Presentation on theme: "1830-1860. The 2nd Great Awakening 1. Was in the “Burned Over” District of NY, and across the entire nation. 2. A time of religious renewal in the nation."— Presentation transcript:
The 2nd Great Awakening 1. Was in the “Burned Over” District of NY, and across the entire nation. 2. A time of religious renewal in the nation. Promoted a need to Find Jesus and God 3. Promoted Social Reforms such as Temperance Abolition Women’s Suffrage
CHARLES GRANDISON FINNEY & PETER CARTWRIGHT LYMAN & HENRY WARD BEECHER
Temperance 1. The belief that Alcohol is the root to all evil in society. 2. The 1 st Temperance Society formed in Boston in 1826, “The American Temperance Society” 3. 1839 an organization called the “Washington Temperance Society”formed. Members were called “Washingtonians”
1. Children and Women formed the “Cold Water Army” which protested against alcohol outside of saloons. 2. Author’s like T.S. Arthur wrote novels such as, “Ten Nights In A Barroom and What I Saw There.” (1854) 3. Neal S. Dow (Governor of ME) promotes the idea of Complete Prohibition of Alcohol in 1851. Dow sets in motion the idea that will become the XVIII Amendment (Prohibition)
1. Suffrage is the idea and desire for equal rights for women and the right to vote. 2. Joined forces with the Abolitionist Movement to bring equal rights for all
1. Leader of the Suffrage Movement. 2. Fights to end the “Cult of Domesticity” 3. Creates the “Declaration of Sentiments”, a Declaration of Women’s Rights. 4. Established the Women’s Rights Convention in 1848, in Seneca Falls, NY.
1. A movement universally opposed to Slavery and supportive of equal rights for all individuals. 2. Abolition movements begin to gain strength following the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and the expansion of “King Cotton” in the Southern Economy. 3. In 1822 Denmark Vesey leads a failed slave revolt in SC 4. In 1831 Nat Turner leads another failed slave revolt which pushes Southerners to pass harsher slave codes.
Famous Abolitionists: 1. William Lloyd Garrison-Writes the “Liberator” an Abolitionist Newspaper. 2. Fredrick Douglass: Writes the “North Star” Newspaper, recruits others after writing his autobiography on life as a former slave 3. Harriet Beecher Stowe-Writes, “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” 4. Harriet Tubman: A Conductor on the Underground Railroad, known as Moses to slaves. 5. By 1848 the “Free Soil Party” is created. Demands end to slavery, “Free Soil, Free Jobs, & Free Men”.