Presentation on theme: "Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce."— Presentation transcript:
Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce Susan M. Pojer and Lynne Pierce
2. Military/Strategic Interests
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History Great nations have great navies Navies need safe ports to receive supplies and rest
3. Social Darwinist Thinking The White Man’s Burden The Hierarchy of Race
4. Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905 Mission Church in Hawaii
5. The frontier theory
Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan: 1853 The Japanese View of Commodore Perry US forces Japan to open to world trade
“Seward’s Folly” or “Icebox: 1867 $7.2 million
America as a Pacific Power
Baker Island Howland Island Christmas Island Palmyra Island Jarvis Island Wake Island
U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s Kamehameha III – 1 st Christian Hawaiian king
Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Hawaii for the Hawaiians!
U. S. View of Hawaiians Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849 through economic treaties.
U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii American businessmen backed an uprising against Queen Liliuokalani. 1893 – American businessmen backed an uprising against Queen Liliuokalani. Sanford Ballard Dole proclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894. Hawaii annexed in 1898
The US had wanted to take it for years
Spanish Misrule in Cuba
“Yellow Journalism” & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederic Remington: You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war!
Valeriano Weyler’s “Reconcentration” Policy
De Lôme Letter Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak, cowardly and incapable of leading the US
Remember the Maine and to Hell with Spain!
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy under McKinley Criticized President McKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair! Resigns his position to fight in Cuba
“That splendid little war”
The Spanish-American War (1898): How prepared was the US for war? US rifle Spanish rifle
The “Rough Riders”
By Fredric Remington By Kurz and Allison
The Spanish-American War (1898): “That Splendid Little War”
Dewey Captures Manila!
Emilio Aguinaldo L eader of the Filipino Uprising. July 4, 1946: Philippine independence
William H. Taft, 1st Gov-General of the Philippines Great administrator.
The Treaty of Paris: 1898 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of Guam. The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines. The U. S. becomes an imperial power!
The American Anti-Imperialist League Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie,and William Jennings Bryan among the leaders. Campaigned against the annexation of the Philippines and other acts of imperialism.
Our “Sphere of Influence”
Platt Amendment (1903) 1.Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence. 2.The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient, independent govt. (protectorate) 3.Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval and coaling station. Cuban Independence? Senator Orville Platt
Puerto Rico: 1898 1900 PR became an “unincorporated territory.” Citizens of PR, not of the US. 1901-1903 the Insular Cases. Constitutional rights were not automatically extended to territorial possessions. Congress had the power to decide these rights.
Puerto Rico: 1898 1917 – Gave full territorial status to PR. (commonwealth) PRs elects their own legislators & governor to enforce local laws. PRs can NOT vote in US presidential elections. A resident commissioner is sent to Washington to vote for PR in the House.
The Imperialist Tailor
Spheres of influence – area where another country has political & economic control
The Open Door Policy - 1899 Gave all nations equal access to trade in China Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by any one foreign power
The Open Door Policy
The Boxer Rebellion:1900
America as a Pacific Power Area of US involvement
America as a Carib- bean Power
U. S. Interventions in Latin America: 1898-1920s
US prevents intervention in Venezuela
Panama: The King’s Crown 1903 Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty Dr. Walter Reed – yellow fever cure
Making the dirt fly
Panama Canal TR in Panama (Construction begins in 1904)
Extending the Monroe Doctrine
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1905 Chronic wrongdoing… may …ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, …to …to the exercise of an international police power power.
Speak Softly, But Carry a Big Stick!
The Cares of a Growing Family
Constable of the World
Treaty of Portsmouth: 1905 Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy
The Great White Fleet: 1907
Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy” Improve financial opportunities for American businesses. Use private capital to further U. S. interests overseas. Use troops to enforce our position if necessary
Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy” The U. S. should be the conscience of the world. Spread democracy. Promote peace. Condemn colonialism.
The Mexican Revolution: 1910s Emiliano Zapata Francisco I Madero Venustiano Carranza Porfirio Diaz Mexico was torn for years by fighting among factions who want to control the country Argentina Brazil Chile Powers
Searching for Banditos General John J. Pershing with Pancho Villa in 1914.