NUCLEAR MITOSIS –NUCLEAR ENVELOPE REMAINS INTACT –MITOSIS OCCURS WITHIN THE SPINDLE (PLAQUES) EXTRACORPOREAL DIGESTION
FUNGI FAIRY RING: Reproductive structures of subterranean fungus
FUNGI FOUR MAIN GROUPS: ZYGOMYCETES ( Common Molds ) ASCOMYCETES ( Sac Fungi ) BASIDIOMYCETES ( Club Fungi ) DEUTEROMYCETES ( Imperfect Fungi)
FUNGI ZYGOMYCETES ( Common Molds ) RHIZOPUS STOLONIFER HYPHAE: STOLONS RHIZOIDS SPORANGIOPHORES
REPRODUCTION: ASEXUAL Haploid Spores SEXUAL GAMETANGIA PLASMOGAMY KARYOGAMY
FUNGI Rhizopus decomposing strawberries
FUNGI ASCOMYCETES : ( Sac Fungi ) –Truffles & Morels –Conidia forms asexual spores –Ascus contains spores from sexual reproduction –Ascocarp: “Fruiting Body”
FUNGI ASCOMYCETE: Scarlet Cup Fungus
ERGOT: Active ingredient in LSD
FUNGI BASIDIOMYCETES: ( Club Fungi ) –Basidium (lat.) “Pedestal” –Toadstools, Mushrooms, Puffballs –Basidiocarp is “Fruiting Body” –Gills contain the spores –Some varieties poisonous
FUNGI Varieties of Basidiomycetes
Poisonous varieties Basidiomycetes
FUNGI AMANITA PHALLOIDES “Death Angel”
FUNGI AMANITA PHALLOIDES Small ingestion sufficient for death RNA Polymerase Inhibitor Onset 6-12 Hrs.- Duration 5-7 Days Death from Kidney, Liver Failure No Treatment; No Antagonist
FUNGI AMANITA MUSCARINA Muscarinic Effects –Pinpoint Pupils –Excessive sweating, salivating –Low Blood Pressure –Nausea, Vomiting –Lower Heart Rate –Atropine Antagonist
FUNGI Amanita muscarina
FUNGI DEUTEROMYCETES: (Imperfect Fungi) –“Imperfectly Understood” –Beneficial & Harmful Varieties Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Aspergilla Cutaneous Diseases Penicillium notatum
FUNGI Cutaneous Lesions of Deuteromycetes
FUNGI Penicillium notatum Sir Alexander Fleming
FUNGI SYMBIOTIC FUNGAL ORGANISMS LICHENS –Combination of Fungus Usually Ascomycete Occasionally Basidiomycete and either: Photosynthetic bacterium Green Algae
FUNGUS LICHENS (cont’d): –“Pioneer Colonies” –Pigment used for dyes –Litmus Paper –Indicator of Air Quality
FUNGI SYMBIOTIC FUNGAL ORGANISMS MYCORRHIZAE: –Mutualistic association plant & fungi –Found in over 90% vascular plants –Enhance nutrient availability to plant –Receive glucose from plant
FUNGI SYMBIOTIC FUNGAL ORGANISMS MYCORRHIZAE: –ENDOMYCORRHIZAE: Usually Zygomycete Fungus enters into plant cell –ECTOMYCORRHIZAE: Usually Basidiomycete Fungus does NOT enter plant cell
Fungi Level 1 Biological Diversity Jim Provan Campbell: Chapter 31.
The Fungi Chapter 23. The Fungi 2OutlineCharacteristics Structure Structure Reproduction ReproductionEvolution Sac Fungi Sac Fungi Yeasts Yeasts Club.
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations for Biology Eighth Edition Neil Campbell.
AP Biology Domain Eubacteria Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Common ancestor Kingdom: Fungi Domain Eukarya.
Fungi A spore stalk from a fungus that killed a carpenter ant grew upward from the ants head.
Find a new seat Take out review calender AND March calendar Please write in your planner that you owe $5 to the student store per AP test Reviews are every.
Fungi. Fungi are eukaryotic heterotrophs that digest food externally and absorb the the digested materials through their body walls. Fungi are eukaryotic.
Chapter Contents – page ix Chapter 20 FungiFungi 20.1: What is a fungus?What is a fungus? 20.1: Section CheckSection Check 20.2: The Diversity of FungiThe.
Phase I/ Module VII Dr Ekta, Microbiology 1 Classification & General Properties of Fungi.
Microbiology 205 Georgetta Seidel. Definitions Mycologists--scientists who study fungi Mycology--scientific discipline dealing with fungi Mycoses--diseases.
Fungi Chapter 20. Categories of Fungi 1.Multicellular –Most fungi –Do not contain chloroplasts 2.Unicellular –Yeasts.
Fungi. FUNGI We have already learned about Bacteria, Viruses, and Protists Now its time to study Fungi MICROBES: 1.Viruses 2.Bacteria 3.Protists 4.Fungi.
Kingdoms and Domains Parade Through the Kingdoms Presentation Dr. Senegar-Mitchell.
PROTISTS AND FUNGI. Similarities and Differences in the Protist Kingdom All are eukaryotes (cells with nuclei). Live in moist surroundings. Unicellular.
Kingdom Fungi. The Characteristics of Fungi Eukaryotes - true nucleus and other organelles present. Non-Photosynthetic organisms Most fungi are multicellular.
Fungi Eukaryotes (have cell walls) Hyphae- threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi. (pg. 479)
The Kingdom Fungi Mysterious Molds Mildews And Mushrooms.
CHAPTER 30: FUNGI Kelsey and Kendra. What is a Fungus? Fungi have absorptive heterotrophy and chitin in their cell walls. Fungi have various nutritional.
Biology AHSGE Standard IX- Five and Six Kingdom Classifications (2 questions)
CROSSING OVER IN Sordaria By Mrs. Jones. MAIN MENU Intro to the fungi Sordaria Life CycleSordaria Life Cycle Structures of SordariaStructures of Sordaria.
Classification of organisms Kingdoms: Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protist and Fungi.
PROTISTS AND FUNGI. Commonalities / Differences in the Protist Kingdom All are eukaryotes (cells with nuclei). Live in moist surroundings. Unicellular.
Kingdom Fungi Eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic Used to be classified in the plant kingdom, but because they lack chlorophyll (dont photosynthesize),
6 Kingdoms Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia These four kingdoms are believed to have evolved from the Archaebacteria. Formerly.
6 Kingdoms of Life. The student will investigate and understand life functions of archaebacteria, monerans (eubacteria), protists, fungi, plants, and.
** Images and lecture material were not entirely created by J. Bond. Some of this material was created by others.**
Fungi Are they helpful or harmful?. Traits of Fungi Most fungi have cells with a cell wall and more than one nucleus Most are.
Analogy: Kitchen junk drawer Animal-like Plant-like In General Mostly aquatic life Usually unicellular – Eukaryotic Reproduction: – Some asexual, some.
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