Presentation on theme: "A Study of Reform Movements and the Growth of the United States"— Presentation transcript:
1A Study of Reform Movements and the Growth of the United States American EvolutionA Study of Reform Movements and the Growth of theUnited States
2Immigration Push Factors: Pull Factors: Political Persecution No Social MobilityNo religious FreedomNo Job OpportunitiesWar/RefugeesFamine/No FoodNo EducationNo Chance to Own LandNo FamilyPull Factors:Political FreedomSocial MobilityReligious FreedomJobsNo Wars/Military ServiceFood…”Land of Plenty”Public EducationAbundant Land out WestFamily Sends “American Letters”
3Irish Immigrants1. Came during the 1830’s and 40’s because of the “Great Potato Famine”2. Immigrated to the Cities: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, because too poor to move west.3. Hated because of low work skills, Poor Education, and Roman Catholic Faith.4. Worked on Railroads, Canals, and in Houses and competed with free African Americans for Jobs
4The Ancient Order of Hibernians: Helping the IrishThe Ancient Order of Hibernians:A Semisecret Society Originally Founded in IrelandHelped Provide:FoodJob TrainingEducationChildcareHousing
5The Germans Arrive in the US between 1830-60 Immigrate to the Mid-West, West and begin farming.Support liberal ideas such as Abolition and Early Childhood Ed. (Kindergarten)Introduce: Pretzel, Bratwurst, Strudel, Beer, & Christmas Tree
6NativismNative Born Americans who opposed new immigrants were called “Nativists”Nativists believed There was a vast Catholic Conspiracy by the Pope to take over the U.S.Formed the “Order of the Star Spangled Banner” to fight Immigration.
7NINATo Prevent the Irish from gaining Social Mobility, Many Nativists would place NINA signs in their Shop Windows.Songs (on the right) would be distributed and sung at Nativist Rallies.
8Know Nothing PartyAfter 1.8 million Catholic Immigrants arrive, Nativists form the “Know Nothing Party”The Party Platform Promoted:Anti Immigration lawsAttacks on Nuns, Priests, ChurchesSupporters say, “I know nothing”
9“Putting-Out System”Before Industrialization, manufacturing was “home based”.Local merchants provided raw materials to households to be turned into manufactured goods.With Canals & Railroads, Sales of Goods skyrocket, and need for more efficient methods grows.
10The Slater MillsSamuel Slater brought industrial secrets from England in the 1780’s.By 1790, Slater opened the Slater Mills in PAwtucket, Rhode Island.The factory produced Cotton yarn, that was then sent to local households to be turned into clothing.
11Francis Cabot LowellWorked as spy in English Textile Mills, memorizing how the hydro-powered looms were constructed.Created the Lowell Mills in 1814First businessman to consolidate all stages of production, including housing labor.Follows the Waltham System
12The Lowell Girls Young women 9-18 recruited from local farms Paid $14-18 a monthThe “Mill Girls” must:Follow CurfewAttend ChurchNot DateLive in the Dorms attached to the FactoryEventually Strike for higher wages/Rights
14Eli Whitney Best known for two Major Developments: Interchangeable Parts:Developed originally for the Fed. Government for the mass production of rifles.
15The Cotton GinRemoves seeds from Cotton Fibers and prolongs the institution of Slavery
16Cyrus McCormick Builds the first mechanical reaper Markets invention to farmers in the mid-west and west by 1850Helps in the boom of wheat production prior too, and following the Civil War
17Isaac SingerImproved the sewing machine invented by Elias Howe in 1846Becomes the foundation of the “ready made” clothing industry.One of the “Must Have” items of every American Home.
18Samuel F. B. MorseInvents the Telegraph, originally to help the hard of hearing in 1844Uses a set of dots and dashes to send magnetic pulses through copper wire. (Morse Code)Sends information across great distances.Is the founder of the Information Age.
19Peter Cooper’s Tom Thumb Steam Locomotive invented in 1830Revolutionizes travel, and carries cargo/people 13 miles to Baltimore, travelling at 10mph.