Presentation on theme: "Organization of the United States Judicial System"— Presentation transcript:
1 Organization of the United States Judicial System Civics and EconomicsSOL CE.10a
2 QuestionsHow are federal courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each exercise?How are state courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each exercise?
3 Dual Court SystemThe judicial function is exercised in a dual court system, which consists of state courts and federal courts.
4 U.S. Court of Appeals: Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction U.S. Federal CourtsThe United States has a court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from the Constitution of the United States and federal laws.U.S. Supreme Court: Justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdictionU.S. Court of Appeals: Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdictionU.S. District Court: Judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction
5 U.S. Federal CourtsU.S. Supreme CourtU.S. Court of AppealsU.S. District CourtJudgeJuryJurisdiction
6 Virginia’s State Court System Virginia, like each of the other 49 states, has its own separate court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from Virginia’s constitution and state laws.Virginia Supreme Court: Justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdictionCourt of Appeals of Virginia: Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of circuit courtsCircuit court: Judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases; appellate jurisdiction from district courtsGeneral district court, and juvenile and domestic relations court: Judge, no jury; original jurisdiction for misdemeanors in civil cases generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases
7 Virginia’s State Court System Virginia Supreme CourtCourt of Appeals of VirginiaCircuit courtGeneral district court, and juvenile and domestic relations courtJudgeJuryJurisdiction
8 Vocabulary Definitions: dual- two federal- related to a central or supreme level of governmentnational- relating to the nation or country
9 organization a system or structure2. derived come from3. jury a group of people who judge a case (usually 12)4. original first , beginning5. appeal ask another court to review6. review look over again7. criminal case a person who breaks the law is brought the trial8. misdemeanor a crime less serious than a felony9. circuit traveling from place to place in an area such as by a judge10. jurisdiction the limits of authority over an area11.Justices judges of the Supreme Court (9)12. appellate having the power to review the decision s of lower courts13. supreme highest in rank or authoritydistrict an area or section15. felony a serious crime punishable by a heavy sentence16. civil case two or more citizens going to the judge to settle a conflict17. juvenile related to children18. domestic relations involving relationships between family or household members
10 ReviewDescribe the organization of the United States judicial system.