Presentation on theme: "American Evolution 1830-1850 A Study of Reform Movements and the Growth of the United States."— Presentation transcript:
American Evolution A Study of Reform Movements and the Growth of the United States
Immigration Push Factors: 1. Political Persecution 2. No Social Mobility 3. No religious Freedom 4. No Job Opportunities 5. War/Refugees 6. Famine/No Food 7. No Education 8. No Chance to Own Land 9. No Family Pull Factors: 1. Political Freedom 2. Social Mobility 3. Religious Freedom 4. Jobs 5. No Wars/Military Service 6. Food…”Land of Plenty” 7. Public Education 8. Abundant Land out West 9. Family Sends “American Letters”
Irish Immigrants 1. Came during the 1830’s and 40’s because of the “Great Potato Famine” 1. Came during the 1830’s and 40’s because of the “Great Potato Famine” 2. Immigrated to the Cities: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, because too poor to move west. 2. Immigrated to the Cities: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, because too poor to move west. 3. Hated because of low work skills, Poor Education, and Roman Catholic Faith. 3. Hated because of low work skills, Poor Education, and Roman Catholic Faith. 4. Worked on Railroads, Canals, and in Houses and competed with free African Americans for Jobs 4. Worked on Railroads, Canals, and in Houses and competed with free African Americans for Jobs
Helping the Irish The Ancient Order of Hibernians: 1. A Semisecret Society Originally Founded in Ireland 2. Helped Provide: Food Food Job Training Job Training Education Education Childcare Childcare Housing Housing
The Germans 1. Arrive in the US between Immigrate to the Mid- West, West and begin farming. 3. Support liberal ideas such as Abolition and Early Childhood Ed. (Kindergarten) 4. Introduce: Pretzel, Bratwurst, Strudel, Beer, & Christmas Tree
Nativism 1. Native Born Americans who opposed new immigrants were called “Nativists” 2. Nativists believed There was a vast Catholic Conspiracy by the Pope to take over the U.S. 3. Formed the “Order of the Star Spangled Banner” to fight Immigration.
NINA 1. To Prevent the Irish from gaining Social Mobility, Many Nativists would place NINA signs in their Shop Windows. 2. Songs (on the right) would be distributed and sung at Nativist Rallies.
Know Nothing Party 1. After 1.8 million Catholic Immigrants arrive, Nativists form the “Know Nothing Party” 2. The Party Platform Promoted: Anti Immigration laws Anti Immigration laws Attacks on Nuns, Priests, Churches Attacks on Nuns, Priests, Churches Supporters say, “I know nothing” Supporters say, “I know nothing”
“Putting-Out System” 1. Before Industrialization, manufacturing was “home based”. 2. Local merchants provided raw materials to households to be turned into manufactured goods. 3. With Canals & Railroads, Sales of Goods skyrocket, and need for more efficient methods grows.
The Slater Mills 1. Samuel Slater brought industrial secrets from England in the 1780’s. 2. By 1790, Slater opened the Slater Mills in PAwtucket, Rhode Island. 3. The factory produced Cotton yarn, that was then sent to local households to be turned into clothing.
Francis Cabot Lowell 1. Worked as spy in English Textile Mills, memorizing how the hydro-powered looms were constructed. 2. Created the Lowell Mills in First businessman to consolidate all stages of production, including housing labor. 4. Follows the Waltham System
The Lowell Girls 1. Young women 9-18 recruited from local farms 2. Paid $14-18 a month 3. The “Mill Girls” must: Follow Curfew Follow Curfew Attend Church Attend Church Not Date Not Date Live in the Dorms attached to the Factory Live in the Dorms attached to the Factory Eventually Strike for higher wages/Rights Eventually Strike for higher wages/Rights
The Lowell Mills in Operation
Eli Whitney 1. Best known for two Major Developments: A. Interchangeable Parts: Developed originally for the Fed. Government for the mass production of rifles. Developed originally for the Fed. Government for the mass production of rifles.
The Cotton Gin Removes seeds from Cotton Fibers and prolongs the institution of Slavery
Cyrus McCormick 1. Builds the first mechanical reaper 2. Markets invention to farmers in the mid-west and west by Helps in the boom of wheat production prior too, and following the Civil War
Isaac Singer 1. Improved the sewing machine invented by Elias Howe in Becomes the foundation of the “ready made” clothing industry. 3. One of the “Must Have” items of every American Home.
Samuel F. B. Morse 1. Invents the Telegraph, originally to help the hard of hearing in Uses a set of dots and dashes to send magnetic pulses through copper wire. (Morse Code) 3. Sends information across great distances. 4. Is the founder of the Information Age.
Peter Cooper’s Tom Thumb 1. Steam Locomotive invented in Revolutionizes travel, and carries cargo/people 13 miles to Baltimore, travelling at 10mph.