2The Emancipation Proclamation Created by President Lincoln Following the Union Victory at Antietam.Frees the slaves living in “States in Rebellion” as of 1/1/1863.DOES NOT free slaves living in the Border States.Freeing the slaves prevents England from supporting the Confederacy.
4Copperheads (Peace Democrats) Northerners who were opposed to the war effort and against a war of Emancipation.Copperheads form an antiwar platform, and demand the Union settle the war with the Confederacy.Their leader is Clement C. Vallandingham, whom Lincoln had deported to the Confederacy.
5African American Troops Following the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln allows Free Blacks to enlist in the Union Army and Navy.These Men fought bravely in numerous battles, the most celebrated were the “Fighting 54th of MA”Confederates say black soldiers caught fighting for the Union will be executed. Leads to Massacre at Fort Pillow on 4/12/1864
6Lee’s Victory at Chancellorsville May 1st-4th 1863, Lee defeats the Union Commander, “Fighting Joe” Hooker.Hooker loses 17,287 men out of 75,000.Lee loses his best General when “Stonewall” Jackson is accidently shot by his own man.
7The Battle of Gettysburg Fought from July 1st-3rd, 1863.Union Commander: General MeadeConfederate Commander: General LeeLee’s last ditch effort to invade the North, attacking in Gettysburg, PA, to capture badly needed supplies such as shoes.Considered the “TURNING POINT” of war, Lee lost ½ of his army, 28,000 men.The Union lost 23,000 men
9Grant’s Victory at Vicksburg Grant captures Vicksburg, which is the “nail that holds the two halves of the Confederacy together.”Vicksburg was captured on 7/4/1863Capturing Vicksburg gave complete control of the Mississippi to the Union.The Victory will cause Lincoln to name Grant the Head of the Union Army.Vicksburg would not celebrate the 4th of July till 1944
11The Draft: The UnionIn the Union, fewer and fewer men were volunteering for the Army.Congress passed the Federal Conscription Law, creating the “Draft”.Wealthy men could “buy” substitutes (poor immigrants) for $ They were called, “$300 Dollar Men”“It’s a rich man’s war, but a poor man’s fight.”
12New York City Draft Riots Poor Irish Immigrants in New York resented having to fight the war to end slavery.The Irish hated competing for the worst jobs with freed blacks.Riots break out in New York City in 1863, and many blacks the rich are targets.The Army and Navy ended the bloodshed after 4 days, 7/13-7/16/1863.
14The Draft: The Confederacy Originally if a farmer owned 20 or more slaves he was exempt from fighting.As the war progressed, the Confederate Government called men between the ages of to serve.Eventually to gain support, Davis will emancipate any slave and his family who will fight for the South.
15The Gettysburg Address Given by Lincoln as the Introductory Speaker for the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, PA.Given 11/19/1863The entire speech is 272 words and was given in 2 minutes.Lincoln believed the speech was a failure.