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Civics and Economics SOL CE.10a. » How are federal courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each exercise? » How are state courts organized, and what.

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Presentation on theme: "Civics and Economics SOL CE.10a. » How are federal courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each exercise? » How are state courts organized, and what."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civics and Economics SOL CE.10a

2 » How are federal courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each exercise? » How are state courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each exercise?

3 » The judicial function is exercised in a dual court system, which consists of state courts and federal courts.

4 » The United States has a court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from the Constitution of the United States and federal laws. U.S. Supreme Court: Justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdiction U.S. Court of Appeals: Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction U.S. District Court: Judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction

5 U.S. Supreme CourtU.S. Court of Appeals U.S. District Court Judge Jury Jurisdiction

6 Virginia Supreme Court Virginia Supreme Court: Justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdiction Court of Appeals of Virginia Court of Appeals of Virginia: Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of circuit courts Circuit court Circuit court: Judge, with or without jury; original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases; appellate jurisdiction from district courts General district court, and juvenile and domestic relations court General district court, and juvenile and domestic relations court: Judge, no jury; original jurisdiction for misdemeanors in civil cases generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases Virginia, like each of the other 49 states, has its own separate court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from Virginia’s constitution and state laws.

7 Virginia Supreme Court Court of Appeals of Virginia Circuit courtGeneral district court, and juvenile and domestic relations court Judge Jury Jurisdiction

8 Definitions: dual- two federal- related to a central or supreme level of government national- relating to the nation or country

9 1.organization a system or structure 2. derived come from 3. jury a group of people who judge a case (usually 12) 4. original first, beginning 5. appeal ask another court to review 6. review look over again 7. criminal case a person who breaks the law is brought the trial 8. misdemeanor a crime less serious than a felony 9. circuit traveling from place to place in an area such as by a judge 10. jurisdiction the limits of authority over an area 11.Justices judges of the Supreme Court (9) 12. appellate having the power to review the decision s of lower courts 13. supreme highest in rank or authority 14. district an area or section 15. felony a serious crime punishable by a heavy sentence 16. civil case two or more citizens going to the judge to settle a conflict 17. juvenile related to children 18. domestic relations involving relationships between family or household members

10 » Describe the organization of the United States judicial system.


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