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Preview Warm Up California Standards Lesson Presentation

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**Warm Up Solve. 1. n + 9 = 17 2. 6x = 42 3. 71 – z = 55 n = 8 4. x = 7**

y 8 = 9 y = 72

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California Standards Preview of Grade AF4.1 Solve two-step linear equations and inequalities in one variable over the rational numbers, interpret the solution or solutions in the context from which they arose, and verify the reasonableness of the results.

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When you solve equations that have one operation, you use an inverse operation to isolate the variable. n + 7 = 15 – –7 n = 8 You can also use inverse operations to solve equations that have more than one operation. 2x + 3 = 23 – 3 – 3 2x = 20 Use the inverse of multiplying by 2 to isolate x. x = 10

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**Reverse the order of operations when solving equations that have more than one operation.**

Helpful Hint

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**Additional Example 1A: Solving Two-Step Equations Using Division**

Solve. Check your answer. 9c + 3 = 39 9c + 3 = 39 – 3 –3 Subtract 3 from both sides. 9c = 36 9c 9 = 36 Divide both sides by 9. c = 4

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**Additional Example 1A Continued**

Check. 9c + 3 = 39 9(4) + 3 ? = 39 Substitute 4 for c. ? = ? = 4 is a solution.

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**Additional Example 2: Solving Two-Step Equations Using Multiplication**

Solve. y 5 A. 6 + = 21 y 5 6 + = 21 – –6 Subtract 6 from both sides. y 5 = 15 (5) y 5 = (5)15 Multiply both sides by 5. y = 75

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**Additional Example 3: Consumer Math Application**

Jamie rented a canoe while she was on vacation. She paid a flat rental fee of $85.00, plus $7.50 each day. Her total cost was $ For how many days did she rent the canoe? Let d represent the number of days she rented the canoe. 7.5d + 85 = 130 – –85 Subtract 85 from both sides. 7.5d = 45 7.5d = 45 Divide both sides by 7.5. 7.5 7.5 d = 6 Jamie rented the canoe for 6 days.

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Check It Out! Example 1B Solve. Check the answer. –6m – 8 = –50 –6m – 8 = –50 Add 8 to both sides. –6m = –42 –6m –6 = –42 Divide both sides by –6. m = 7

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**Subtract 8 from both sides. = 40**

Check It Out! Example 2 Solve. y 2 A. 8 + = 48 y 2 8 + = 48 – –8 Subtract 8 from both sides. y 2 = 40 y 2 = (2)40 Multiply both sides by 2. (2) y = 80

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**Subtract 25 from both sides.**

Check It Out! Example 3 Jack’s father rented a car while they were on vacation. He paid a rental fee of $20.00 per day, plus 20¢ a mile. He paid $25.00 for mileage and his total bill for renting the car was $ For how many days did he rent the car? Let d represent the number of days he rented the car. 20d + 25 = 165 – – 25 Subtract 25 from both sides. 20d = 140 20d = 140 Divide both sides by 20. 20 20 d = 7 Jack’s father rented the car for 7 days.

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**Solve. Check your answers. 1. 6x + 8 = 44 2. 14y – 14 = 28 3. 4. x = 6**

Lesson Quiz Solve. Check your answers. 1. 6x + 8 = 44 2. 14y – 14 = 28 3. 4. x = 6 y = 3 m 7 12 = 63 = m v –8 – 6 = 8 v = –112 5. Last Sunday, the Humane Society had a 3-hour adoption clinic. During the week the clinic is open for 2 hours on days when volunteers are available. If the Humane Society was open for a total of 9 hours last week, how many weekdays was the clinic open? 3 days

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