2Economic Advantages &Disadvantages The Union:1. 22 Mil. People2. Immigrant Pop. (Irish & German)3. 90% of:FactoriesRailroadsTelegraphsThe Confederacy:1. 9 Mil. People,2. 1/3 are slaves.3. 10% of:FactoriesRailRoadsTelegraphs
3Military Advantages & Disadvantages Union1. No experienced military leadership2. No Experienced Military3. Had a Navy4. Must Win The WarConfederacyHad Experienced Military Leadership.Experienced ArmyNo NavyHad to Fight The War to a Tie
4Lincoln’s Dilemma1. Does he surrender the fort without a fight? (Violates his Constitutional duty to uphold the Government of the Country)2. Does he re-supply the fort with reinforcements, which would antagonize the Confederacy, and lead to further secession from the South?
5Fort Sumter 4/12/61 1. Lincoln re-supplies the Fort, but sends no men. 2. Confederates fire on Fort Sumter, SC for 34hrs.3. There are no casualties except a Confederate Horse.4. On 4/15/61, Lincoln calls up 75,000 volunteers to fight the Confederacy
7Why The Border States?1. The Border States are Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware.2. If the Confederacy had won these states they would have doubled:A. Population #’sB. # of Factories, Railroads, TelegraphsC. Won control of the OH River, which runs straight to the Mississippi, and gives control of the northern part of the river.
8Lincoln’s Plan To maintain control of the Border States, Lincoln: 1. Declares Martial Law in Maryland.2. Sends Federal Troops in to the state capitols.3. Suspends the “Writ of Habeas Corpus”4. Declares that the war is to Preserve the Union, not end slavery.
10Effects of the Blockade 1. Union Ships prevent Confederacy from shipping “King Cotton” to Europe. A “Cotton Famine” starts.2. Supplies from Europe cannot rearm the Confederacy.3. Europe begins importing in Cotton from colonies in Egypt and India, further lowering the value of Confederate Cotton.4. Confederates begin creating new technology to break the blockade; The 1st Submarine, and “Blockade Runners” like the Alabama.
11International Intrigue EnglandThe Trent Affair: Union Navy arrests Confederate Ambassadors off of British Ship. (Lincoln lets go to avoid war)British build “Laird Rams” for Confederate ships (refuse to sell)British tell Confederates a major victory will win their support.FranceFrench Dictator Napoleon III sees opportunity to move into North America, and takes over Mexico. (Violates Monroe Doctrine)Mexican Dictator Archduke Maxmilian is overthrown by the Mexican People on 5/5/1865
12Economy of the Union 1. To Pay for the War, the Union: A. Passes the National Banking Act which allows for the Printing of “Green Backs” paper currencyB. Passes the Morrill Tariff Act which increased the tax on alcohol and tobaccoC. Sells War BondsD. Increased relations between the Government and Private Business to expedite production of weapons and supplies.
13Economy of the South 1. Weakened by the Anaconda Plan 2. The Confederate Government allows for the printing of “Blue Backs” paper currency, which quickly loses value with a loss of gold supply.3. Citizens and States oppose having to pay direct taxes to the Confederate Government.4. Without Factories and Railroads, supplies for the war run short.
14Role of WomenThe UnionClara Barton formed the Red Cross to help wounded casualties.Dorothea Dix and Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell form the American Sanitary Commission.Women work in factories for the war effort.The Confederacy 1. Women run the plantations, and make handmade supplies for the war effort.
15The Battle of Bull Run 7/21/1861, Manassas, MD The Union1. Led by Gen. Irvin McDowell.2. Major Union Defeat3. McDowell is replaced by General George B. McClellan.The Confederacy1. Led Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson.2. Major Confederate Victory.3. South now believes they can win the war.