# Preview Warm Up California Standards Lesson Presentation.

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Preview Warm Up California Standards Lesson Presentation

Tell whether the ratios are proportional.
Warm Up Tell whether the ratios are proportional. 1. = 2. = 3. = 4. = 6 9 ? 24 36 yes 56 68 ? 14 17 yes 12 13 ? 60 78 no 45 6 ? 30 4 yes

California Standards AF4.2 Solve multistep problems involving rate, average speed, distance, and time or a direct variation. Also covered: AF3.3, AF3.4

A direct variation is a linear function that can be written as y = kx, where k is a nonzero constant called the constant of variation.

Additional Example 1: Determining Whether a Data Set Varies Directly
Determine whether the data set shows direct variation. A.

Method 1: Make a graph. The graph is not linear.

Method 2: Compare ratios. 81 81 ≠ 264 The ratios are not equivalent. 22 3 27 12 = ? 264 Both methods show the relationship is not a direct variation.

Additional Example 1: Determining Whether a Data Set Varies Directly
Determine whether the data set shows direct variation. B.

Method 1: Make a graph. Plot the points. The points lie in a straight line. (0, 0) is included.

Method 2: Compare ratios. 25 10 50 20 75 30 100 40 The ratio is constant. = = = Both methods show the relationship is a direct variation.

Additional Example 2: Finding Equations of Direct Variation
Rachel rents space in a salon to cut and style hair. She paid the salon owner \$24 for 3 cut and styles. Write a direct variation function for this situation. If Rachel does 7 cut and styles, how much will she pay the salon owner? Step 1 Write the direct variation function. Think: The amount owed varies directly with the amount of cuts given. x = 3 and y = 24 y = kx 24 = k  3 Substitute 24 for y and 3 for x. 8 = k Solve for k. y = 8x Substitute 8 for k in the original equation.

Step 2 Find how much Rachel will pay the salon owner for 7 cut and styles. Substitute 7 for x in the direct variation function. y = 8(7) y = 56 Multiply. Rachel will pay the salon owner \$56 for 7 cut and styles.

Mrs. Perez has \$4000 in a CD and \$4000 in a money market account. The amount of interest she has earned since the beginning of the year is organized in the following table. Determine whether there is a direct variation between either of the data sets and time. If so, find the equation of direct variation.

A. interest from CD and time interest from CD time = 17 1 = = 17 interest from CD time 34 2 The second and third pairs of data result in a common ratio. In fact, all of the nonzero interest from CD to time ratios are equivalent to 17. = = = 17 interest from CD time = = 17 1 34 2 51 3 68 4 The variables are related by a constant ratio of 17 to 1.

B. interest from money market and time interest from money market time = = 19 19 1 interest from money market time = =18.5 37 2 19 ≠ 18.5 If any of the ratios are not equal, then there is no direct variation. It is not necessary to compute additional ratios or to determine whether (0, 0) is included.

Amount of Water in a Rain Gauge
Lesson Quiz: Part I Determine whether the data sets show direct variation. 1. 2. Amount of Water in a Rain Gauge Time (h) 1 2 3 4 5 Rain (in) 6 8 10 direct variation Driving Time Speed (mi/h) 30 40 50 60 80 Time (h) 10 7.5 6 5 3.75 no direct variation

Lesson Quiz: Part II 3. Roy’s income varies directly with the number of dogs that he walks. He earned \$8.50 for walking 2 dogs. Write a direct variation function for this situation. If Roy walks 5 dogs, how much will he earn? y = 4.25x; \$21.25