2Purpose Spring – rebirth, Pilgrimage to Canterbury Pay homage to the martyr Saint Thomas a BecketTales characters create to pass the time
3Purpose Characters = various aspects of society Presented in order of their rankEach pilgrim tells four stories
4TermsSatire – a humorous writing or speech intended to point out errors in order to reform human behavior or human institutions.Physiognomy - the art of determining character or personal characteristics from the form or features of the body, esp. of the face. (dictionary. COM)
5TermsFrame structure & Frame Tale – a story that provides a vehicle for the telling of other storiesCharacterization – the use of literary techniques to create a character. Indirect & Direct?Irony – a difference between appearance and reality.
6Setting & Narrator Southwark, The Tabbard Inn 29 travelers Narrator (+ 1) – meets travelers and will go on pilgrimage with themOffers descriptions of each of the travelers
7Setting & Narrator Will be repeating the tales of everyone Going to speak plainly“The word should be as cousin to the deed” – Narrator quotes Plato
8Knight An honored fighter…he always wins Dress – shabby and stained Sin?
9Squire Son of the Knight 20 yrs. Old Danced, wrote poetry, sang Lover (“He slept as little as a nightingale”What is his motive for following his father?Sin?
10Yeoman With the Knight and the Squire Dress of the forester – bright green, geared up for huntingSin?
11Nun, Prioress Mother Superior; had another Nun and 3 Priests Feigned knowing French – knowing French would mean having statusHow did she eat?Courtliness – politely or flatteringlyCounterfeit courtly grace - clumsyPhysical Features – fat, uglyJewelry – bright and expensiveAmor vincit omnia – Love conquers allSin?
12Monk Hunting regularly Strict with his religious duties? - “took the modern world’s more spacious way”Sin?
13Friar Wanton – extravagant, unrestrained “knew taverns” “giving each/Of his young women what he could afford/Her” – fascinated with women (lustful)Good beggarWhere is the money going? = Sin?
14Merchant Stately, rich in dress “In solemn tones, he harped on his increase/Of capital” – talked about all of his assets (money)“none knew he was in debt”Sin?
15Oxford Cleric Very skinny…sickly, weak Couldn’t work in Church or outside of ChurchWhat did he actually do with his time?What should he be doing?Sin?
16Sergeant at the Law Lawyer “He was less busy than he seemed to be” – feigning being busy…why?...sin?
17Franklin Landowner; dressed well (colorful) Dagger and purse – some sort of threatening natureWhat is the contrast that exists in this character?If he’s a social-climber, what’s his sin?
18Guildsmen Tradesmen What are their aspirations? – to be aldermen Tools were all polished, perfect, and matchingWives – stately airs; showing off their place at ChurchWhat is their sin?
19Cook Are the foods listed difficult recipes? Ulcer – disgusting element to someone that makes delicious foodsHe is not so appetizing to see = ironySin?
20Skipper Captain of a ship Enjoyed drinking – “Many a draft of yellow and red/He’d drawn at Bordeaux”“The nicer rules of conscience he ignored” – what does this mean?Harsh and unforgiving - “He sent his prisoner’s home; they walked the plank” – What is “home” here?Sin?
21Doctor Guile – slyness & cunning “….each make money from the other’s guile” – who were all the people involved in the guile?Did not read Bible – what is the irony in his attendance on this particular trip?“Gold stimulates the heart, or so we’re told./He therefore had a special love of gold.”What are the Doctor’s vices (bad habits/sins)?
22Wife of Bath Excellent seamstress What would upset her at the altar? What would she do if she didn’t get her way?Men? – plenty of experience!Gap-teeth – gluttonousSelf-proclaimed “love doctor”
23Parson Poor Knew and taught the Bible “Nay rather he preferred beyond a doubt/Giving to poor parishioners round about/Both from Church offerings and his property” – Where would he get the money from to give to the poor?
24Parson“This noble example to his sheep he gave/That first he wrought, and afterwards he taught;/And it was from the Gospel he had caught/Those words, and he would add this figure too,/That if gold rust, what then will iron do?”What is the Parson’s ideal in this passage?What literary device does he use to portray it?“Christ and His Twelve Apostles and their love/He taught, but followed it himself before”
25PlowmanWorked in fields: tilled soil, planted corn, made manure, dug ditches“….and, as prompt as any,/He paid his tithes in full when they were due/On what he owned, and on his earnings too”What is his sin?
26Miller Stout and red-headed “His was master-hand at stealing grain” - How would he steal it?Sin?
27Manciple Victuals – food supplies Illiterate – can’t read Gifted at the marketHow does Chaucer compare the Manciple to the men that he works for (lawyers)?Sin?
28Reeve He was in charge of the farming of his landowners He was knowledgeable in every aspect of his job and could not be swindledHad his own staff of riches; How did he use them? (How was his lord involved?)Sin?
29SummonerUgly – “His face on fire…/for he had carbuncle. His eyes were narrow…/Black scabby brows he had, and a thin beard./Children were afraid when he appeared”; puss-filled pimplesDrunk & loudLines – How does Chaucer describe this man’s talents?
30Summoner“Why he’d allow-just for a quart of wine-/any good lad to keep a concubine [(whore)]/A twelvemonth [(year)] and dispense [(to grant exemption from a law or promise)] him altogether!”“He knew their secrets, they did what he said.” - Blackmail
31Pardoner Stringy, blonde hair; hare-like eyeballs “He’d sewed a holy relic on his cap;/His wallet lay before him on his lap” – What do you think this juxtaposition means?“For in his trunk he had a pillow-case/Which he asserted was Our Lady’s [Mary’s] veil” – What is the truth about the relics?Taught lessons well!
32Host Delicious food and amenities Fair, fun man Comes up with the contestActs as their “Governor”
33Contest Two stories there Two stories back Best tale (good morality and pleasure) gets a free supperHost = judge (will join the pilgrimage)Don’t play by rules = paying for expenses on trip (everyone’s)Draw straws to see who goes first - Knight